Karate World Championships

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Karate World Championships
Competition details
Discipline Karate
Type kumite and kata, biennial
Organiser World Karate Federation (WKF)
History
First edition 1970 in Tokyo, Japan
Editions 23 (2016)
Final edition 2016 in Linz, Austria
Most wins 188 medals  Japan

The Karate World Championships, also known as the World Karate Championships, are the highest level of competition for karate organised by the World Karate Federation (WKF).[1][2][3][4][5] The competition is held in a different city every two years.[6] Some of the most recent championships include Madrid in 2002, Monterrey in 2004, Tampere in 2006, Tokyo in 2008, and Belgrade in 2010.[7][8] The competition was initially riddled with controversy regarding karate styles and the ruleset.[2][9][10][11][12]

In 1984, women were first allowed to compete in the championships.[9]

Competition and events[edit]

Kumite[edit]

  • Individual kumite – men and women
  • Team kumite – men and women

Kumite Rule[edit]

The result of a bout is determined by a contestant obtaining a clear lead of eight points, having the highest number of points at time-up, obtaining a decision (hantei ), or by an accumulation of prohibited behaviors imposed against a contestant.

Scoring[edit]

  • Ippon (three points)
    • Jodan (head, face, neck) kicks
    • Any scoring technique delivered on a thrown or fallen opponent
  • Waza-ari (two points)
    • Chudan (abdomen, chest, back, side) kicks
  • Yuko (one point)
    • Tsuki (punch)
    • Uchi (strike)
  • Prohibited behavior
    • Category 1
      • Techniques which make excessive contact, in regards to the scoring area attacked, or make contact with the throat
      • Attacks to the arms or legs, groin, joints, or instep
      • Attacks to the face with open hand techniques
      • Dangerous or forbidden throwing techniques
    • Category 2
      • Feigning or exaggerating injury
      • Exit from the competition area (jogai ) not caused by the opponent
      • Self-endangerment by indulging in behavior which exposes the contestant to injury by the opponent, or failing to take adequate measures for self-protection (mubobi )
      • Avoiding combat as a means of preventing the opponent having the opportunity to score
      • Passivity – not attempting to engage in combat (cannot be given after less than the last 10 seconds of the match)
      • Clinching, wrestling, pushing, or standing chest-to-chest without attempting a scoring technique or takedown
      • Grabbing the opponent with both hands for any other reason than executing a takedown upon catching the opponent's kicking leg
      • Grabbing the opponent's arm or karategi (uniform) with one hand without immediately attempting a scoring technique or takedown
      • Techniques which, by their nature, cannot be controlled for the safety of the opponent, and other dangerous and uncontrolled attacks
      • Simulated attacks with the head, knees, or elbows
      • Talking to or goading the opponent
      • Failing to obey the orders of the referee
  • Warnings and penalties
    • Chukoku is imposed for the first instance of a minor infraction in the applicable category.
    • Keikoku is imposed for the second instance of a minor infraction in that category, or for infractions not serious enough to merit hansoku-chui.
    • Hansoku-chui is a warning of disqualification usually imposed for infractions for which a keikoku has previously been given in that bout; it may be imposed directly for serious infringements which do not merit hansoku.
    • Hansoku is the penalty of disqualification following a very serious infraction or when a hansoku-chui has already been given. In team matches, the offender's score will be zeroed and the opponent's score will be set at eight points.

Kata[edit]

  • Individual kata – men and women
  • Team kata (synchronized) – men and women
  • Team kata with bunkai

List of Karate World Championships[edit]

Edition Year Host City Country Events
I 1970 Tokyo  Japan 2
II 1972 Paris  France 2
III 1975 Long Beach  United States 2
IV 1977 Tokyo  Japan 2
V 1980 Madrid  Spain 10
VI 1982 Taipei  Chinese Taipei 13
VII 1984 Maastricht  Netherlands 13
VIII 1986 Sydney  Australia 15
IX 1988 Cairo  Egypt 16
X 1990 Mexico City  Mexico 16
XI 1992 Granada  Spain 16
XII 1994 Kota Kinabalu  Malaysia 16
XIII 1996 Sun City  South Africa 17
XIV 1998 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 17
XV 2000 Munich  Germany 17
XVI 2002 Madrid  Spain 17
XVII 2004 Monterrey  Mexico 17
XVIII 2006 Tampere  Finland 17
XIX 2008 Tokyo  Japan 17
XX 2010 Belgrade  Serbia 16
XXI 2012 Paris  France 16
XXII 2014 Bremen  Germany 16
XXIII 2016 Linz  Austria 16

