Karbi Anglong district

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Karbi Anglong district
Coordinates (Diphu): 26°11′N 93°34′E / 26.183°N 93.567°E / 26.183; 93.567Coordinates: 26°11′N 93°34′E / 26.183°N 93.567°E / 26.183; 93.567
CountryIndia
StateAssam
DivisionCentral Assam
HeadquartersDiphu
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesDistrict
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies4
Area
 • Total10,434 km2 (4,029 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total965,280
 • Density93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy87.37%
 • Sex ratio951
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationAS-09-X-XXXX
Major highwaysNH-36, NH-39 (AH-1)
Websitewww.karbianglong.nic.in

Karbi Anglong district (Karbi: Karbi Anglong) is one of the 33 administrative districts of Assam state in India. The district is bounded by Golaghat district on the east, Morigaon district on the west, Nagaon and Golaghat districts on the north and Dima Hasao district and Nagaland state on the south. The district is located between 25º 33′ and 26º 35′ North latitude and from 92º 10′ to 93º 50′ East longitude. Diphu is the administrative headquarter of the district. Language :Karbi, Assamese, Hindi and English. Dynamo :Karbi, Assamese, Dimasa, Bodo, Mizo, and Manipuri

Etymology[edit]

'Karbi' is an indigenous tribal community living in Assam and 'Anglong' is a Karbi noun for Hill(s)/Mountain(s). Literally 'Karbi Anglong' means Hills of Karbi.

History[edit]

During the pre-British rule, the territory was part of the Dimasa Kingdom till the demise of Sengya Tularam Hasnu in AD 1854. After his death, it went into the hands of the British under which it was declared a ‘Scheduled District’ constituted in 1874. Later, Mikir Hills track was constituted as "Partially Excluded areas" under the Govt. of India Act, 1935. On November 17, 1951, a new district, the United Mikir Hills and North Cachar Hills district was created by combining some parts of the districts of the now Golaghat, Nagaon, Cachar and United Khasi and Jaintia Hills district of present-day Meghalaya state. This was followed by bifurcation of the erstwhile district of United Mikir and North Cachar Hills district into two separate districts — Mikir Hills district and North Cachar Hills district — on 2 February 1970.[1] Mikir Hills district was renamed as Karbi Anglong district on 14 October 1976.[1]

Demarcation[edit]

In 2016, the district was divided into two district, the western part including Hamren, Baithalangso and Donkamokam and other adjoining areas forming the new district of West Karbi Anglong. Hamren is made the headquarter of the newly created district.[2][3]

Economy[edit]

In 2006, the Indian government named Karbi Anglong one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the eleven districts in Assam currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]

Industry[edit]

One of CCI working factory (out of three) is called Bokajan Cement Factory in Bokajan. Its product is exported to the whole country.

There are a plenty of tea processing factories in the bokajan sub division. Some of these are located at Santipur and Silonijan, both of these two places are semi urban areas.

There are several small scale industries involved in the rubber, mining and manufacturing industries.Template:Dact

Agriculture[edit]

Ginger[edit]

Karbi Anglong ginger has been accorded geographical indication (GI) rights by the GI Registry of India. Karbi Anglong produces the "best organic ginger" in the world.[citation needed] Growers of Karbi Anglong produce mainly two varieties of ginger-Nadia with high fibre and Aizol with less or no fibre. Karbi Anglong ginger exists from the time of formation of the district in 1951. Ginger is grown in Singhasan Hills, Khonbamon area. Initiation by Ginger Growers' Cooperative Federation Ltd (GINFED) led to the popularity of Karbi Anglong Ginger. Ginger of Karbi Anglong is also exported to Germany.[5] The average annual production of ginger in Karbi Anglong is 30,000 tonnes. About 10,000 farmers are growing this items.[5]

Administration[edit]

Divisions[edit]

The district has four sub-divisions:

  • Diphu Sub-Division.
  • Bokajan Sub-Division.
  • Howraghat Sub-Division
  • Hamren Sub-Division

Constituency[edit]

The four Vidhan Sabha constituencies of the district are Bokajan, Howraghat, Diphu, and Boithalangso. All are part of the 3 S.T. Autonomous District Lok Sabha constituency. Diphu town is the district headquarter. Other towns of this district are Bokajan, Dokmoka, Silonijan, and Howraghat. A total number of villages in this district is 2633.

