Karakurt-class corvette

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Ураган пр. 22800.jpg
Corvette Mytishchi underway
Class overview
Name: Karakurt class
Builders:
Operators:  Russian Navy
Preceded by: Buyan class
Cost: approx. RUB2 billion (2017)[1]
Built: 2015–present
In service: 2018–present
Planned: 18[2]
Building: 9
Completed: 4
Active: 1
General characteristics
Type: Corvette
Displacement: 800 tons
Length: 67 m (220 ft)
Beam: 11 m (36 ft)
Draft: 3.3 m (11 ft)
Propulsion:

CODAD (or CODAG) (diesel Zvezda ZE M-507D1 with 3 diesel generators DGAS-315

CODAD (or CODAG) (diesel Zvezda ZE or kolomna Penza RUMO etc , Gas GT NPO Saturn Turborus Saljut Turbokon PermMZ else)
Speed: 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Range: 2,500 nmi (4,600 km; 2,900 mi)
Endurance: 15 days
Armament:
  • 1 × 76.2 mm 59-caliber AK-176MA or 100 mm A-190 automatic dual-purpose guns
  • 1 × Pantsir-M CIWS with Hermes-K missiles or 1 × 3M89 Palash/ Palma CIWS with Sosna-R missiles (4+4 SAM in total 8 plus under reload units) or 2 × AK-630M-2 CIWS (on first 2 vessels)
  • 2 × 4 UKSK VLS cells for Kalibr or P-800 Oniks anti-ship/cruise missiles
  • 2 × 14.5 mm MTPU machineguns
Aircraft carried: Launch pad for Orlan-10 UAV[3]

The Karakurt class, Russian designation Project 22800 Karakurt, (Russian: Каракурт, 'Karakurt' meaning "latrodectus tredecimguttatus") is a class of small missile ships (corvettes in NATO classification) under construction for the Russian Navy.

The new class is intended to be a more seaworthy, blue water complement to the Buyan-M class corvettes, which had been designed for the littoral zone and are currently serving in Russia's Caspian Flotilla, Baltic Fleet and Black Sea Fleet.[4] The Karakurt-class corvettes are designed to be armed with the Kalibr cruise missiles and the P-800 Oniks anti-ship missiles and have an endurance of 15 days.[5]

The class was created as a cheap alternative for larger Admiral Grigorovich class frigates, that delivery to the Russian Navy was postponed due to the suspended military cooperation with Ukraine, and because of Russia's intentions to proceed with modernization of its Navy until all necessary tasks for construction of larger vessels domesticaly are solved.[6]

History[edit]

Project 22800 was first publicly presented by Almaz during the International Military-Technical Forum «ARMY-2015», held in Kubinka. During the exhibition, the new class was presented yet under an old designation as "Project 12300". At the same time, it was also announced 18 ships of the class are planned for construction.[2]

The first two ships, Uragan and Taifun (now Mytishchi and Sovetsk), were laid down on 24 December 2015 during a keel laying ceremony at the Pella Shipyard in Saint Petersburg.[7][8]

In August 2016, it was reported that a total of seven ships have been ordered from the Pella Shipyard (at least one of which will be built at More Shipayrd, Feodosia), and that five more ships have been ordered from the Zelenodolsk Shipyard.[9] However, three of the five ordered ships, Cyclone, Askold and Amur, previously planned to be built by the Zelenodolsk Shipyard, were later laid down at the Zaliv Shipyard in Kerch.

On 29 July 2017, the lead ship of the class was launched.[10]

In August 2017, several vessels were reportedly ordered by the Russian Defence Ministry during the International Military-Technical Forum «ARMY-2017».[11]

In May 2018, Mytishchi was undergoing sea trials in the Lake Ladoga and Baltic Sea.[12]

In August 2018, during the International Military-Technical Forum «ARMY-2018», the Russian Defence Ministry signed two contracts for construction of six more vessels. Two ships of the order will be built by the Vostochnaya Verf, Vladivostok while four ships by the Amur Shipyard, Komsomolsk-on-Amur.[13][14]

On 16 October 2018, Mytishchi began state tests in the White Sea,[15] after it was officially accepted into service on 17 December 2018.[16]

Design[edit]

