Karachi Grammar School
|Karachi Grammar School|
Let the Unlearned Learn
|School type||Independent school, Church school, Day school, Selective school|
Church of Pakistan (formerly Church of England)
|Founder||The Rev. Henry Brereton, M.A.|
|Principal||Mr. C. N. Wrigley, M.B.E.|
|Age||3 to 19|
|Motto||Lucerna Meis Pedibus
A light to my feet
www.ogs.com.pk (Unofficial and obsolete)
Karachi Grammar School commonly known as KGS or Grammar School by students, is an independent, English-medium school in Saddar, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. It is a highly selective, coeducational day school (formerly day/boarding school) serving approximately 2,400 students aged between three and nineteen years.
Established in 1847 by the Reverend Henry Brereton, the first chaplain of Karachi, as a school for "English and Anglo-Indo children", it is the oldest private school in Pakistan and the second oldest in South Asia, a member of the Winchester International Symposium and a former member of the Headmaster's Conference.
Since the 1980s, Karachi Grammar School has expanded from a school with a population of a few hundred students to a large institution that now occupies three sites and teaches more than two thousand students.
Karachi Grammar School was founded as the Anglo-Indian School in 1847. It remained the only non-native school in the town until the founding of St Patrick's High School was founded in 1861, followed by St. Joseph's Convent School, Karachi in 1862 and Manora School in 1866. Reverend Henry Brereton, the First Chaplain of Karachi, established the school and provided the early accommodation for the school at his private residence, with the first classes taking place in his kitchen. The class formed by the Chaplain was at first small enough to be accommodated in this modest premises, however the smooth running of this school over the next seven years was disturbed by rumours of Brereton not being a "good master" and his performance as a manager unsatisfactory.
Looking into this matter, on 27 July 1854 the Commissioner Bartle Frere summoned a public meeting with a view of establishing an institution that provided 'good secular instruction to children of all sects'. In this meeting funds were collected through subscriptions to establish a school, a managing committee was appointed and rules were framed that later became the basis for the present Constitution of KGS. It was the newly appointed managing committee that decided to purchase the Mess House of Her Majesty's 64th Regiment at No. 24 Depot Lines, which is at the site of the present day Middle School. The reorganized school was formally opened on 1 November 1854 as "The Kurrachee European and Indo-European School".
1854–1914: Early years
The school continued on its regular course with a small student body of around 40 children. In 1874, Reverend G. B. Streeton, then Chaplain of Karachi and Hon. Secretary of the School suggested a plan that included expanding the school premises and securing a title deed for the land the school was to occupy, which could only be completed by August 1890 due to complications regarding the governments rights to resumption of cantonment land.
Streeton raised Rs. 47,918, which enabled his plan to go ahead. Captain Thomas F Dowden of the Royal Bombay Engineers was commissioned to make the architectural drawings for the new building. The new school building was opened for boarders on 27 February 1875 by Sir William Merewether, Commissioner-in-Sind at that time. The roll of children was 75 in 1875 and 90 children in 1876 with six teachers, implying a pupil-teacher ratio of 15:1.
During the following years, the school flourished. It was endowed with a library in memory of a local doctor. In 1879, the school was renamed from "The Kurrachee European and Indo-European School" to "Karachi Grammar School".
During 1901 the school went through a difficult time after the headmaster, Mr. Taylor, was forced into resignation by the school's managing committee; the number of students decreased considerably over the course of the following year. Taylor opened his own school named "Taylor High School". In 1902 Taylor returned along with the pupils from his private school. During the next three years the school improved academically; however, it struggled financially, barely affording the employees. In 1910 the school received a grant of Rs.2000, which continued over the next thirty years and rescued it from financial crisis.
In 1912, Bernard Tobin was the first pupil to take, and pass, the Cambridge School Certificate Examination. Additionally, this year marked the first scouts enrolled from the school. Towards the end of 1914, construction began on the third storey of the school, and students were temporarily taught in a building on Mereweather Road, which was given free of cost. The total count of students had reached 151.
The school has an admissions process in place for all the levels of education it offers, including registration with the need to provide proof of identity and details of siblings or parental history in relation to the school. The school is divided between the kindergarten section, junior section, middle section, and college section, with only the start of each section being open for admissions. Furthermore, only individuals in a certain age range may be admitted to each section. The admissions process includes an interview and a test for all sections, except kindergarten. The subjects of the tests are English, mathematics, and Urdu, with general sciences being an additional subject for the college section. The acceptance rate is quite low, below 20%.
