Kaohsiung International Airport

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Kaohsiung International Airport
(Kaohsiung Siaogang Airport)

高雄國際航空站
高雄小港機場

Gāoxióng Guójì Hángkōngzhàn
Gāoxióng Xiǎogǎng Jīchǎng
高雄國際機場.JPG

IATA: KHHICAO: RCKH

KHH is located in Taiwan
KHH
KHH
Location of airport in Taiwan
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Civil Aeronautics Administration
Serves Kaohsiung
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 9 m / 30 ft
Coordinates 22°34′37″N 120°21′00″E / 22.57694°N 120.35000°E / 22.57694; 120.35000
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 3,150 10,335 Concrete
Statistics (2014)
Number of passengers 5,398,904
Aircraft Movements 51,681
Total cargo (metric tonnes) 68,767.3
Source: Civil Aeronautics Administration[1]
Kaohsiung International Airport terminal building
Kaohsiung International Airport control tower
Kaohsiung International Airport runway

Kaohsiung International Airport (traditional Chinese: officially, 高雄國際航空站; commonly, 高雄國際機場; simplified Chinese: 高雄國際航空站/高雄國際機場; pinyin: Gāoxióng guójì hángkōngzhàn/Gāoxióng guójì jīchǎng) (IATA: KHHICAO: RCKH), also known as Kaohsiung Siaogang Airport (Chinese: 高雄小港機場; pinyin: Gāoxióng xiǎogǎng jīchǎng) for the Siaogang District where it is located, is a medium-sized commercial airport in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Kaohsiung International is the third busiest Taiwanese airport, after Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport and Taipei Songshan Airport, in passenger movement.[1]

History[edit]

Originally built as an Imperial Japanese Navy Air Squadron base in 1938 during the Japanese rule era of Taiwan, Kaohsiung Airport retained its military purpose when the Republic of China government first took control of Taiwan in 1945. Due to the need for civil transportation in southern Taiwan, it was demilitarised and converted into a domestic civil airport in 1965, and further upgraded to an international airport in 1969, with regular international flights starting in 1972.[2]

During the 1970s and 1980s, direct international flights were rare at the airport, with Hong Kong and Tokyo being the only two destinations.[citation needed] Since the early 1990s, dedicated connection flights to Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (now Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport) were inaugurated. This brought southern Taiwan travelers much convenience, as they can transit via the Chiang Kai-shek International Airport where there was a higher availability of international flights. In the meantime, direct flights to Southeast Asia cities were gradually opened.[citation needed] This reduced the inconvenience that travelers in southern Taiwan needed to travel to Taoyuan in the north before flying south. These contributed to a steady growth in airport passenger and flight movements. A new terminal dedicated to international flights was opened in 1997.

In summer 1998, EVA Air opened a direct flight between Kaohsiung and Los Angeles, but it was discontinued only three months later due to low ridership. Northwest Airlines served Siaogang Airport, operating from Kansai Airport from 1999 to 2001, and Narita Airport from 2002 to 2003. These two routes were separately suspended due to the low load caused by the September 11 attacks and SARS outbreak.

After the Taiwan High Speed Rail's inauguration in January 2007, the Kaohsiung airport suffered great losses in passenger/flight movements; the Taiwan High Speed Rail and record-high costs of jet fuel are eating up most load factors to Taipei Songshan Airport and Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (frequent buses link the Taoyuan Airport and the THSR Taoyuan Station). Some carriers dropped the two routes while other carriers reduced flights.

Since 2009, the number of passengers has been recovering due to the opening of regular scheduled cross-strait flights, as well as the rise of low cost carriers.

Terminals[edit]

Kaohsiung International Airport has two terminals – domestic and international. They are connected by a corridor way.

The domestic terminal was built in 1965 when the facility was first opened as a civilian airport. Through the years, it has undergone small expansions and improvements, but jet bridges were never added. (The domestic terminal primarily serves smaller planes that do not require jet bridges.) The current domestic terminal building also served international flights before the opening of the new international terminal in 1997.

