Karaikkal Ammaiyar

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Ammaiyar gets mango from Shiva

Karaikal Ammaiyar (born Punītavatī), meaning "The Revered Mother of Karaikal", is one of the three women amongst the 63 Nayanmars and one of the greatest figures of early Tamil literature. She was born in Karaikal, South India, and probably lived during the 5th century AD.[1] She was a devotee of Shiva.[2][3]

Early life[edit]

Karaikkal Ammaiyar,Karaikkal

Karaikal was a maritime trading city in Chola Nadu. Ammaiyar, whose original name was Punitavati, was born to Dhanadattan in a merchant community known as Nattukottai Nagarathar (also Known as Nattukottai Chettiar).[4][5][6] She was married to Paramadattan, a wealthy merchant from Nagapattinam.

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kōmati Cūriyamurtti (2003). Kāraikkālammaiyār (in Tamil). Sahitya Akademi (1st ed.). ISBN 81-260-1645-0.
  2. ^ V. K. Subramanian. 101 Mystics of India. Abhinav Publications, 2006 - Hindus - 219 pages. p. 33.
  3. ^ Rajarajan, R.K.K. (2018) Recollection of Memories: Hymns of Kāraikkālammaiyār - South Indian Śaiva Iconography. In Sudipa Ray Bandyopadhyay and Swati Mondal Adhikari, eds. Śaiva Iconography: A Facet of Indian Art and Culture. Kolkata: Sagnik Books, pp. 73-92 & 141-147 (Pl.VII.1-13). https://www.academia.edu/37515115/Recollection_of_Memories_Hymns_of_K%C4%81raikk%C4%81lammaiy%C4%81r_-_South_Indian_%C5%9Aaiva_Iconography
  4. ^ "Nagarathar children trace their roots". The Hindu. 16 August 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2017.
  5. ^ "Welcome to Nagarathar Ikkiya Sangam". nagaratharikkiyasangam.org. Retrieved 28 August 2017.
  6. ^ "Karaikkal Ammaiyar Temple, Karaikkal | Aalayangal Arputhangal | 04/01/2016 | Puthuyugam TV". YouTube. Puthuyugam TV. 4 January 2016.

References[edit]

  • Dallapiccola, Anna. Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1)
  • Karavelane (in French). Kareikkalammeiyar, oeuvres editees et traduites, institut francais d'indologie, Pondicherry (1956)
  • Jagadeesan, N. The Life and Mission of Karaikkal Ammaiyar Bhattacharya, N.N. [ed] Medieval Bhakti Movements in India Munishiram Manoharlal, New Delhi (1989), pages 149–161
  • Rajarajan, R.K.K. (2018) Recollection of Memories: Hymns of Kāraikkālammaiyār - South Indian Śaiva Iconography. In Sudipa Ray Bandyopadhyay and Swati Mondal Adhikari, eds. Śaiva Iconography: A Facet of Indian Art and Culture. Kolkata: Sagnik Books, pp. 73–92 & 141-147 (Pl.VII.1-13). ISBN 978-93-84101-40-4.
  • Schouten, Jan Peter (in Dutch). Goddelijke vergezichten – mystiek uit India voor westerse lezers, Ten Have b.v., Baarn, the Netherlands (1996), ISBN 90-259-4644-5
  • de Bruijn, Peter. Kāraikkālammaiyār: Part 1: An iconographical and textual study; Part 2: Poems for Siva (ISBN 978-90-811564-1-7) 2007. 147 pp. colour, B/W plates.
  • Craddock, Elaine Śiva's Demon Devotee: Kāraikkāl Ammaiyār, SUNY Press, Albany (2010), ISBN 978-1-4384-3087-4
  • McGlashan, Alastair The History of The Holy Servants of the Lord Siva, page 161 Trafford (2006), ISBN 978-1-4120-7914-3
  • Das, Sisir Kumar (2005). A History of Indian Literature, 500-1399: From Courtly to the Popular. 6. Sahitya Akademi. p. 31. ISBN 9788126021710.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Parayi petta panthirukulam