Map of Benguet with Kapangan highlighted
|Region||Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)|
|District||Lone district of Benguet|
|Barangays||15 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Manny Fermin|
|• Electorate||11,852 voters (2016)|
|• Total||164.39 km2 (63.47 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||120/km2 (310/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)74|
|Income class||4th municipal income class|
Kapangan, officially the Municipality of Kapangan (Ilocano: Ili ti Kapangan; Filipino: Bayan ng Kapangan), is a municipality in the province of Benguet in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) of the Philippines. The population was 19,361 at the 2015 census. In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 11,852 registered voters.
Kapangan was formerly called Takdang (or Tacdang), which means "people from the east". The early natives, who came from eastern settlements such as Tinec in Buguias and Bontoc, settled along the Amburayan River and lived by the kaingin system. They traveled to Naguilian in La Union to trade goods with the Ilocano people.
During the Spanish Regime, Kapangan was organized into four barrios; Balacbac, Paykek, Pongayan, and Taba-ao. The Spaniards appointed Espiritu Cariño as the first Capitan del Barrio, whose duty was overseeing tax collection from local land owners. They also appointed Juan Ora-a Cariño to the position, eventually promoting him to Commandantes, one of the highest ranks in office during the time. Both Espiritu Cariño and Juan Ora-a Cariño appointed eight people in eight different barrios to serve as barrio capitans, whose tasks were to oversee the construction of Spanish trails throughout the mountain region.
On August 13, 1908, Benguet was established as a sub-province of the newly created Mountain Province with the enactment of Act No. 1876. Six townships of Benguet were later abolished, one of which was Balakbak, which was integrated into the township of Kapangan.
On June 25, 1963, then-President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 converting eight (8) of the thirteen (13) towns (designated as municipal districts) of Benguet sub-province into regular municipalities. Kapangan was among them.
On June 18, 1966, the sub-province of Benguet was separated from the old Mountain Province and was converted into a regular province. Kapangan remained to be a component municipality of the newly established province.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 164.39 square kilometres (63.47 sq mi)  constituting 5.94% of the 2,769.08-square-kilometre- (1,069.15 sq mi) total area of Benguet.
The municipal's terrain is characterized by rugged mountains and hills. Rugged mountains have slopes of 50% while hills have slopes from 30%-50%. The highest elevation is 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) above sea level with the lowest at 200 metres (660 ft) above sea level.
Kapangan is about 29 kilometres (18 mi) away from the capital town of La Trinidad.
Climate is divided into two seasons - the wet and the dry. Wet season occurs from May to October while dry season occurs November to April.
|Population census of Kapangan|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, Kapangan had a population of 19,361. The population density was 120 inhabitants per square kilometre (310/sq mi).
In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 11,852 registered voters.
- Ascension Episcopal Mission, Cabilisan, Pudong
- Balakbak Southern Baptist Church, Balakbak
- Duntog Kalbaryo Lutheran Church, Balakbak
- Iglesia ni Cristo, Lokal ng Balakbak
- Iglesia ni Cristo, Lokal ng Kapangan
- Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses, Central
- Mount Zion Lutheran Church, Liblibeng, Gadang
- Saint Andrew's Episcopal Parish, Paykek
- Saint Luke Lutheran Church, Taba-ao
- Saint Mark Episcopal Mission, Gadang
- Saint Mark Lutheran Church, Landing, Sagubo
- Saint Michael Catholic Mission, Labueg
- Saint Theresita's High School
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- "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016.
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- Igualdo, Lolito T. "The Social World of the Kankana-eys (Dissertation)". Retrieved 11 November 2014.
- "Executive Order No. 42, s. 1963: Declaring Certain Municipal Districts in the Philippines as Municipalities". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- "Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 18 June 1966. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
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- "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 15, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)". Department of Education (Philippines), July 4, 2013. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Masterlist of Public Schools SY 2013-2014" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 22 October 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
||Sugpon, Ilocos Sur||Kibungan|
|San Gabriel, La Union||Atok|
|Bagulin, La Union||Sablan / Tublay|