Karatu District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Wilaya ya Karatu  (Swahili)
Wilaya ya Karatu, Mkoa wa Arusha
Karatu District view
Karatu District view
Land of the Hadzabe
Karatu District in Arusha
Karatu District in Arusha
Coordinates: 03°20′43.44″S 35°40′10.92″E / 3.3454000°S 35.6697000°E / -3.3454000; 35.6697000Coordinates: 03°20′43.44″S 35°40′10.92″E / 3.3454000°S 35.6697000°E / -3.3454000; 35.6697000
Country Tanzania
RegionArusha Region
 • Total3,207 km2 (1,238 sq mi)
Highest elevation
(Oldeani Ward)
1,739 m (5,705 ft)
 • Total230,166
 • Density72/km2 (190/sq mi)
Ethnic groups
 • SettlerSwahili
 • NativeHadza, Datooga & Iraqw
Tanzanian Postal Code

Karatu is one of the seven districts in the Arusha Region of Tanzania. The District covers an area of 6,993 km2 (2,700 sq mi).[1] and has an max elevation of 1,739 m (5,705 ft).[2].It is bordered by the Ngorongoro District to the north, the Meatu District to the west in Simiyu Region. The Monduli District borders the district directly to the east and finally Mbulu District and Babati District border Karatu to the south and southeast. Karatu district is home to the famous Hadza people. Also Karatu is known agriculturally as the onion capital of Tanzania. "Red gold of Tanzania". Retrieved 2022-06-14. According to the 2012 census, the population of the district was 230,166.[3]


Karatu district is located between three major natural features in Arusha region. It is bordered to the east by Lake Manyara and to the south west the district is bordered by Lake Eyasi. In the north east the district is bordered by the Ngorongoro Crater rim. Northern Karatu district is very fertile due to the many streams and volcanic soil from the Ngorongoro highlands. The south west side of the district in the Eyasi basi is semi arid.[4] Karatu district is the fourth largest district in Arusha region at 3,300 square kilometers, slightly larger than the island country of Samoa.[5]


According to the census of 2012 the population if the district is 256,838 with a population density of 73.4 people per square kilometer.[6] The largest ethnic population in the district is the Iraqw people, followed by the Datooga and the Hadza people.

Tanzania - Portrait of Hadzabe Leader
Datooga Family
Iraqw man


Paved trunk road T17 from Arusha to the Ngorongoro National Park passes through the district.[7]

Administrative subdivisions[edit]


As of 2012, Karatu District is administratively divided into 14 wards:[3]


  1. ^ "Tanzania: Northern Zone(Districts and Wards) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. ^ "Oldean, Karatu Elevation".
  3. ^ a b "2012 Population and Housing Census" (PDF). Development Partners Group Tanzania. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Geography of Karatu District". Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  5. ^ "Karatu size". Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  6. ^ "History | Karatu District Council".
  7. ^ "Arusha Region Roads Network" (PDF). TanRoads. Retrieved 20 August 2019.