Kaoru Yosano

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Kaoru Yosano
与謝野 馨
Kaoru Yosano cropped 1 Timothy Geithner and Kaoru Yosano 20090424.jpg
Minister of Finance
In office
18 February 2009 – 16 September 2009
Prime Minister Tarō Asō
Preceded by Shōichi Nakagawa
Succeeded by Hirohisa Fujii
Chief Cabinet Secretary
In office
27 August 2007 – 25 September 2007
Prime Minister Shinzō Abe
Preceded by Yasuhisa Shiozaki
Succeeded by Seiji Maehara
Personal details
Born (1938-08-22)22 August 1938
Kōjimachi, Tokyo, Japan
Died 23 May 2017(2017-05-23) (aged 78)
Tokyo, Japan
Political party Liberal Democratic Party of Japan
Sunrise Party
Alma mater University of Tokyo
Website Official website

Kaoru Yosano (与謝野 馨, Yosano Kaoru) (August 22, 1938 – May 23, 2017) was a Japanese politician. He was a member of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), the Sunrise Party of Japan and former member of the House of Representatives, serving his ninth term in the Lower House representing Tokyo's first electoral district until his defeat in the Japanese general election, 2009. Yosano was Chief Cabinet Secretary to Prime Minister Shinzō Abe from August 2007 to September 2007 and was Minister of Economic and Fiscal Policy in Tarō Asō's administration from February to September 2009.

Political career[edit]

Born the grandson of poets Yosano Akiko and Yosano Tekkan in Tokyo, he graduated from the University of Tokyo in 1963. In 1972 he unsuccessfully ran for a seat in House of Representatives. Yosano then served as secretary to Yasuhiro Nakasone. He ran again in 1976 and was elected for the first time. On August 27, 2007, he was appointed Chief Cabinet Secretary to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, replacing Yasuhisa Shiozaki. He was replaced by Nobutaka Machimura on September 27 when Yasuo Fukuda succeeded Abe.[1] Yosano was appointed as Minister of Economic and Fiscal Policy and Minister of Regulatory Reform on August 1, 2008.[2]

Kaoru Yosano meeting with U.S. Secretary of Treasury Timothy Geithner on April 14, 2011.

Following the resignation of Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda, Yosano announced his candidacy for the LDP presidency on September 8, 2008:

"I believe politicians should never mislead the public by showing some rosy pictures. The LDP is facing the biggest crisis since its creation. I will contest the election with high spirits and the courage to lead Japan. Japan is going through a crisis. I will battle the situation for the benefit of the people."[3][4]

In the leadership election, held on September 22, 2008, Tarō Asō was elected with 351 of the 527 votes, while Yosano trailed in second place with 66 votes.[5] In Aso's Cabinet, appointed on 24 September 2008, Yosano retained his post as Minister of Economic and Fiscal Policy.[6] On February 18, 2009, With the resignation of Shoichi Nakagawa on the case of the G7 conference, he took office as Minister of Finance and Minister in charge of financial services.

On April 4, 2010, Yosano, Takeo Hiranuma, Hiroyuki Sonoda, Takao Fujii and Yoshio Nakagawa announced their plans to leave the LDP to establish a new political party, the Sunrise Party of Japan.[7] He left the Sunrise Party of Japan on 13 January 2011[8] to join the Naoto Kan's cabinet as Minister of Economic and Fiscal Policy.[9]

Yosano was known for advocating an increase in the consumption tax to reconstruct the nation's debt-ridden fiscal structure. After joining the DPJ government Yosano drew up the plans for the 2012 consumption tax increase. The legislation was passed through the house of representatives on June 26, 2012[10] and passed the upper house on August 10, 2012.[11]

Personal life and death[edit]

His hobbies included golf, making computers, photography, fishing, and playing Japanese board games.[1] He was a Roman Catholic.[citation needed]

It was announced on September 5, 2012 that he would not run for re-election as he was suffering from throat cancer and had difficulty speaking.[12] Yosano died on May 23, 2017.[13][14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Japan Times, "Fukuda's new lineup", August 3, 2008.
  2. ^ "Fukuda overhauls Cabinet / LDP executive shakeup also elevates Aso to party No. 2", The Yomiuri Shimbun, August 2, 2008.
  3. ^ iht.com, Search for next prime minister of Japan puts spotlight on the economy
  4. ^ afp.google.com, Koike launches bid to be Japan's first woman PM Archived 2011-05-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Aso elected LDP head", The Yomiuri Shimbun, 22 September 2008.
  6. ^ "Aso elected premier / Announces Cabinet lineup himself; poll likely on Nov. 2", The Yomiuri Shimbun, 25 September 2008.
  7. ^ "Yosano, Hiranuma Decide On Name For New Party". Nikkei Shimbun. 2010-04-07. Retrieved 2010-04-07.
  8. ^ Japan Times Yosano exits party, seen angling for ruling bloc January 14, 2012
  9. ^ Japan Times New team seen prioritizing TPP entry, sales tax hike January 15, 2012
  10. ^ Japan Times Lower House passes bill to double sales tax June 27, 2012
  11. ^ Japan Times Upper House passes bill to hike sales levy August 11, 2012
  12. ^ Japan Times Tax hike architect Yosano ill, to retire from politics September 6, 2012
  13. ^ Yoshida, Reiji (2017-05-24). "Former lawmaker and finance chief Kaoru Yosano dies at 78". Japan Times.
  14. ^ Banri Kaieda [1]

External links[edit]

House of Representatives of Japan
Preceded by
Yojirō Konno
Eiichi Tanaka
Kiyomasa Katō
Representative for Tokyo's 1st district (multi-member)
1976–1979
1980–1996
Served alongside: Yūji Ōtsuka, Banri Kaieda, several others
Constituency abolished
New title
New constituency
Representative for Tokyo's 1st district
1996–2000
Succeeded by
Banri Kaieda
Preceded by
Banri Kaieda
Representative for Tokyo's 1st district
2005–2009
Preceded by
Representative for the Tokyo block (PR)
2003–2005
2009–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Banri Kaieda
Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy
2011–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Tomiko Okazaki
Minister of State for Social Affairs and Gender Equality
2011–present
New title Minister for Comprehensive Reform of Social Security and Tax
2011–present
Preceded by
Shōichi Nakagawa
Minister of Finance of Japan
2009
Succeeded by
Hirohisa Fujii
Preceded by
Shōichi Nakagawa
Minister of State for Financial Services of Japan
2009
Succeeded by
Shizuka Kamei
Preceded by
Hiroko Ōta
Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy of Japan
2008–2009
Succeeded by
Yoshimasa Hayashi
Preceded by
Tatsuya Ito
Minister of State for Financial Services of Japan
2005–2006
Succeeded by
Yuji Yamamoto
Preceded by
Yasuhisa Shiozaki
Chief Cabinet Secretary of Japan
August 2007 – September 2007
Succeeded by
Nobutaka Machimura
Preceded by
Heizō Takenaka
Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy of Japan
2005–2006
Succeeded by
Hiroko Ōta
Preceded by
Mitsuo Horiuchi
Minister for International Trade and Industry of Japan
1998–1999
Succeeded by
Takashi Fukaya
Preceded by
Ryoko Akamatsu
Minister of Education of Japan
1994–1995
Succeeded by
Yoshinobu Shimamura