Karata people

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Karata
Khkhiridi
Total population
about 4,787
Regions with significant populations
 Russia4,787[1]
Languages
Karata, Avar (literary)
Religion
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Tindi people and other Northeast Caucasian peoples

The Karata or Khkhiridi people are a small ethnic group from Dagestan, Russia. The Karata mainly reside in the Akhvakh and Khazavyurt district. They primarily speak the Karata language.

History[edit]

The Karatas and Avars share a close history. By the 18th century, the Karatas formed an autonomous "free community". There was frequent conflicts between the Karata and neighbouring peoples over control of grazing lands and pastures. In the early 19th century, the region was conquered by the Russians although an administrative structure did not emerge until the 1870s.[2]

Culture[edit]

The Karatas have historically engaged in raising livestock, farming, and bartering. Common animals raised were sheep, horses and cattle. Terraced farming was done due to adverse natural conditions and lack of cultivable land. Rye, flax, wheat, potatoes, and vegetables are staple crops grown.[2]

The Karatas are Sunni Muslims. Islam first arrived in the region as early as the 8th century but the locals only adopted the religion by the 16th century.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russian Census 2010: Population by ethnicity Archived 2012-04-24 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  2. ^ a b c "The Karatas". www.eki.ee. The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire. Retrieved 2021-06-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)