Karakallou Monastery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Karakallou Monastery
Μονή Καρακάλλου
Karakallou.jpg
External view of the monastery.
Karakallou Monastery is located in Mount Athos
Karakallou Monastery
Location within Mount Athos
Monastery information
Full nameHoly Monastery of Karakallou
Establishedearly 11th century
Dedicated toSt. Peter and St. Paul
DioceseMount Athos
People
Founder(s)Elder Karakalas
PriorArchimandrite Elder Philotheus
Important associated figuresPrince of Wallachia John-Peter
Site
LocationMount Athos, Greece
Coordinates40°13′26″N 24°18′30″E / 40.2239°N 24.3083°E / 40.2239; 24.3083Coordinates: 40°13′26″N 24°18′30″E / 40.2239°N 24.3083°E / 40.2239; 24.3083
Visible remainsskull of the Apostle Bartholomew and of St Christopher, and a fragment of the True Cross
Public accessMen only

The Karakallou Monastery (Greek: Μονή Καρακάλλου) is an Eastern Orthodox monastery at the monastic state of Mount Athos in Greece. It stands on the south-eastern side of the peninsula and ranks eleventh in the hierarchy of the Athonite monasteries. The monastery has 50 working monks, and its library holds 330 manuscripts, and about 3,000 printed books.

History[edit]

It was founded in the 11th century. In the 13th century, as a result of the activity of pirates and Latins, Karakallou was totally deserted.

By the end of the 15th century according to the Russian pilgrim Isaiah, the monastery was Albanian.[1] The monastery was rebuilt in the 16th century by Moldavian voievod Peter IV Rareș.

References[edit]

  1. ^ A. E. Bakalopulos (1973). History of Macedonia, 1354-1833. [By] A.E. Vacalopoulos. p. 166. At the end of the 15th century, the Russian pilgrim Isaiah relates that the monks support themselves with various kinds of work including the cultivation of their vineyards....He also tells us that nearly half the monasteries are Slav or Albanian. As Serbian he instances Docheiariou, Grigoriou, Ayiou Pavlou, a monastery near Ayiou Pavlou and dedicated to St. John the Theologian (he no doubt means the monastery of Ayiou Dionysiou), and Chilandariou. Panteleïmon is Russian, Simonopetra is Bulgarian, and Karakallou and Philotheou are Albanian.

External links[edit]

Media related to Karakalou monastery at Wikimedia Commons