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|Proper name||Sri Kapileswara Swamy temple|
|Telugu alphabet||శ్రీ కపిలేశ్వర స్వామి వారి ఆలయం|
|Primary deity||Siva as Kapileswara|
|Important festivals||Maha Shivaratri, Karthika Deepam, Kapileswara Swamy Brahmotsavams|
|Architectural styles||Dravidian architecture|
|Number of temples||9|
|Inscriptions||Sanskrit and Dravidian languages|
|History and governance|
|Temple board||Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams|
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Kapila Theertham is a famous Saivite Temple and Theertham, located at Tirupati in the Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh, India. The idol is believed to be installed by Kapila Muni and hence Lord Siva here is referred to as Kapileswara.
The temple stands at the entrance to a mountain cave in one of the steep and vertical faces at the foot of the Tirumala hills which are part of Seshachalam Hills, where the waters of the mountain stream fall directly into Temple Pushkarini known as "Kapila Theertham". A huge stone statue of a seated bull "Nandhi", Lord's Shiva's steed, greets devotees and passersby at the entrance to the temple.
According to Temple Legend Kapila Muni had performed penance to Lord Siva at this place and blissed with the Muni's devotion, Lord Siva and Parvathi presented themselves. The Lingam is believed to be self-manifested. Kapila muni is believed to emerged from the Bilam(Cavity) in the Pushkarini(Theertham) on to the earth.
Though this temple's significance has diminished due to the hugely popular neighboring Temples in Tirumala and Tiruchanoor, it received very good patronage from the Kings of Vijayanagara in the 13th thru 16th centuries, especially Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya, and the eternally famous Sri Krishna Deva Raya, and some of the later rulers like Venkatapathi Raya, and Aliya Ramaraya, Sri Krishna Deva Raya's Son-in-law.
The present day temple is under the administration of Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams(TTD). Under TTD this temple receives continued protection and sustainance, annual festivals that are celebrated great splendour.
During 'Kartika' month on the occasion of its "mukkoti" on the 'Purnima' (full moon) day, all the teerthas situated in the three world's merge into this Kapila Teertham at noon for ten 'Ghatikas'(one ghatika is equivalent to 24 minutes). It is believed that persons bathing in it at that auspicious time will attain salvation from the cycle of birth and death ('Brahmaloka'). Moreover, those who have never offered Pindam (thidhi or thadhhina) to their departed ancestor souls can do it here and wash off your sins for non performance of it in past.
The temple celebrates all important festivals of Shaivism which includes Maha Shivaratri, Karthika Deepam, Vinayaka Chavithi, Adikirtika etc. Kapileswara Swamy Brahmotsavams is the biggest event of the temple celebrated by TTD during the month of February. It is a nine-day event where the processional deity of Lord Shiva and Parvathi will taken procession on different vahanams starting with Hamsa vahanam and ending with Trishula snanam(celestial bath to Siva Trident).
There are many sub-shrines with-in the main temple premises. Temples for Kamakshi-concert of Shiva, Vinayaka, Subhramanya, Agasthesswara, Rukmini Satyabhama Sametha Sri Krishna are few among them.
- "Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams-Sri Kapileswara Swamy Temple". Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
- "KAPILATEERTHAM DECKS UP FOR THE BIG EVENT-MAHA SHIVA RATHRI MAHOTSAVAM". Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
- "SRI KAPILESWARA SWAMY TEMPLE ANNUAL FETE BEGINS WITH DHWAJAROHANAM". Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
- "RELIGIOUS FERVOUR MARKS "TRISHULA SNANAM"". Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
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