Kara Tepe refugee camp

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Child refugee drawing from Kara Tepe

Kara Tepe (Greek: Καρά Τεπέ, from Turkish for "black hill") is located about 2.5 km to the north of Mytilene, the capital of the island of Lesbos.[1] The camp is managed by the Municipality of Mytilene and UNHCR in collaboration with the NGOs that operate there. The Site Manager is Mr. Michail Batzakis.

The purpose of the camp is to provide temporary housing for asylum seekers as they await their registration processes.[2] Kara Tepe was the overflow site for Moria Refugee Camp, the main registration center in Greece, and Europe's biggest refugee camp,[3] known as a 'hotspot' established by the Greek government through which new arrivals would be processed.[4] Initially, refugees were mandated to spend a minimum of 25 days in the Moria camp before being transferred to Kara Tepe,[5] however due to the overcrowding of the Moria camp, most stayed much longer.

Child drawing from Kara Tepe

Kara Tepe's mandate is to accommodate vulnerable families. The majority of individuals living in the camp are of Afghani, Iraqi or Syrian origin.[2] According to a survey conducted in December 2016, asylum seekers spent an average of four months at the Kara Tepe camp.[1] Asylum seekers living in Kara Tepe are able to leave and reenter the site daily. The services at the site are run, in large part, by several NGOs, among them: IRC, Médecins du Monde, METAdrasi, SOS Villages, Caritas, Movement on the Ground and Because we Carry. Médecins Sans Frontières has a clinic in Mytilini that serves patients from the Kara Tepe camp who are referred to them by outreach teams.[6]

While Kara Tepe has been lauded for its infrastructure and community-like atmosphere,[5] the residents of Kara Tepe and the administration of the camp still face a great deal of challenges. Such challenges include: inadequate access to electricity, limited space and resources for food preparation, restrictions on employment, and lack of targeted mental health interventions for youth.[citation needed]

In August 2017, Kara Tepe's accommodation capacity was expanded by 56% to make room for up to 1300 persons. UNHCR reported that 260 new accommodation units had been installed at the camp in 2017.[7]

After the September 2020 fire destroyed the Moria camp, Kara Tepe became the main camp on Lesbos for refugees and asylum seekers. The Greek government then approved the construction of a new closed reception centre at Vastria (near the village of Nees Kydonies) to be completed by late 2021.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Asylum Seekers in lesvos, Greece, 2016-2017 (PDF Download Available)". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  2. ^ a b Krikigianni, Christina (2016). "What Are the Reasons that Refugee Children Seek Emergency Health Care in Lesbos Island, Greece: A Cross-sectional study; Primary Data Collection" (PDF). Uppsala University.
  3. ^ "Oxfam condemns EU over 'inhumane' Lesbos refugee camp". The Guardian. 2019-01-09.
  4. ^ Wain, John F. 2017. “Shelter for Refugees Arriving in Greece, 2015-17.” Forced Migration Review 55. Accessed October 29, 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Searching for Dignity and Work in Kara Tepe Refugee Camp". KENNEDY SCHOOL REVIEW. 2017-07-13. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  6. ^ "Greece: MSF activity update – December 2017 | Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) International". Retrieved 2018-01-03.
  7. ^ Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "More speed needed to help refugees stranded in Greek islands". UNHCR. Retrieved 2018-01-03.
  8. ^ "Λέσβος / Ετοιμάζουν κλειστή δομή για τους πρόσφυγες στη Βάστρια" [Lesvos / They are preparing a closed structure for the refugees in Vastria]. Αυγή (in Greek). 2020-11-30. Retrieved 2020-12-10.