Karauli State

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Karauli State
करौली रियासत
Princely State of British India
1348–1949
Flag of Karauli
Flag
Coat of arms of Karauli
Coat of arms
Alwar-karauli map.jpg
Karauli State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
Area 
• 1931
3,216 km2 (1,242 sq mi)
Population 
• 1931
140525
History 
• Established
1348
1949
Succeeded by
Matsya Union
Today part ofRajasthan, India
View of Timan Garh Fort in former Karauli State. Its foundations are said to have been built in the 2 century AD.

Karauli State[1] was a princely state in India from 1348 to 1949. It is located in the Braj region. Karauli city was the capital while Mandrayal or Mandrail was another important town.

Geography[edit]

The state had an area of 3,178 km2 (1,227 sq mi). In 1901, the population of the state was 156,786, and that of the town was 23,482. Millets, the staple food of the people,[2] was the main agricultural produce. As of the early 20th century, there were no major industries; a little weaving, dyeing, wood-turning, and stone cutting constituted the notable cottage industries.[2] Most goods, as also salt, sugar, cotton, buffaloes, and bullocks, were imported; rice and goats comprised the main exports.[2]

History[edit]

The predecessor state of the princely state of Karauli, the Kingdom of Mathura, was founded about 995 by Raja Bijai Pal a Ahir ruler.[3] Historical data point to Arjun Deo as the founder of the Karauli State in 1348. The capital was successively in the towns of Mathura, Dwarika, Bayana, Timan Garh, Andher Kotla, Mandrayal, U'ntgir and Bahadurpur.

British Raj[edit]

During the 18th century, Karauli was under the Maratha Empire until the Marathas were defeated by the British. In 1817, Karauli's ruler signed a treaty with the East India Company and became a British protectorate, the status was maintained till the independence of India in 1947.

After India's independence in 1947, the state under Maharaja Ganesh Pal Deo acceded to the Dominion of India on 7 April 1949; Karauli later merged with the Union of India and became part of the state of Rajasthan.

Rulers[edit]

The rulers of the state bore the title 'Maharaja'. Karauli was ruled by Jadaun Yaduvanshi Rajputs.[4][5]

Maharajas[edit]

  • 1691 – 1734: Kanwar Pal II
  • 1734 – 1757: Gopal Singh (d. 1757)
  • 1757 – 24 Oct 1772: Tarsam Pal (d. 1772)
  • 1772 – 1804: Manak Pal (d. 1804)
  • 1804 – 1805: Amola Pal (d. 1805)
  • 1805 – 1837: Herbaksh Pal (b. c. 1792 – d. 1837)
  • 1837 – 1849: Pratap Pal (d. 1849)
  • 1849 – 10 Jul 1852:Narsingh Pal (d. 1852)
  • 4 Sep 1852 – 14 Mar 1854: Bharat Pal
  • 14 Mar 1854 – 16 Aug 1869: Madan Pal (d. 1869) (from 12 Feb 1866, Sir Madan Pal)
  • 1869: Lakshman Pal
  • 1869 – 17 Nov 1875: Jaisingh Pal (d. 1875)
  • 1869 – 1871: Vrishbhan Singh Tanwar – Regent
  • Jan 1876 – 14 Aug 1886: Arjun Pal II (d. 1886)
  • 14 Aug 1886 – 3 Aug 1927: Bhanwar Pal (b. 1864 – d. 1927) (from 22 Jun 1897, Sir Bhanwar Pal)
  • 3 Aug 1927 – 6 Apr 1947: Bhom Pal (b. 1866 – d. 1947) (from 1 Jan 1935, Sir Bhom Pal)
  • 6 Apr 1940 – 15 Aug 1947: Ganesh Pal (b. 1906 – d. 1984)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 15, p. 26.
  2. ^ a b c Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Karauli" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 677.
  3. ^ An ethnographical hand-book for the N.-W. provinces and Oudh By William Crooke
  4. ^ Rajput Provinces of India - Karauli State (Princely State)
  5. ^ Princely States of India

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°18′N 77°14′E / 26.3°N 77.23°E / 26.3; 77.23