Kapo (1960 film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kapo film.jpg
Italian film poster
Directed byGillo Pontecorvo
Produced byFranco Cristaldi
Moris Ergas
Written byGillo Pontecorvo
Franco Solinas
StarringSusan Strasberg
Laurent Terzieff
Emmanuelle Riva
Didi Perego
Music byCarlo Rustichelli
CinematographyAleksandar Sekulović
Distributed byCineriz
Release date
  • 29 September 1960 (1960-09-29) (Italy)
Running time
116 minutes

Kapò (Italian pronunciation: [kaˈpɔ]) is a 1960 Italian film about the Holocaust directed by Gillo Pontecorvo. It was nominated for the Academy Award as Best Foreign Language Film.[3] It was an Italian-French co-production filmed in Yugoslavia.


Naive 14-year-old Edith (Susan Strasberg) and her Jewish parents are sent to a concentration camp, where the latter are killed. Sofia (Didi Perego), an older, political prisoner, and a kindly camp doctor save her from a similar fate by giving her a new, non-Jewish identity, that of the newly dead Nichole Niepas.

As time goes by, she becomes hardened to the brutal life. She first sells her body to a German guard in return for food. She becomes fond of another guard, Karl (Gianni Garko). The fraternization helps her become a kapo, one of those put in charge of the other prisoners. She thrives while the idealistic Sofia grows steadily weaker.

When she falls in love with Sascha (Laurent Terzieff), a Russian prisoner of war, Edith is persuaded to play a crucial role in a mass escape, turning off the power. Most of the would-be escapees are killed, but some get away. Edith is not one of them. As she lies dying, she tells Karl, "They screwed us over, Karl, they screwed us both over." She dies saying the traditional Jewish prayer Shema Yisrael.


Critical reception[edit]

The authors of the Foreign Film Guide, Ronald Bergan and Robyn Karney, write:

What does one say about this effort? Pontecorvo has jam-packed his film with every kind of tear-jerking cliché on offer and entrusted the debasement and regeneration of his heroine to a sadly inept actress. The result is an overheated melodrama which does a grave disservice to the enormity of its subject, although the horrors of the camps are realistically portrayed".[4]

Bernard-Henri Lévy, in the Wall Street Journal, writes:

Pontecorvo earned "the deepest contempt" of French director Jacques Rivette in an article in Cahiers du cinéma nearly 50 years ago for a scarcely more insistent shot in the 1959 film "Kapo." The shot was of the raised hand of actress Emmanuelle Riva, her character Terese electrocuted on the barbed wire of the concentration camp from which she was trying to escape. The criticism hung over Pontecorvo until his dying day. He was ostracized, almost cursed, for a shot, just one.[5]

Lévy contrasts this reaction to one shot with what he asserts is the garish exploitation of Nazi history in Inglourious Basterds (2009) and Shutter Island (2010).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Erickson, Hal. "Kapò". Allmovie.
  2. ^ "Kapo". British Film Institute. London. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
  3. ^ "The 33rd Academy Awards (1961) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
  4. ^ Bergan, Ronald; Karney, Robyn (1988). Bloomsbury Foreign Film Guide. London: Bloomsbury. pp. 302–3. Published by Henry Holt, with a modified title, in the United States.
  5. ^ Bernard-Henri Lévy, "Hollywood's Nazi Revisionism", trans. Janet Lizop, Wall Street Journal, March 5, 2010.

External links[edit]