Kaohsiung International Airport

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Kaohsiung International Airport
(Kaohsiung Siaogang Airport)

高雄國際航空站
高雄小港機場

Gāoxióng Guójì Hángkōngzhàn
Gāoxióng Xiǎogǎng Jīchǎng
高雄國際機場.JPG
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Civil Aeronautics Administration
Serves Kaohsiung
Location Siaogang, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (ROC)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 9 m / 30 ft
Coordinates 22°34′37″N 120°21′00″E / 22.57694°N 120.35000°E / 22.57694; 120.35000
Map
KHH is located in Taiwan
KHH
KHH
Location of airport in Taiwan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27[a] 3,150 10,335 Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Number of passengers 6,472,085
Aircraft Movements 51,768
Total cargo (metric tonnes) 81,555.3
Source: Civil Aeronautics Administration[1]

Kaohsiung International Airport (Chinese: 高雄國際航空站; pinyin: Gāoxióng guójì hángkōngzhàn; commonly 高雄國際機場; Gāoxióng guójì jīchǎng) (IATA: KHH, ICAO: RCKH), also known as Kaohsiung Siaogang Airport (高雄小港機場; Gāoxióng xiǎogǎng jīchǎng) for the Siaogang District where it is located, is a medium-sized commercial airport in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan (ROC). Kaohsiung International is the second busiest Taiwanese airport, after Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, in passenger movement.[1]

History[edit]

Originally built as an Imperial Japanese Army Air Squadron base in 1942 during the Japanese rule era of Taiwan,[2] Kaohsiung Airport retained its military purpose when the Republic of China government first took control of Taiwan in 1945. Due to the need for civil transportation in southern Taiwan, it was demilitarised and converted into a domestic civil airport in 1965, and further upgraded to an international airport in 1969, with regular international flights starting in 1972.[3]

During the 1970s and 1980s, direct international flights were rare at the airport, with Hong Kong and Tokyo being the only two destinations.[citation needed] Since the early 1990s, dedicated connection flights to Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (now Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport) were inaugurated. This brought southern Taiwan travelers much convenience, as they can transit via the Chiang Kai-shek International Airport where there was a higher availability of international flights. This reduced the inconvenience that travelers in southern Taiwan needed to travel to Taoyuan in the north before flying south. These contributed to a steady growth in airport passenger and flight movements. A new terminal dedicated to international flights was opened in 1997.[citation needed]

In summer 1998, EVA Air opened a direct flight between Kaohsiung and Los Angeles, but it was discontinued only three months later due to low ridership.[citation needed] Northwest Airlines served Siaogang Airport, operating from Kansai Airport from 1999 to 2001, and Narita Airport from 2002 to 2003. These two routes were separately suspended due to the low load caused by the September 11 attacks and SARS outbreak.[citation needed]

After Taiwan High Speed Rail, the high speed rail line that runs between Taipei and Kaohsiung along Taiwan's western plains, began operation in January 2007, Kaohsiung Airport suffered large reduction in passenger and flight movements. The convenience of Taiwan High Speed Rail and record-high costs of jet fuel were eating up most load factors to Taipei Songshan Airport and Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, caused flights between cities on Taiwan's western plains to cease operation, with the last domestic flight between Taipei-Songshan and Kaohsiung ceased operation on 31 August 2012. The dedicated international connecting flight between Kaohsiung and Taoyuan International Airport stopped on 1 July 2017, after thirty-plus years of operation.

Since 2009, the number of passengers has been recovering due to the opening of regular scheduled cross-strait flights to mainland China, as well as the rise of low cost carriers.[4]

Terminals[edit]

Kaohsiung International Airport terminal building
Kaohsiung International Airport control tower

Kaohsiung International Airport has two terminals – domestic and international. They are connected by a corridor way.

The domestic terminal was built in 1965 when the facility was first opened as a civilian airport.[citation needed] Through the years, it has undergone small expansions and improvements, but jet bridges have never been added. (The domestic terminal primarily serves smaller planes that do not require jet bridges.) The current domestic terminal building also served international flights before the opening of the new international terminal in 1997.

The international terminal opened in 1997 and all gates have jet bridges. It serves all international flights and connecting flights to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. While taking a connecting flight to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, passengers proceed through immigration in Kaohsiung International Airport and do not need to repeat the procedure in Taoyuan, avoiding congestion in Taoyuan and saving time between flights. The floor area for the international terminal is three times more than that of the domestic one.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Countries with direct flights to Kaohsiung and top 20 cities in 2016
Airlines Destinations Ref
Air Busan Busan
Air Macau Macau
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
China Airlines Bangkok–Suvharnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Chongqing, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta (begins 1 July 2018),[5] Kumamoto, Manila, Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Singapore, Tokyo–Narita
China Eastern Airlines Nanchang,[6] Nanjing, Wuhan, Wuxi
China Southern Airlines Wuhan
Daily Air Qimei, Wang-an
EVA Air Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Macau, Ningbo, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita
Far Eastern Air Transport Chengdu, Fuzhou,[7] Haikou, Kinmen, Magong, Xiamen[7]
Hawaiian Airlines Tokyo–Narita
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita
Jeju Air Seoul–Incheon
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
Mandarin Airlines Changsha, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Xiamen
Mandarin Airlines Hualien, Magong [8]
Peach Naha, Osaka–Kansai [9][10]
Silk Air Singapore
Republic of China Air Force Military Charter: Dongsha Island, Taiping Island
Scoot Osaka–Kansai,[11] Singapore
Spring Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Tigerair Taiwan Fukuoka,[12] Macau,[13] Naha,[14] Osaka–Kansai,[15] Tokyo–Narita [16]
T'way Air Seoul–Incheon
Uni Air Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Kunming, Wuxi
Uni Air Kinmen, Magong
Military Charter: Dongsha Island
Vanilla Air Tokyo–Narita
VietJet Air Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen

Several airlines such as China Airlines and Uni Air operate charter flights from Kaohsiung to many Japanese cities including Asahikawa, Hakodate, Sapporo, Hanamaki, Obihiro, Nagasaki and Kumamoto, mostly during long vacations.

Statistics[edit]

Operations and Statistics [17]
Year Passenger
movements
Airfreight
movements
(tons)
Aircraft
movement
2008 4,160,515 62,139.4 47,793
2009 3,661,023 54,382.0 40,335
2010 4,053,069 64,850.8 41,300
2011 4,050,980 55,364.4 42,596
2012 4,465,794 54,104.5 45,302
2013 4,646,222 55,112.0 46,721
2014 5,397,021 68,767.3 51,681
2015 6,001,487 63,030.8 55,685
2016 6,416,681 71,447.8 57,446
2017 6,479,183 81,555.3 51,768
Busiest routes from Kaohsiung (2017) [18][19]
Rank Airport Category Passengers % Change 2017 / 16 Carriers
1 Hong Kong Hong Kong International 1,503,062 Increase 0.86% China Airlines, Cathay Dragon
2 Taiwan Magong Domestic 794,945 Decrease 0.19% Far Eastern Air Transport, Uni Air
3 Japan Tokyo–Narita International 527,697 Decrease 6.76% China Airlines, EVA Air, Japan Airlines, Tigerair Taiwan, Vanilla Air
4 Japan Osaka–Kansai International 507,145 Increase 6.57% China Airlines, EVA Air, Peach, Scoot
5 Taiwan Kinmen Domestic 421,027 Decrease 1.36% Far Eastern Air Transport, Uni Air
6 Macau Macau International 374,520 Decrease 8.81% Air Macau, EVA Air, Tigerair Taiwan
7 China Shanghai–Pudong International 294,863 Increase 2.02% China Airlines, EVA Air, Juneyao Airlines, Spring Airlines
8 South Korea Seoul–Incheon International 236,113 Increase 7.43% China Airlines, EVA Air, Jeju Air, Mandarin Airlines, T'way Air
9 Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City International 219,382 Increase 45.13% Mandarin Airlines, Vietnam Airlines, VietJet Air
10 Japan Sapporo–Chitose International 129,373 Increase 20.54% China Airlines

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Ground transportation[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ ex-09L/27R

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "民航運輸各機場營運量-按機場分" (PDF). CAA. CAA. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Hung, Chih-wen (2015). 不沈空母 : 台灣島內飛行場百年發展史 [The history of airfields and airports in Taiwan] (in Chinese). 洪致文. ISBN 9789574325153. 
  3. ^ "History of Taiwan Kaohsiung Airport (KHH): Airport History and Facts, Kaohsiung Area, Taiwan". 
  4. ^ "2016 Annual Report". kia.gov.tw. Retrieved 5 February 2018. 
  5. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/278422/china-airlines-hong-kong-jakarta-service-changes-from-july-2018/
  6. ^ China Eastern Adds New Routes to Kaohsiung in S14. Airline Route (10 April 2014).
  7. ^ a b 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Far Eastern adds new cross-strait routes in 4Q17". Routesonline. 
  8. ^ "Mandarin Airlines adds new domestic route from Nov 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  9. ^ "Peach to Open Okinawa (Naha) – Kaohsiung Route" (PDF). corporate.flypeach.com. Retrieved 24 January 2018. 
  10. ^ "Peach plans Okinawa – Kaohsiung launch in late-April 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 26 January 2018. 
  11. ^ "Scoot Proposes New Japan Routes via Taiwan / Thailand from July 2015". Airline Route. 
  12. ^ "tigerair Taiwan adds Kaohsiung – Fukuoka service from Dec 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 19 October 2017. 
  13. ^ "tigerair Taiwan to Start Macau Service from Dec 2014". Airline Route. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  14. ^ "tigerair Taiwan adds Kaohsiung – Okinawa route in Mar 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  15. ^ "tigerair Taiwan Adds Kaohsiung - Osaka; Bangkok Service Reductions from July 2015". Airlineroute.net. 16 June 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  16. ^ "tigerair Taiwan to Start Kaohsiung - Tokyo Service from Sep 2015". Airlineroute.net. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  17. ^ "民航運輸各機場營運量-按機場分" (PDF). CAA ROC (in Chinese). Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  18. ^ "國際及兩岸定期航線班機載客率-按航線分" (PDF). CAA. CAA. Retrieved 26 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "國內航線班機載客率-按航空公司及航線分" (PDF). CAA (in Chinese). Retrieved 26 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "B-241 Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  21. ^ Formosa Airlines Archived 19 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Baaa-acro.com.

External links[edit]

Media related to Kaohsiung International Airport at Wikimedia Commons