Academics and curriculum
Karachi Grammar School gives its students 15 years of education on its three different sites. The Kindergarten and Junior sections are accommodated in one site located in Clifton, with students spending their Nursery, Prep, 1st and 2nd Classes in the Kindergarten Section and Classes 3–6 in its Junior Section. Children spend three years in Classes 7–9 in the Middle School located on the Old Saddar site. On the senior level, KGS is geared towards preparing students for GCE Ordinary Level, Advanced Subsidiary Level, and Advanced Level examinations.
Subjects taught at KGS include Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Additional Mathematics, Further Mathematics, Biology, Computer Studies, Computing, Pakistan Studies, Urdu, Islamiyat, English Literature, English Language, Economics, Accounts, Business Studies, World History, Art, World Geography, Psychology and Sociology.
In the Junior Section, extra-curricular activities available include sports, music, swimming, a school choir, scouts and girl guides, community service, etc. For the middle section, activities and events are organized through clubs and societies, such as the biology and history clubs, and the Helper's Society. At the college section, there are several societies and clubs, ranging from the Eastern Music Society to the Drama Council and from the Einstein Society to the Helper's Society.
Public speaking and debating
Karachi Grammar School is also known for its Model United Nations team. It entered competitions including LUMUN (Pakistan's largest international Model United Nations conference, hosting over 1200 delegates), where the school team won in 2008, 2009, 2012 and most recently, in 2015. Karachi Grammar School also took part in Harvard Model United Nations 2012 in Beijing, China, winning the 'Best Large Delegation' award. In August of the same year Karachi Grammar School sent a 12-member delegation to Hyderabad, India to attend the 2nd session of the Harvard Model United Nations India. Once more the delegation received the overall Best Large Delegation Award out of over 100 delegations and 800 delegates. This made the school the winner at both of Harvard's international high-school MUN conferences (China and India). In the following years, KGS was once again declared the Best Large Delegation at Harvard MUN India 2013 and Harvard MUN China 2014, 2015. Recently they won Best International Delegation at HMUN Boston 2016 sustaining an undefeated streak at international MUN conferences.
The four school houses are:
- Henry Bartle Frere, Bt., G.C.B.)
Motto: Fortiter, Fideliter, Feliciter (Latin)
Motto in English: Bravely, Faithfully, Happily
Mascot: Native American
Frere (for Sir
- Charles James Napier, G.C.B.)
Motto: Universi Stamus (Latin)
Motto in English: In Unity Lies Strength
Napier (for Gen. Sir
Motto: Virtus Vincit Omnia (Latin)
Motto in English: Virtue Conquers All
Papworth (for a former principal, Leonard Papworth, M.B.E.)
Motto: Excelsior (Latin)
Motto in English: Ever Upwards
Streeton (for the Rev. G. B. Streeton, M.A.)
The house system was introduced in 1929 and the houses were originally known as A, B and C; the following year the house names were changed to Napier, Frere and Streeton respectively.
|Abdurrahman Wahid||Non-graduating||Former President of Indonesia|||
|Asif Ali Zardari||Expelled||Former President of Pakistan|||
|Bilawal Bhutto Zardari||Non-graduating||Co-Chairman of the Pakistan People's Party son of former President of Pakistan, Asif Ali Zardari and former Prime Minister of Pakistan, Benazir Bhutto|||
|Arif Naqvi||Businessman, founder of The Abraaj Group|||
|Rayid Ghani||Academic, Director of the Center for Data Science and Public Policy at the University of Chicago|
|Nadeem F. Paracha||1983||Journalist, cultural critic, satirist, short story writer|||
|Nadia Zaffar||Dawn News anchor, producer|||
|Faizan S. Syed||Businessman, CEO of HTV|
|Sahibzada Muhammad Usman Khan Abbasi||Prince, Member of the Provincial Assembly for Bahawalpur in the Punjab Provincial Assembly 1987-2002, Deputy Speaker 1993-1997|||
|Nawabzada Muhammad Aslam Khanji Moin ud-din Khanji Babi||Heir apparent to the kingdom of Bantva Manavadar, cricketer|
|Sahibzada Muhammad Idrees Khanji Moin ud-din Khanji Babi||Prince|
|Atta ur Rahman||1960||Organic chemist; Fellow Royal Society of London; Federal Minister for Science and Technology|||
|Benazir Bhutto||1969||Former Prime Minister of Pakistan and first elected female head of state of the Muslim World.|||
|Chaudhary Muhammad Ali||Nuclear physicist; Political-defence analyst|||
