The Church of Our Lady of the Chapel (French: Église Notre-Dame-de-la-Chapelle, Dutch: Onze-Lieve-Vrouw-ter-Kapellekerk), or the Chapel Church (Église de la Chapelle or Kapellekerk) is a Roman Catholic church situated in the Marolles district of Brussels, Belgium.
It was founded in 1134 by Godfrey I of Leuven near what were then the town ramparts, and the present structure dates from the 13th century. Part of the structure was damaged by the French during the bombardment of Brussels in 1695 as part of the War of the Grand Alliance. It was restored in 1866 and again in 1989. It contains work by Jerôme Duquesnoy (II) and Lucas Faydherbe.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder was buried in this church. The funeral monument erected by his sons in his honour is still in place. Part of the relics of Saint Boniface of Brussels, Bishop of Lausanne, are also buried here.
- List of churches in Brussels
- Brussels-Chapel railway station, a neighbouring station which takes its name from the church
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