Kapiolani Park

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Diamond Head seen from Kapiolani Park

Queen Kapiʻolani Regional Park is the largest and second oldest public park in Hawaiʻi, located in Honolulu, Hawaiʻi on the east end of Waikīkī just beyond Kuhio Beach Park and the Waikiki residential neighborhood. The 300-acre (1.2 km2) park, named after Queen Kapiʻolani, the queen consort of King David Kalākaua, is home to the Waikiki Shell and the Honolulu Zoo.

History[edit]

Kingdom of Hawaii[edit]

An ad announcing a horse race in Kapiolani Park

In the 1870s, King Kalākaua was asked to find a permanent, dry course for horse racing. Since Waikiki was popular with wealthy racing fans, Kalākaua chose the unoccupied and dry plain at the foot of Diamond Head where the park now stands. On June 11, 1877, the park was dedicated as the first Hawaiian public space. Scotsman Archibald Scott Cleghorn was Vice-president and later president of the Kapiʻolani Park Association, a group of businessmen who convinced Kalākaua to give them a 30-year lease for $1 per year. A share in the association cost $50, and would allow shareholders to lease property on Waikiki Beach. By the 1880s, many of Hawaii's wealthiest citizens had leased property through the association until the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii, during which most of the properties were returned to the city or condemned.[1] A lease was granted to the Honolulu Cricket Club in 1893. Top cricket players from San Francisco's California Cricket Association played for local teams.[2]

Republic of Hawaii[edit]

After the overthrow, the land was conveyed to the Republic of Hawaii and managed by the Honolulu Park Commission. The legislation provided that the park be set aside permanently as a free public park and recreation ground, forbade the sale or lease of land in the park, and prohibited charging of any entrance fees. Since 1913, the park has been maintained by the City and County of Honolulu's Department of Parks & Recreation.[3]

In the 1920's, plans to drain the Ala Wai Canal through Kapiolani Park filled the park with mud and trash. It was rarely used until 1952, when the park was renovated and the current boundaries of the park were established.[1]

Today[edit]

Kapiolani Park Banyan Trees

Besides the Honolulu Zoo and the Waikiki Shell, the park includes tennis and basketball courts, soccer, baseball, lacrosse and rugby fields and an archery range. The park hosts many international lacrosse and rugby tournaments a year.[4][5] Its bandstand serves as an entertainment venue. It is also a popular course for joggers who utilize its two-mile (3 km) circumference. The park also serves as the site, as both the starting and finish lines, of road races in Honolulu including the Honolulu Marathon.

Kapiʻolani park is also home to Honolulu Cricket Club, the only cricket club in the Hawaiian Islands. Founded in 1893, it is the oldest sporting club in the Pacific according to Guinness World Records.[6]

As Kapiʻolani Park continues south it becomes Kapiʻolani Beach Park, adjacent to Kuhio Beach and Waikiki Beach. The park itself also serves as a natural border between Waikiki and Diamond Head neighborhood.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Burlingame, Burt (August 11, 2000). "Growth spurt". archives.starbulletin.com. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  2. ^ David Sentance, Cricket in America 1710-2000-research in progress for second edition
  3. ^ Wyeneth, Robert (2002). "Brief park history". Kapiolani Park: a history. Kapiolani Park Preservation Society. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
  4. ^ "Hawaii Lacrosse Club - Men's and Women's Lacrosse in Honolulu, Hawaii". Hawaii Lacrosse. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  5. ^ Hawaii State Rugby Union Archived 2012-08-01 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Julia Steele, photos by Sergio Goes. "Cricket, Anyone?". Hana Hou! Vol. 11, No. 1 (February/March 2008).