Kappa 77 KP 2U-SOVA
|KP-2U Skyleader 200|
|National origin||Czech Republic|
|Manufacturer||Kappa 77 a.s.
|First flight||26 May 1996|
|Number built||Over 210 by November 2010|
€66,100 flyaway, excluding tax (2010)
The Kappa 77 KP-2U Sova, later produced as the Jihlavan KP-2U Skyleader and most recently as the Jihlavan Skyleader, is a two-seat civil utility aircraft designed in the Czech Republic and available in kit form for home building. It is a conventional low-wing monoplane featuring all-metal construction and tricycle undercarriage.
Design and development
Jilhavan Aircraft built the Kappa Sova for Kappa 77 from 1997 to 2004 and obtained marketing rights in 2005 when Kappa became insolvent. They became a subsidiary of Skyleader Aircraft in 2008 when the type was redesignated Jihlavan Skyleader. It is an all-metal design apart from a carbon fibre cockpit frame. It has two-spar tapered wings with 6° of dihedral, electrically operated Fowler flaps and upturned Küchemann tips. The fin and rudder are swept. The straight tapered tailplane is set on top of the fuselage, the port elevator carrying a trim tab.
The original Sova/Skyleader 150 has staggered side-by-side configuration seating with the starboard seat 200 mm (8 in) aft of the other, but a widened fuselage allows the Skyleader 200 to have true side-by-side seating. The earlier version has a forward-hinged canopy with fixed rear transparencies; the Skyleader 200 has a single-piece canopy. Both these variants normally have an electrically actuated tricycle undercarriage with a steerable nosewheel, though a fixed version is an option and is standard on the later Skyleader 500 and 600 variants. The standard engine for the 150/200 variants is a 60 kW (80 hp) Rotax 912UL, though the more powerful Rotax 912ULS or Rotax 914 can be fitted, all driving a choice of two-blade propellers. The 500/600 variants can also use the Rotax 912 UL or Rotax 912S; the Jabiru 2200 or 3300 engines may also be fitted. The Skyleader 500/600 variants have three-blade propellers.
The Kappa 77 KP-2U Sova first flew on 26 May 1996 and the KP-5 Rapid 500 (later the Skyleader 500) in December 2003. Czech certification was achieved in September 1997 and March 2004 respectively. The Skyleader is produced in both kit and flyaway form.
Over 210 had been sold by November 2010. 145 Sovas and 12 Skyleaders appear on the civil registers of European countries, Russia excepted, in mid-2010.
Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 2011/12
- Skyleader 100
- Single-seat variant, with optional rectangular or trapezoidal wing planform and powered by a 64 hp (48 kW) Rotax 582 two-stroke engine. Was expected to be marketed starting in 2011 as a kit or complete aircraft.
- KP-2U Skyleader 150
- Originally called the Kappa 77 KP-2U Sova. Staggered side-by-side seating.
- KP-2 Skyleader 200
- Introduced 1996, with widened cockpit to 120 cm (47 in) for more elbow room with side-by-side seating. It features retractable landing gear.
- Rapid 200FC
- One-off hydrogen-powered via fuel cell and electric motor Skyleader 150 conversion, first flight 20 May 2010.
- KP-5 Skyleader 500
- S-LSA version, originally the KP-5 Rapid 500. FAA approved July 2005.
- Skyleader 400
- Light-sport aircraft version with a gull-winged canopy and re-designed engine cowling, introduced as a "mid-line model".
- Skyleader 600
- Light sport model introduced at AERO Friedrichshafen in 2010. It features a wider 128 cm (50 in) cockpit, revised wingtips and greater fuel capacity. Engines available include the 80 hp (60 kW) Rotax 912UL, the 100 hp (75 kW) Rotax 912ULS and the turbocharged 115 hp (86 kW) Rotax 914 four-stroke powerplants.
Accidents and incidents
In May 2016 a Skyleader 600 crashed in Rhoadesville, Virginia, United States, killing the two occupants of the aircraft. The Galaxy Rescue Systems ballistic parachute had been deployed, but the single front riser failed, leading to the parachute failure. The aircraft had been practicing slow flight and stalls and most likely entered a spin, from which the parachute was deployed. The aircraft was 50 lb (23 kg) over maximum weight at the time of the accident. The GRS parachute model had never been tested in the air on this aircraft design and had only been ground tested once. A new double front riser system is now in use.
Specifications (KP-2U Sova)
Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004
- Crew: one pilot
- Capacity: one passenger
- Length: 7.17 m (23 ft 6¾ in)
- Wingspan: 9.90 m (32 ft 5¾ in)
- Height: 2.60 m (8 ft 6¼ in)
- Wing area: 11.85 m² (127.6 ft²)
- Airfoil: NASA GA(W)-1 at root and GA(W)-2 at tip
- Empty weight: 285 kg (628 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 450 kg (990 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Rotax 912UL flat-four piston engine, two-blade propeller, 59.6 kW (79.9 hp)
- Maximum speed: 240 km/h (129 knots, 149 mph)
- Cruise speed: 200 km/h (108 knots, 124 mph)
- Stall speed: 48 km/h (26 knots, 30 mph)
- Range: 960 km (518 nmi, 596 mi)
- Rate of climb: 6.5 m/s (1,279 ft/min)
- Jackson, Paul (203). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 2003–04. Coulsdon, IK: Jane's Information Group. pp. 106–7. ISBN 978-0-7106-2537-3.
- Jackson, Paul (2011). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 2011–12. Coulsdon, Surrey: IHS Jane's. pp. 167–8. ISBN 978-0-7106-2955-5.
- Александър Богоявленски. "Ултралеки самолети Skyleader ще се сглобяват в София". BGONAIR. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- Partington, Dave (2010). European registers handbook 2010. Air Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 978-0-85130-425-0.
- Bayerl, Robby; Martin Berkemeier; et al: World Directory of Leisure Aviation 2011-12, page 76. WDLA UK, Lancaster UK, 2011. ISSN 1368-485X
- Tacke, Willi; Marino Boric; et al: World Directory of Light Aviation 2015-16, pages 80-81. Flying Pages Europe SARL, 2015. ISSN 1368-485X
- Federal Aviation Administration (21 June 2012). "SLSA Make/Model Directory". Archived from the original on 16 May 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
- Skyleader (2014). "Overview - Skyleader 400". Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- Grady, Mary (1 November 2017). "Chute Failure Cited In Fatal Crash". AVweb. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
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