All-time medal table[edit]

The following reflects the all-time medal counts as of the 2016 World Karate Championships:

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Japan 86 48 54 188
2  France 53 45 67 162
3  United Kingdom 24 18 15 57
4  Spain 20 23 69 112
5  Italy 18 32 51 101
6  Turkey 12 8 28 48
7  Netherlands 10 11 18 39
8  Iran 8 7 19 34
9  Germany 7 11 32 50
10  United States 6 11 18 35
11  Azerbaijan 6 5 3 14
12  Egypt 5 8 19 32
13  England 5 4 9 18
14  Brazil 4 4 7 15
15  Venezuela 4 3 10 17
16  Finland 4 3 8 15
17  Sweden 3 4 5 12
18  Australia 3 3 10 16
19  Russia 3 3 7 13
20  Serbia 3 1 6 10
21  Croatia 2 4 9 15
22  Greece 2 4 3 9
23  Mexico 2 3 4 9
24  Austria 2 2 6 10
25  Serbia and Montenegro 2 0 6 8
26  Norway 1 5 4 10
27  Chinese Taipei 1 3 6 10
28  Vietnam 1 3 0 4
29  Slovakia 1 1 7 9
30   Switzerland 1 1 6 8
31  Netherlands Antilles 1 1 3 5
32  China 1 1 1 3
33  Senegal 1 1 0 2
34  Benin 1 0 1 2
 Georgia 1 0 1 2
35  Chile 1 0 0 1
 Estonia 1 0 0 1
 South Africa 1 0 0 1
38  Hungary 0 4 3 7
39  Canada 0 3 5 8
40  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 3 4 7
41  Yugoslavia 0 2 2 4
42  Tunisia 0 2 1 3
43  Peru 0 1 7 8
44  Belgium 0 1 4 5
 Denmark 0 1 4 5
46  Kazakhstan 0 1 3 4
47  Malaysia 0 1 2 3
48  Czech Republic 0 1 1 2
 Guatemala 0 1 1 2
 Luxembourg 0 1 1 2
51  Czechoslovakia 0 1 0 1
 Paraguay 0 1 0 1
 Morocco 0 1 0 1
54  Ukraine 0 0 3 3
55  Romania 0 0 2 2
56  Algeria 0 0 1 1
 Argentina 0 0 1 1
 Dominican Republic 0 0 1 1
 Independent Olympic Athletes 0 0 1 1
 Indonesia 0 0 1 1
 Latvia 0 0 1 1
 Macedonia 0 0 1 1
 Philippines 0 0 1 1
 Scotland 0 0 1 1
 Finland 0 0 1 1
 Singapore 0 0 1 1
 Slovenia 0 0 1 1
 Kosovo 0 0 1 1
 Montenegro 0 0 1 1
Total

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coleman, Jim (September 1992). "Questions and Answers with Wuko's Head Man". Black Belt. 30 (9): 30–33. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Malaysia welcome extra category. Thestar.com.my (2008-11-19). Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  4. ^ Sports: Three fighters, one heart. Sptimes.com. Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  5. ^ Mmegi Online :: Karate team leaves for WFK Championships. Mmegi.bw (2010-10-22). Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  6. ^ Olympic Bid Sports Capsules – Olympics – ESPN. Sports.espn.go.com (2009-06-14). Retrieved on 2011-05-14.
  7. ^ "World Karate Championships returning to Japan". Japan Today. Retrieved 2010-02-23. 
  8. ^ "Karate World Championship to be Held in Belgrade Next Year". Ministry of Sport. Retrieved 2011-05-04. 
  9. ^ a b "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  10. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  11. ^ "Black Belt". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  12. ^ "Black Belt - Google Books". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-27. 

External links[edit]