Karagwe District

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Karagwe District
The Karagwe District.
The Karagwe District.
Location in north west Tanzania
Location in north west Tanzania
Karagwe District is located in Tanzania
Karagwe District
Karagwe District
Location of Dar es Salaam
Karagwe District is located in Africa
Karagwe District
Karagwe District
Karagwe District (Africa)
Karagwe District is located in Earth
Karagwe District
Karagwe District
Karagwe District (Earth)
Coordinates: 1°30′07″S 30°59′24″E / 1.5020°S 30.9900°E / -1.5020; 30.9900
 • Total425,476
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Area code(s)028
WebsiteRegional website

Karagwe is one of the eight districts of the Kagera Region of Tanzania. It is bordered to the north by Uganda, to the east by the Bukoba Rural District, to the southeast by the Muleba District, to the south by the Ngara District and to the west by Rwanda, from which it is divided by the River Kagera.

According to the 2002 Tanzania National Census, the population of Karagwe District was 425,476.

To get to the Karagwe region the easiest way is taking a bus. To get around use dalla-dallas (small buses) or piki-pikis (motorbikes)

Small lakes such as the Ikimba, Burigi, Rushwa, and Rwakajunju provide fishing opportunities for residents of the Karagwe District.


The present day Karagwe district in Tanzania, was part of a greater kingdom called the Karagwe Kingdom. The Karagwe kingdom was part of the many Great Lakes Kingdoms, in East Africa. Like many other Great Lakes kingdoms, the Karagwe people, known as Abanyambo, claim inheritance from the ancient Kitara empire, ruled by a dynasty known as the Bachwezi.

The first indigenous leader of Karagwe kingdom before the coming of Ruhinda's generation was Nono Marinja (Nono ya Marinja). This indigenous leader was from one of Nyambo clans "Abasiita". His clan was therefore the luring clan before Hamtik's arrival in this centralized state in the interlacustrine region.

The Karagwe kingdom reached its apex during the 19th century. Archaeological evidence suggests that growth occurred during the early part of the 1800s. King Ndagara came to power around 1820 and ruled until 1853, at which time he was replaced by Rumanyika. The area has strong linguistic and historical ties to the Bugandan states to the north and to central African symbolic forms.[1]

Near the end of the 18th century, Karagwe's prosperity became well known and traders came to barter salt, pepper, oranges, copper, and millet for local goods. Around 1800, beans and cooking bananas were introduced from Uganda. Early in the 1840s, Arabs arrived and trade flourished, especially the slave trade. The cowrie was introduced as hard currency and many new crops were introduced (e.g. sweet banana, tomatoes, maize, cassava, pawpaw, vegetables and citrus fruits).

Throughout the 1890s, Karagwe was ravaged by local wars, epidemics, and pests. The outbreak of rinderpest and smallpox reduced human and livestock population. Tribal wars were eventually settled by the German authorities in Bukoba). Around 1900, commercial coffee growing was introduced by the Germans, which was further developed under British rule. Coffee production was mainly sold in Great Britain. In 1935, coffee processing industries in Bukoba were established by the Indians. During and after the Second World War, the first farmer associations were established and many farmers migrated from Bukoba to Karagwe. During the late 1990s, 165,000 refugees from Rwanda were divided over five camps in the Karagwe District.


There are many sub-groups but the main tribe in Karagwe is Nyambo, who call themselves Abanyambo. They can also be referred to as Wanyambo and they speak Kinyambo.


Karagwe District is administratively divided into 29 wards:

  1. Bugene
  2. Bugomora
  3. Bweranyange
  4. Igurwa
  5. Ihanda
  6. Ihembe
  7. Isingiro
  8. Kaisho
  9. Kamuli
  10. Kanoni
  11. Kayanga
  12. Kibingo
  13. Kibondo
  14. Kihanga
  15. Kimuli
  16. Kiruruma
  17. Kituntu
  18. Kyerwa
  19. Mabira
  20. Murongo
  21. Ndama
  22. Nkwenda
  23. Nyabiyonza
  24. Nyaishozi
  25. Nyakahanga
  26. Nyakakika
  27. Nyakabanga
  28. Achapa
  29. Chabuhora
  30. Nyakasimbi
  31. Rugu
  32. Rwabwere


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 1°30′07″S 30°59′24″E / 1.5020°S 30.9900°E / -1.5020; 30.9900