Kapitan Keling Mosque

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kapitan Keling Mosque
Masjid Kapitan Keling
Kapitan Keling Mosque.jpg
Basic information
Location George Town, Penang, Malaysia
Affiliation Islam
Administration Penang Islamic Council
Architectural style Islamic, Mughal, Moorish
Founder Cauder Mohuddeen Merican
Completed 1801

The Kapitan Keling Mosque (Malay name: Masjid Kapitan Keling) is a mosque built in the 19th century by Indian Muslim traders in George Town, Penang, Malaysia.[1][2] It is situated on the corner of Lebuh Buckingham (Buckingham Street) and Jalan Masjid Kapitan Keling (Pitt Street). Being a prominent Islamic historic centre, it is part of the World Heritage Site of George Town and lies at the centre of the city's Tamil Muslim neighbourhood, the chulias. It is the first permanent Muslim institution to have been established in the area, dating from the early 1800's.[3] Cauder Mohuddeen Merican is known as the founder of the mosque and leader of the Chulias. He was referred to as 'Kapitan Kling'.[3]

"Keling" is a Malay term for people of Indian origin, nowadays considered offensive but not so considered at the time when the mosque was built. The "Kapitan " was a representative of the Indian community, like the "Kapitan Cina" for the Chinese community.

Another renovation in 1930 gave the Kapitan Keling Mosque its present appearance after the previous design was deemed impractical. In keeping with tradition, the mosque was not rebuilt, but only enlarged. Among the major work during this period included doubling the height of the central prayer hall, improvement to the ventilation system, and allowing more natural light to enter. The exterior is ochre yellowed while the interior had white marble floors and a high ceiling. The interior aisles are formed by a series of horseshoe arches, crowned with King Edward's plaques. The façade of the building and its interior were decorated with geometric designs, as human and animal forms are forbidden in Islam.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kapitan Keling Mosque
  2. ^ Visit Penang
  3. ^ a b Khoo Salma Nasution, The Chulia in Penang: Patronage and Place-making around the Kapitan Kling Mosque, 1786–1957. Penang: Areca Books, 2014. ISBN 9789675719158

External links[edit]

Media related to Kapitan Keling Mosque at Wikimedia Commons