The international terminal opened in 1997 and all gates have jet bridges. It serves all international flights and connecting flights to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. Connecting passengers proceed through immigration in Kaohsiung and do not need to repeat the procedure in Taoyuan, avoiding congestion in Taoyuan and saving time between flights. The floor area for the international terminal is three times more than that of the domestic one.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur (begins 16 July 2015)[3] International
Air Busan Busan International
Air Macau Macau International
China Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Changzhou (begins 16 September 2015),[4] Chongqing, Fukuoka (begins 28 March 2016),[5] Hong Kong, Kumamoto (begins 26 March 2016),[5] Manila, Naha (begins 26 March 2016),[5] Osaka-Kansai, Sapporo-Chitose, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita
Seasonal: Denpasar/Bali
International
China Eastern Airlines Nanchang,[6] Ningbo,[6] Nanjing, Wuhan International
China Southern Airlines Changchun, Wuhan, Zhengzhou
Regular charter: Jieyang
International
Daily Air Cimei, Wang-an Domestic
Dragonair Hong Kong International
EVA Air Fukuoka,[7] Guangzhou, Macau, Ningbo, Seoul-Incheon(suspended), Osaka-Kansai, Shanghai-Pudong, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita, Zhengzhou International[8]
Far Eastern Air Transport Chengdu, Guilin, Haikou, Nanchang, Nanning, Taiyuan, Yichang International
Far Eastern Air Transport Kinmen, Magong Domestic
Hainan Airlines Lanzhou International
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita International
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai-Pudong International
Mandarin Airlines Changsha, Hangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City,[9] Lijiang, Seoul-Incheon, Xiamen International
Mandarin Airlines Hualien Domestic
Peach Osaka-Kansai[10] International
Scoot Singapore, Osaka-Kansai (both begin 9 July 2015)[11] International
Spring Airlines Shanghai-Pudong International
Tigerair Taiwan Macau,[12] Osaka-Kansai[13] International
TransAsia Airways Changsha, Fuzhou, Hefei, Lanzhou, Hefei, Macau, Nanning, Xiamen, Xuzhou International
TransAsia Airways Kinmen, Magong Domestic
Uni Air Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Kunming, Qingdao, Shenyang,[14]
Charter: Surabaya
International
Uni Air Military Charter: Dongsha Island Domestic
Vanilla Air Tokyo-Narita[15] International
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City International
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou, Xiamen International

International charter flights[edit]

Several airlines such as China Airlines and Uni Air operate charter flights from Kaohsiung to many Japanese cities including Asahigawa, Hakodate, Sapporo, Hanamaki, Obihiro, Nagasaki and Kumamoto, mostly during long vacations.

Operations[edit]

Operations and Statistics [1]
Year Passenger
movements
Airfreight
movements
(tons)
Aircraft
movement
2004 7,586,640 87,758.2 86,167
2005 7,374,217 81,453.4 81,718
2006 7,130,321 76,997.0 78,603
2007 5,717,242 70,241.3 67,149
2008 4,160,515 62,139.4 47,793
2009 3,661,023 54,382.0 40,335
2010 4,053,069 64,850.8 41,300
2011 4,050,980 55,364.4 42,596
2012 4,465,794 54,104.5 45,302
2013 4,646,222 55,112.0 46,721
2014 5,398,904 68,767.3 51,681
Busiest routes from Kaohsiung (2014) [16]
Rank Airport Category Passengers 2014 Carriers
1 Hong Kong International 1,464,142 China Airlines, Dragonair
2 Makung Domestic 705,860 Far Eastern Air Transport, TransAsia Airways, Uni Air
3 Kinmen Domestic 433,827 Far Eastern Air Transport, TransAsia Airways, Uni Air
4 Tokyo-Narita International 325,668 China Airlines, EVA Air, Japan Airlines, Vanilla Air
5 Macau International 316,174 Air Macau, EVA Air, Tigerair Taiwan, TransAsia Airways
6 Shanghai-Pudong Cross-strait 286,238 China Airlines, EVA Air, Juneyao Airlines, Spring Airlines
7 Osaka-Kansai International 199,854 China Airlines, EVA Air, Peach
8 Seoul-Incheon International 162,889 China Airlines, EVA Air, Mandarin Airlines
9 Ho Chi Minh City International 143,106 Mandarin Airlines, Vietnam Airlines
10 Taipei-Taoyuan Domestic-International 137,032 China Airlines

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Ground transportation[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "民航運輸各機場營運量-按機場分" (PDF). CAA. CAA. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  2. ^ http://www.kaohsiung-khh.airports-guides.com/khh_history.html
  3. ^ http://www.bernama.com.my/bernama/v8/bu/newsbusiness.php?id=1136152
  4. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/07/02/ci-khhczx-sep15/
  5. ^ a b c http://airlineroute.net/2015/05/13/ci-khhjapan-s16/
  6. ^ a b China Eastern Adds New Routes to Kaohsiung in S14. Airline Route (10 April 2014).
  7. ^ "EVA Air Adds Kaohsiung - Fukuoka from late-March 2015". Airline Route. 3 February 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 
  8. ^ themecool.com: The Leading Theme Cool Site on the Net. Evaair.themecool.com.
  9. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/09/16/ae-khh-w14/
  10. ^ http://www.flypeach.com/Portals/0/PressReleases/2013/131025-Press-Release-E.pdf
  11. ^ "Scoot Proposes New Japan Routes via Taiwan / Thailand from July 2015". Airline Route. 
  12. ^ "tigerair Taiwan to Start Macau Service from Dec 2014". Airline Route. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  13. ^ "tigerair Taiwan Adds Kaohsiung - Osaka; Bangkok Service Reductions from July 2015". Airlineroute.net. 16 June 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  14. ^ Uni Air begin service to Shenyang
  15. ^ Yoshikawa, Tadayuki (7 August 2014). "バニラエア、11月から香港、15年2月に高雄就航へ". Aviation Wire. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  16. ^ "高雄國際機場國際及兩岸定期航線班機載客率-按航線分" (PDF). CAA. CAA. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  17. ^ "B-241 Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  18. ^ Formosa Airlines. Baaa-acro.com.

External links[edit]

  1. ^ "Glossary of Names for Admin Divisions" (PDF). placesearch.moi.gov.tw. Ministry of Interior of the ROC. Retrieved 12 June 2015.