Kapangan, Benguet

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Kapangan
Municipality
Official seal of Kapangan
Seal
Map of Benguet showing the location of Kapangan
Map of Benguet with Kapangan highlighted
Kapangan is located in Philippines
Kapangan
Kapangan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°35′N 120°36′E / 16.58°N 120.6°E / 16.58; 120.6Coordinates: 16°35′N 120°36′E / 16.58°N 120.6°E / 16.58; 120.6
Country  Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Benguet
District Lone district of Benguet
Founded 1900
Barangays 15 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Manny Fermin
 • Electorate 11,852 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 164.39 km2 (63.47 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 19,361
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2613
PSGC 141108000
IDD:area code +63 (0)74
Income class 4th municipal income class
Website www.kapangan.gov.ph

Kapangan, officially the Municipality of Kapangan (Ilocano: Ili ti Kapangan; Filipino: Bayan ng Kapangan), is a municipality in the province of Benguet in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) of the Philippines. The population was 19,361 at the 2015 census.[3] In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 11,852 registered voters.[4]

History[edit]

Pre-colonial period[edit]

Kapangan was formerly called Takdang (or Tacdang), which means "people from the east". The early natives, who came from eastern settlements such as Tinec in Buguias and Bontoc, settled along the Amburayan River and lived by the kaingin system. They traveled to Naguilian in La Union to trade goods with the Ilocano people.[5]

Spanish period[edit]

During the Spanish Regime, Kapangan was organized into four barrios; Balacbac, Paykek, Pongayan, and Taba-ao. The Spaniards appointed Espiritu Cariño as the first Capitan del Barrio, whose duty was overseeing tax collection from local land owners. They also appointed Juan Ora-a Cariño to the position, eventually promoting him to Commandantes, one of the highest ranks in office during the time. Both Espiritu Cariño and Juan Ora-a Cariño appointed eight people in eight different barrios to serve as barrio capitans, whose tasks were to oversee the construction of Spanish trails throughout the mountain region.[5]

American period[edit]

Under the American Civil Government, Kapangan was established as one of the 19 townships of the province of Benguet, upon the issuance of Act No. 48 on November 22, 1900[5][6][7]

On August 13, 1908, Benguet was established as a sub-province of the newly created Mountain Province with the enactment of Act No. 1876. Six townships of Benguet were later abolished, one of which was Balakbak, which was integrated into the township of Kapangan.[8][9]

Post-war era[edit]

On June 25, 1963, then-President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 converting eight (8) of the thirteen (13) towns (designated as municipal districts) of Benguet sub-province into regular municipalities. Kapangan was among them.[10]

On June 18, 1966, the sub-province of Benguet was separated from the old Mountain Province and was converted into a regular province. Kapangan remained to be a component municipality of the newly established province.[5][6][8][11]

Geography[edit]

Kapangan is located at 16°35′N 120°36′E / 16.58°N 120.6°E / 16.58; 120.6, at the mid-western section of Benguet. It is bounded by Kibungan on the north-east, Atok on the east, Tublay on the southeast, Sablan and Bagulin on the south-west, San Gabriel on the mid-west, and Sugpon on the north-west.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 164.39 square kilometres (63.47 sq mi)[2] constituting 5.94% of the 2,769.08-square-kilometre- (1,069.15 sq mi) total area of Benguet.

The municipal's terrain is characterized by rugged mountains and hills. Rugged mountains have slopes of 50% while hills have slopes from 30%-50%. The highest elevation is 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) above sea level with the lowest at 200 metres (660 ft) above sea level.

Kapangan is about 29 kilometres (18 mi) away from the capital town of La Trinidad.

Climate[edit]

Climate is divided into two seasons - the wet and the dry. Wet season occurs from May to October while dry season occurs November to April.

Barangays[edit]

Kapangan is politically subdivided into 15 barangays.[12]


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[13]
141108001 Balakbak 6.8% 1,322 1,372 −0.70%
141108002 Beleng‑Belis 5.0% 974 984 −0.19%
141108003 Boklaoan 2.5% 478 644 −5.52%
141108004 Cayapes 4.2% 817 962 −3.06%
141108006 Cuba 5.2% 1,006 995 0.21%
141108008 Datakan 9.2% 1,774 1,699 0.83%
141108009 Gadang 7.8% 1,513 1,534 −0.26%
141108010 Gasweling 4.7% 908 1,129 −4.06%
141108011 Labueg 8.3% 1,613 1,572 0.49%
141108013 Paykek 6.6% 1,279 1,550 −3.59%
141108014 Poblacion Central 8.5% 1,652 1,841 −2.04%
141108015 Pudong 7.1% 1,380 1,373 0.10%
141108016 Pongayan 4.1% 786 945 −3.45%
141108017 Sagubo 9.9% 1,923 1,697 2.41%
141108018 Taba‑ao 10.0% 1,936 1,787 1.54%
Total 19,361 20,084 −0.70%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Kapangan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 28 —    
1918 3,916 +39.01%
1939 6,539 +2.47%
1948 8,184 +2.52%
1960 10,707 +2.26%
1970 12,221 +1.33%
1975 12,793 +0.92%
1980 13,381 +0.90%
1990 15,537 +1.51%
1995 15,326 −0.26%
2000 18,137 +3.68%
2007 18,221 +0.06%
2010 20,084 +3.61%
2015 19,361 −0.70%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][13][14][15]

In the 2015 census, Kapangan had a population of 19,361.[3] The population density was 120 inhabitants per square kilometre (310/sq mi).

In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 11,852 registered voters.[4]

Religion[edit]

  • Ascension Episcopal Mission, Cabilisan, Pudong
  • Balakbak Southern Baptist Church, Balakbak
  • Duntog Kalbaryo Lutheran Church, Balakbak
  • Iglesia ni Cristo, Lokal ng Balakbak
  • Iglesia ni Cristo, Lokal ng Kapangan
  • Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses, Central
  • Mount Zion Lutheran Church, Liblibeng, Gadang
  • Saint Andrew's Episcopal Parish, Paykek
  • Saint Luke Lutheran Church, Taba-ao
  • Saint Mark Episcopal Mission, Gadang
  • Saint Mark Lutheran Church, Landing, Sagubo
  • Saint Michael Catholic Mission, Labueg

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

As of 2014, Kapangan has 27 public elementary schools and 4 public secondary schools.[16][17][18]

Private schools[edit]

  • Saint Theresita's High School

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Municipality of Kapangan: History of Kapangan". Province of Benguet (official website). Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Kapangan, Benguet ...At a Glance". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region. Archived from the original on 14 November 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Municipality of Kapangan, Benguet". Department of Interior and Local Government (Philippines) - Cordillera Administrative Region. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "History: Benguet Province". Province of Benguet (official website). Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  9. ^ Igualdo, Lolito T. "The Social World of the Kankana-eys (Dissertation)". Retrieved 11 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "Executive Order No. 42, s. 1963: Declaring Certain Municipal Districts in the Philippines as Municipalities". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 18 June 1966. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2016. 
  12. ^ "Municipal: Kapangan, Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  13. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  14. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  15. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  16. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 15, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)". Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "Masterlist of Public Schools SY 2013-2014" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 22 October 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014.