Project 22800 derives from Project 12300 Skorpion, a proposed 1990s Almaz design for a 500-ton displacement missile boat,[17] and was also heavily influenced by Project 21631, the Buyan-M corvettes.[2] Ships of the class have a stealth shaped superstructure with an integrated mast carrying four phased array radar panels.[2] The primary armament consists of Kalibr cruise missiles or P-800 Oniks supersonic anti-ship missiles carried in eight UKSK VLS cells in the rear part of the superstructure, behind the bridge.[2] The corvettes built for the Russian Navy will be equipped with a 76.2 mm AK-176MA automatic dual-purpose gun, a modernized version of the AK-176. However, at least on the first ship, the 100 mm A-190 was installed.[18] A proposed export version may carry the Italian OTO Melara 76 mm gun.[19] For anti-missile defense, the first two ships will only carry a pair of AK-630M gun-based CIWS. Starting from the third ship, they will be equipped with Pantsir-M, a navalized version of the Pantsir surface-to-air missile system.[1] The project 22800 is not designed for anti-submarine warfare.

Ships[edit]

Italics indicate estimates[20]

Name Yard No. Builders Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
Mytishchi (ex-Uragan) 251 Pella Shipyard 24 December 2015[7] 29 July 2017[10] 17 December 2018[21] Baltic Active
Sovetsk (ex-Taifun) 252 Pella Shipyard 24 December 2015[7] 24 November 2017[22] 2019 Baltic In sea trials[23]
Kozelsk (ex-Shtorm) 254 More Shipyard 10 May 2016[24][25] 2019 Baltic Under construction
Tsiklon 801 Zaliv Shipyard 26 July 2016 2019 Black Sea Under construction
Odintsovo (ex-Shkval) 253 Pella Shipyard 29 July 2016[26] 5 May 2018[27] 2019 Black Sea Launched
Askold (ex-Musson) 802 Zaliv Shipyard 18 November 2016 2020 Black Sea Under construction
Burya 257 Pella Shipyard 24 December 2016[28][29] 23 October 2018[30] 2020 Baltic Launched
Okhotsk 255 More Shipyard 17 March 2017[31] 2020 Black Sea Under construction
Amur (ex-Passat) 803 Zaliv Shipyard 30 July 2017 2020 Black Sea Under construction
Vikhr 256 More Shipyard 19 December 2017[32] 2021 Black Sea Under construction
Tucha 804 Zelenodolsk Shipyard 26 February 2019[33] 2021 Black Sea Under construction
Smerch 805 Zelenodolsk Shipyard 2021 Black Sea Ordered
Rzhev Amur Shipyard 1 July 2019[34] Pacific Under construction
Udomlya Amur Shipyard 1 July 2019[34] Pacific Under construction
Priliv Amur Shipyard 2019 Pacific Ordered[13]
Priboj Amur Shipyard 2019 Pacific Ordered[13]
Nakat Vostochnaya Verf 2019 Pacific Ordered[13]
Volna Vostochnaya Verf 2019 Pacific Ordered[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Герман Костринский (31 July 2017). ""Каракурты" размажут по верфям" (in Russian). Kommersant. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e Станислав Закарян (24 September 2016). "В Зеленодольске начнется строительство первого МРК проекта 22800 "Каракурт"" (in Russian). Оружие России. Archived from the original on 2 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  3. ^ "С «Орланом» на корме: корветы-невидимки получат ударные дроны". Archived from the original on 2018-12-22. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  4. ^ Юрий Макаров; Александр Мозговой (30 July 2015). "Через тернии… к здравому смыслу". Национальная оборона (in Russian). Archived from the original on 13 February 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  5. ^ "These Little Russian Corvettes Will Turn the Black Sea Into a Fortress". Archived from the original on 2016-08-10. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  6. ^ "Минобороны заявило, что ОПК "немножко сорвал" срок сдачи двух фрегатов". ria.ru. 24 December 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  7. ^ a b c "Осуществлена торжественная закладка двух малых ракетных кораблей проекта 22800 стр. № 251 «Ураган» и стр. № 252 «Тайфун»". Pella Shipyard. 24 December 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  8. ^ "2 New Project 22800 Corvettes Uragan & Typhoon Laid Down by Pella Shipyard for Russian Navy - TASS". Archived from the original on 2016-08-11. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  9. ^ Тимур Латыпов (2 August 2016). ""Говорят, замминистра обороны Юрий Борисов сильно любит завод имени Горького…"". Бизнес Online (in Russian). Archived from the original on 12 November 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  10. ^ a b "Корабль "Ураган" проекта 22800 передадут Минобороны до конца года". ria.ru (in Russian). 29 July 2017. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
