|• Total||5,791 sq mi (14,999 km2)|
Kapuas Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Kapuas) is one of the thirteen regencies which divide the island of Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. Kuala Kapuas is the capital of Kapuas Regency. The population of Kapuas Regency is 329,646 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate (as at January 2014) is 352,977.
The total area of Kapuas Regency is 14,999 Square Km (9.77% of the area of Central Kalimantan Province), which is divided into two portions - the ebbtide and non-ebbtide area. The ebbtide area (generally in the south) has potential for food crop agriculture, while the non-ebbtide area (generally in the north) has potential for people and private rubber farms.
The areas bordering on Kapuas Regency are:
b. To the west, Pulang Pisau Regency
c. To the north, Gunung Mas Regency
d. T the south, the Java Sea.
In the north is a hilly area, with altitude ranging from 100 to 500 metres above sea level and with a gradient ranging from 8 to 15 degrees, and above that a mountainous area with a gradient ranging from 15 to 25 degrees. In the south is coastal land and marsh, with altitude ranging from 0 to 5 metres above sea level and with a gradient of between 0% and 8% and also be influenced by ebbtide; this area had vulnerability to flooding. Kapuas Regency also has a water territory (lake, marsh and some rivers).
Rivers in Kapuas Regency are:
1. Kapuas Murung River, with length ± 66,38 km
2. Kapuas River, with length ± 600,00 km
3. Coastal area of Java Sea, with length ± 189,85 km
Apoart from the above rivers, there are four canals in Kapuas Regency : Anjir Serapat with ± 28 km length(that connecting Kuala Kapuas with Banjarmasin, the region of Kalimantan Tengah with 14 km length and the region of Kalimantan Selatan with 14 km length); Anjir Kalampan with 14,5 km length(that connecting Mandomai as the capital of Kapuas Barat district with Pulang Pisau Regency that aim to Palangka Raya) Anjir Basarang with ± 24 km length(that connecting Kuala Kapuas with Pulang Pisau region) Anjir Tamban with ± 25 km length(that connecting Kuala Kapuas with Banjarmasin, the region of Kalimantan Tengah with 13 km length and the region of Kalimantan Selatan with 12 km length)
Generally, the climate of Kapuas Regency is tropical and damp with the average temperature ranged between 21 and 23 degree Celsius and the highest temperature reaching up to 36 degree Celsius. The most volume of rainfall is in April, with average 1525 mm every month, while the dry season is between June and September.
Kapuas Regency controls seventeen districts, 204 villages/wards consist of 190 villages and 14 wards. According to the category of village/ward (swadaya/tradisional, swakarya /transtitional and swasembada/ development), Kapuas Regency has 44 swadaya villages, 61 swakarya villages and 59 swasembada villages. From 204 villages/wards, there were 6 isolated villages/wards(2,94 percent) and 52 poor villages/wards (25,49 percent). According to the data in 2009, there were 190 village heads, 160 village secretaries, 950 village staffs, 14 ward heads and 14 ward secretaries.
The 2010 Census recorded 329,646 people, including 167,937 males (50.98%) and 161,503 females (49.02%). Based on the total area, the population density was 21.96 people/km2. Selat district has the high population density rate, about 507.43 people/km2. Mandau Talawang district has the small population density, about 4,05 people/km2.
In 2002, the existing Kapuas Regency (comprising 25 districts) was divided into three regencies (Kapuas, Pulang Pisau and Gunung Mas), so the total population was divided between these three regencies. At present, the total population of Kapuas regencies (in this publication) takes the data of population from year of 1999 until year of 2010. The composition and the spreading of population still not flatten because the existence of most people lives around the capital of regency and district.
- Muslim 81.7%
- Protestant 11.9%
- Hindu 1.3%
- Roman Catholic 0.3%
- Buddhist 0.0%
- Confucian 0.0%
- Other 4.8%
- Not stated or not asked 0.1%
Education is one of development sector that getting priority by government (referring The 1945 Constitution mandate, as stated in article no 31 point 2), with final purpose to increase quality of human resource of Indonesia. The general picture of the education condition in Kapuas Regency is reflected in quantity of schools, students and teachers. The amount of Kindergarten school is 147 schools, 390 teachers and 4.181 students in 2009. In 2010, the amount of Primary school is 390 schools (include Private school), 2.736 teachers and 40.714 students, with ratio of student to teachers about 14,88 students/teacher(one teacher teaches not more than 15 students).
Number of Junior High school (state and private school) is 86 schools, 1.085 teachers, 9.667 students and 465 classroom. Number of Senior High school (state and private school) is 25 schools, 636 teachers and 5.886 students.
The development and construction of health facilities to satisfy the need of people, like public health center (PUSKESMAS), public health sub-center (POSYANDU) annually show increasing figures. Total of the doctor in 2010 is 38 doctors, and the ratio of doctor to population was relatively at unexpected level because the doctor had to serve up to 8.669 people.
Agricultural sector contributes significantly to the Groos Domestic Regional Product Kapuas Regency as well as to provide jobs, and also makes Kapuas Regency becomes paddy mow for Central Kalimantan Province.
Food Crop In 2009 and 2109, productivity of food crops (wet land paddy and dry land paddy) has increased. 105.601 hectares of area harvested in 2009 has increased to 112.212 hectares of area harvested in 2109, with paddy productivity 318.177 tons in 2009 has increased to 322.393 tons in 2010(0,01 percent). Others commodity, like, tree cassava has increasing productivity, but peanuts, creep, corn, and fruits has decreasing productivity.
Estate Crops and Forestry For the sub-sector of estates crop in Kapuas Regency (rubber, coffee and coconut) shows the decreasing of productivity in 2010, its because of uncertain weather. And the increasing of productivity also happened in forestry sub-sector.
Animal Husbandry and Fishery The sub-sector of animal husbandry shows the increasing population for buffalo, egged chicken and duck, and also, the productivity of marine fisheries and inland fisheries show increasing productivity.
- Phone Directory in Kapuas Regency
- INFORMASI KAPUAS
- KAPUAS ZONE
- KUALA KAPUAS
- Kapuas Media Network
- Official Website of Local Government
- General Hospital of Kapuas Regency
- Indonesian Medical Association Branch Kapuas
- Photos about Kapuas
- Indonesia Redcross Branch Kapuas