|Dail Jones||1959||New Zealand politician; member of the New Zealand First party, was a former party president|||
|Princess Sarvath al-Hassan||Princess, husband was once Crown Prince of Jordan|||
|Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi||Politician; acting Prime Minister of Pakistan|||
|Sahibzadi Bima Shri Iman Bakhte||Princess|||
|Ambassador Thomas W. Simons, Jr.||Former ambassador and Visiting Scholar at Harvard's Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies|||
|Navin Rizwi||2003||Producer, Emmy Nominee|||
|Sardar Muhammad Amin Khan||Imperial prince, businessman|
|Hameed Haroon||CEO Dawn Media Group|||
|Hussain Haroon||Pakistani ambassador to the United Nations|||
|Jamil Dehlavi||Film director and producer|||
|Kumail Nanjiani||1997||Comedian, actor|||
|Maliha Lodhi||Pakistani political scientist, diplomat, columnist, and military strategist; former High Commissioner of Pakistan to the United Kingdom; former Pakistani Ambassador to the United States; Permanent Representative of Pakistan to the United Nations, the first women to hold the position|||
|Murtaza Bhutto||1971||Politician; senior member of Pakistan Peoples Party|||
|Ameena Saiyid OBE||Publisher|||
|Sahibzada Mahfooz Mustafa Khan||Prince, artist and painter|
|Sahibzada Sidi Taimur Muhammad Mustafa||Prince, gas executive|
|Nafisa Shah||1986||Member of National Assembly, Chair of the National Commission for Human Development, General Secretary of the Women’s Parliamentary Caucus|||
|Nazia Hassan||Pop singer|||
|Pervez Hoodbhoy||Nuclear physicist; Political-defence analyst|||
|Tapu Javeri||Radio host, photographer, jewellery designer|
|Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy||1997||Documentarian, Journalist, two time Academy Award winner, five time Emmy winner|||
|Sherry Rehman||Former Pakistani Ambassador to the United States, former Editor of Herald Magazine|||
|Waheed Murad||1954||Actor, producer, scriptwriter|||
- Mr. C. N. Wrigley, M.B.E., B.Sc. (Dunelm.), M.Ed. (Bham.), F.Coll.T. is the Principal.
- Mrs. M. Shaikhali is the Headmistress of the Middle Section.
- Mrs. N. Siddiqui is the Headmistress of the Kindergarten and Junior Section.
- Mr. R. A. Ponsford is the Headmaster of the College Section.
- "History of KGS".
- "Mission Statement of KGS".
- Karachi Grammar School. University of Cambridge Fellowship Centres
- "Pakistan Stamps".
- "Education and the Origins of KGS", The Life and Times of Karachi Grammar School (Published 2010), pages 16–19.
- New Beginnings,1874-9, "The Life and Times of Karachi Grammar School" (Published 2010) Pages 20–23
- Karachi Grammar School 1847–1988, (Published 1988) Pages 26–29.
- Karachi Grammar School 1847–1988 (published 1988), pages 30–32.
- "KINDERGARTEN ADMISSION – 2012". Karachi Grammar School. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- "JUNIOR SECTION ADMISSION – 2012". Karachi Grammar School. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- "MIDDLE SECTION ADMISSION- 2012". Karachi Grammar School. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- "COLLEGE SECTION ADMISSION - 2012". Karachi Grammar School. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- "Karachi Grammar School".
- Subject taught at KGS
- "Co-curricular". Karachi Grammar School. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- "Middle Section: Co-curricular". Karachi Grammar School. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- "Co-Curricular Activities". Karachi Grammar School. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- World Schools Debating Championships
- History of Karachi Grammar School
- Barton, Greg (2002). Abdurrahman Wahid: Muslim Democrat, Indonesian President. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press. ISBN 978-0-86840-405-9.
- Feature in She Magazine Pakistan/
- Profile: Atta-ur-Rehman
- "Obituary: Benazir Bhutto, 1953–2007". The Times. 27 December 2007. Retrieved 20 January 2008.
- Benazir Bhutto – Biography
- Interview with Dr. Pervez Hoodbhoy Canada, February 2000
- "Leader's Letter", November 2002. New Zealand First.
- "Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi".
- Blue Chip Magazine: Contributor Biographies
- Kamila Shamsie
- Lodhi, Maleeha (1994). Pakistan's encounter with democracy. Vanguard. ISBN 978-9694022567.
- "Murtaza Bhutto".
- Nazia Hassan – The Musical Story
- Interview with Dr. Pervez Hoodbhoy Canada, February 2000
- Pakistani Women are Progressive The Hindu 22 December 2003. Retrieved 27 January 2012
- Sharing her View of Humanity The Guardian 4 June 2007. Retrieved 27 January 2012
- "Waheed Murad". Daily Dawn. Retrieved 10 September 2008.