Epoch J2000.0 Equinox J2000.0
|Right ascension||14h 59m 09.68494s|
|Declination||−42° 06′ 15.1069″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||+3.14|
|Spectral type||B2 IV|
|U−B color index||−0.805|
|B−V color index||−0.204|
|Variable type||Candidate β Cep|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||+8.0 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)||RA: −17.62 mas/yr
Dec.: −22.51 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||8.51 ± 0.54 mas|
|Distance||380 ± 20 ly
(118 ± 7 pc)
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||–2.2|
|κ Cen A|
|Mass||7.2 ± 0.5 M☉|
|Radius||4.4 ± 0.7 R☉|
|Surface gravity (log g)||4.02 ± 0.20 cgs|
|Temperature||19,800 ± 900 K|
|Rotational velocity (v sin i)||10 km/s|
|Age||18.2 ± 3.2 Myr|
|κ Cen B|
Kappa Centauri (κ Cen, κ Centauri) is a binary star in the southern constellation of Centaurus. With an apparent visual magnitude of +3.14, it can be viewed with the naked eye on a dark night. Parallax measurements place it at an estimated distance of 380 light-years (120 parsecs) from Earth.
This is a spectroscopic binary system where the presence of an orbiting companion is revealed by shifts in the absorption lines caused by the Doppler effect. The primary component is a huge star, with about seven times the Sun's mass and four times the Sun's radius. It has a stellar classification of B2 IV, indicating that it is in the subgiant stage of its stellar evolution. An effective temperature of 19,800 K in the outer envelope is what gives it the blue-white hue of a B-type star.
The primary is a candidate Beta Cephei variable that shows line-profile variations in its spectrum. However, the nature of the variability remains uncertain because of the binary nature of the system. As of 2007, the secondary component was separated from the primary by 0.128 arcseconds at a position angle of 156°. It has about 68% of the mass of the primary. This system is a proper motion member of the Upper-Centaurus Lupus sub-group in the Scorpius-Centaurus OB association, the nearest such co-moving association of massive stars to the Sun.
In Chinese, 騎官 (Qí Guān), meaning Imperial Guards, refers to an asterism consisting of κ Centauri, γ Lupi, δ Lupi, β Lupi, λ Lupi, ε Lupi, μ Lup, π Lupi, ο Lupi and α Lupi. Consequently, κ Centauri itself is known as 騎官三 (Qí Guān sān, English: the Third Star of Imperial Guards.). From this Chinese name, the name Ke Kwan was appeared.
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