Left to right: Entrance • Courtyard • Flamingoes • Reptile House
|Location||Nishtar Road, Garden West, |
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
|Land area||33 acres (130,000 m2)|
|No. of animals||~880|
|No. of species||~80|
|Annual visitors||0.1 million (2001)|
The Karachi Zoo (Urdu: کراچی چڑیاگھر; Sindhi: ڪراچي زو چڙيا گهر), also known as Karachi Zoological and Botanical Gardens, is located in Garden West, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. It is the largest zoo of Pakistan and second oldest zoo in the country after Lahore Zoo.
Karachi Zoo, established in year 1878, was commonly called as 'Mahatma Gandhi Garden'. Earlier in 1861, the zoo was transferred to municipality by the British Indian government. In 1878, the municipality placed the zoo under a trust to be developed out of public subscription. Later, the zoo was once again opened to public in 1881. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the name was changed to 'Karachi Zoological Gardens' or 'Karachi Zoo' for short. In 1953, Karachi Metropolitan Corporation introduced a zoo curator and a qualified veterinary doctor. In 1991-2 CDGK for remodelling of Natural History Museum, which was carried out. In 1992, the Japanese Princess inaugurated the remodeled Natural History Museum. In 2008, total employees of Karachi Zoo is about 240 staff members.
Areas and attractions
- Elephant House is the most famous exhibit in the zoo. A 65-year-old Asian elephant, named 'Anarkali', died on 19 July 2006. Two female African bush elephants arrived at the zoo on 16 May 2010 from Karachi Safari Park. Both were born in Tanzania in 2007 and have been named 'Noor Jahan' and 'Madhu Bala'.
- Natural History Museum, renovated in 1992, is one of the more famous attractions in Karachi Zoo. Apart from stuffed animals, skins, antlers, horns and feathers etc. are also placed on display in the museum. The facility is used by zoology students for research and educational purposes.
- Reptile House was extended and renovated in 1992. It is one of the few reptile houses in Pakistan. There are 13 species of snakes and lizards. Newly born hatchlings of testudines and crocodilians are also exhibited.
- Veterinary Hospital was established in 1998 in Karachi Zoo with modern diagnostic facilities. There is an operation theatre, equipped with X-ray and sonogram facilities, multiple sick bays, a laboratory and an incubation room.
- Mughal Garden, established in 1970, has green lawns with seasonal plants that occupy a major part of the garden accompanied with Mughal-style fountains. The garden is famous for different varieties of roses and other flowers that are exhibited there.
- White Lions, purchased in 2012 and a big draw for the zoo, are a part of a breeding programme.
Karachi Municipal Aquarium
Karachi Municipal Aquarium was constructed in 1953. Located inside the Karachi Zoo, the aquarium has a total of 28 tanks which contain a total of around 300 fishes of about 30 species. It is one of the three public aquaria in Karachi, the other two being Clifton Fish Aquarium and Landhi Korangi Aquarium.
Controversies and criticism
The treatment and conditions of the animals in the zoo has been criticized in the Pakistani media.
Another reason Karachi Zoo has developed a negative reputation because of multiple deaths of resident species of Arabian oryx, classified as critically endangered by IUCN. A pair was bought from a private farm in 2007. The female gave birth to a female in 2007 and later, to a male and a female in 2008, both of which died in 2009. The first-born oryx gave birth on March 12, 2010 to another calf, who died the following day. Four days later, the mother of the calf also died in the zoo hospital. At that point, the zoo was left with the original pair from 2007. On March 23, 2010, the female of the pair, who was being treated for a foot injury at the zoo hospital for a week, also died.
In April 2016, a 16-year-old Bengal tiger named Alex died in the zoo due to kidney failure while being diagnosed. Now the zoo is left with only one female tiger named Rachel. Zoo has requested the government for a new male tiger for zoo. Earlier the same month zoo lost three young Blackbucks in a fight within the enclosure during the night, as the zookeepers are only present in daytime, there was no one to take care of the animals when the incident happened. Three newborn Puma cubs have also died in the zoo.
- "Karachi Zoological Garden". Wildlife of Pakistan. 2004. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
- Entertainment Unlimited at Karachi Zoo Dawn, 22 December 2008, Retrieved 17 August 2020
- Koehl, Dan. "Karachi Zoo in Pakistan". Koehl D, Elephant Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 16 May 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
- "Karachi: Garden and parks". tourismsouthasia.com. Archived from the original on 6 May 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
- Karachi Zoo Daily Times, 24 March 2019, Retrieved 17 August 2020
- Karachi Zoo's last female oryx also dies Dawn, 23 March 2010, Retrieved 17 August 2020
- Faiza Ilyas (17 March 2010). "Karachi zoo loses another Arabian oryx". Dawn. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
- Tragic end: Karachi zoo loses tiger to kidney failure The Express Tribune, 29 April 2016, Retrieved 17 August 2020
- Karachi: 3 deer in zoo died mysteriously Abb Takk TV News, 11 April 2016, Retrieved 17 August 2020
- Birthday celebrations as Zoo turns 150 years old Pakistan Observer, 23 July 2020, Retrieved 17 August 2020
- Sheharyar Ali (16 March 2017). "Karachi Zoo welcomes new pair of bears". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
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