  11. ^ "Russian Army's wish list: 100 Armata tanks, Terminators, mystery nuclear-related device (PHOTOS)". Archived from the original on 2017-08-27. Retrieved 2017-08-27.
  12. ^ "Головной малый ракетный корабль проекта 22800 «Ураган» вышел на заводские ходовые испытания". bmpd.livejournal.com. 18 May 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d e "Дальневосточные верфи построят для Минобороны шесть "Каракуртов"". TASS. 22 August 2018. Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Новые контракты Министерства обороны России". bmpd.livejournal.com. 23 August 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  15. ^ "Головной малый ракетный корабль "Ураган" проекта 22800 начал Государственные испытания". bmpd.livejournal.com. 20 October 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  16. ^ "Малый ракетный корабль «Ураган» все-таки стал «Мытищами»". bmpd.livejournal.com. 18 December 2018. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  17. ^ One Project 12300 boat was laid down in 2001 in Rybinsk, but never completed.
  18. ^ "Экипажи морской авиации БФ обеспечили проведение завершающего этапа госиспытаний МРК «Мытищи»". Archived from the original on 2018-12-09. Retrieved 2018-12-09.
  19. ^ "Индии предложат МРК "Каракурт" с итальянской 76-мм артустановкой" (in Russian). FlotProm. 25 May 2017. Archived from the original on 22 July 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  20. ^ "Зеленодольский завод обновил сроки сдачи "Каракуртов"". flotprom.ru. 21 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  21. ^ "Russian Navy gets lead cruise missile corvette". TASS. 17 December 2018. Archived from the original on 18 December 2018. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  22. ^ "Малый ракетный корабль "Тайфун", оснащенный крылатыми ракетами "Калибр", спустили на воду в Петербурге". Interfax (in Russian). 24 November 2017. Archived from the original on 30 November 2017. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  23. ^ "Начаты заводские ходовые испытания второго малого ракетного корабля проекта 22800". bmpd.livejournal.com. 21 May 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  24. ^ "В Феодосии на ССЗ «Море» заложен малый ракетный корабль «Шторм»". sdelanounas.ru. 10 May 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  25. ^ "Morye Shipyard Lays Down 3rd Project 22800 Shtorm Missile Craft in Crimean City of Feodosiya". navyrecognition.com. 11 May 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  26. ^ "В Ленобласти заложили малый ракетный корабль "Шквал" для ВМФ". ria.ru. 29 July 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  27. ^ "Состоялась торжественная церемония спуска на воду второго серийного малого ракетного корабля проекта 22800 «Шквал», стр. № 253" (Press release) (in Russian). Pella Shipyard. 5 May 2018. Archived from the original on 7 May 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  28. ^ "Малый ракетный корабль "Буря" заложен на верфи в Санкт-Петербурге". TASS. 24 December 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  29. ^ "Pella Shipyard Laid Keel of 4th Project 22800 Karakurt-class Corvette for Russian Navy". navyrecognition.com. 28 December 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  30. ^ "Small missile ship floated out in northwest Russia". TASS. 23 October 2018. Archived from the original on 24 October 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  31. ^ "В Феодосии заложили малый ракетный корабль проекта "Каракурт"". TASS. 17 March 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  32. ^ "Малый ракетный корабль "Вихрь" проекта 22800 "Каракурт" заложат в Феодосии". TASS (in Russian). 19 December 2017. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  33. ^ "Закладка корпуса малого ракетного корабля проекта 22800" (Press release) (in Russian). Zelenodolsk Shipyard. 26 February 2019. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  34. ^ a b "На Амурском судостроительном заводе заложили два малых ракетных корабля проекта 22800" (Press release) (in Russian). United Shipbuilding Corporation. 1 July 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2019.

External links[edit]