There are four Assam Legislative Assembly constituencies in this district: Bokajan, Howraghat, Diphu, and Boithalangso.[6] All four are designated for scheduled tribes.[6] They are all in the Autonomous District Lok Sabha constituency.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Indigenous tribal communities particularly Karbi people form the majority of the population. According to the 2011 census Karbi Anglong District has a population of 965,280,[8]

This gives it a ranking of 451st in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 93 inhabitants per square kilometre (240/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.58%.[8] Karbi Anglong has a sex ratio of 951 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 74%. with Male and Female constituting 82% and 65% respectively.[8]

Languages[edit]

Karbi is the prominent language in the district. Other spoken languages include Assamese, Dimasa (Garo-dima), Tiwa, Kuki (Khawchung Thadou), Rengma, Bengali etc.[9] Assamese is used as the common language among the different indigenous communities residing in the district.But West Karbi Anglong district is widely spoken in Karbi and Hindi only 35% of local Villagers speak Assamese language.

Religion[edit]

Religion population wise
Religion Population
Animism 6,70,139
Christians 1,17,738
Muslims 18,091

Culture[edit]

Karbi anglong district has a rich[vague] culture. From ancient age the Karbi people maintain and keep their culture alive. They have their own traditional costume, like Choi Hongthor (traditional shirt) and rikong vetvot (traditional pant) for male and pini or sini and peh kok (traditional wear) for female. They also make their own traditional bag called jamborong.

Male dress[edit]

""Zengki"(Karbi Jacket), the traditional shirt, is widely adopted among the Assamese culture. The shirt is very similar to a flak jacket, but with buttons in place of a zipper.

Rikong vetvot is a male attire worn from the waist to below. It is a single white piece of loincloth, approximately 5 feet in length, without decoration. It can be classified into two groups: the true rikong vetvot and the neo-modern (borrowed heavily from Dhoti). Rikong vetvot is unique in a sense how it is worn and its length. It needs the skill to wear it. It is almost impossible to wear with too much length (It is still difficult to wear them with a little more length). A new wearer will find the dress slipping out as there is no knot.

Female dress[edit]

Pini or Sini, Peh kok and jamborong are common in the state and in use by many people. Their popularity is due to their colours and design prepared by Karbi women.

Pini or sini is an female attire worn from the waist and covers up to the lower calf. It is similar to the dress worn by other communities like Naga, Hmar. Peh-kok is also unique in how its worn. It is a square (or similar sized) piece of cloth. Its two adjacent edge are tied into a knot (modern dress use pin in place of a knot). The knot side is then hung from the shoulder.

Others[edit]

Jamborong is a slingbag made from silk out of silkworm. It has no thong, instead, it uses a wide piece of cloth, similar to webbing, but wider and lesser tensile strength (depend on the strength of cloth). Its size can vary. Smaller ones are similar to a woman's purse.

Tourism[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

A hilly district of Assam, Karbi Anglong is still somewhat unknown to the tourist in spite of its natural green forest and hills.[citation needed] In addition to this, there are the multi-coloured cultures and traditions.[tone]

Diphu
It is a busy town located on a hill. There is a various small tourist spot in and around the town.[citation needed]
Akashiganga
65 km away from Diphu, here a stream of water flows down from the high hill. In front of it there is a siva temple.[citation needed]
Dikrut Waterfall (also Paklongkam)
It's a waterfall located on the mountain.
Garampani (also Langkar-om)
Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary which is home of hollock gibbon and golden langur. There is hot water spring in here near the National Highway-29 (also AH1).
Kangthilangso Waterfall
It's a waterfall located in Kanthi village, around 12 km from Denarong (Dengaon).
Longsokangthu (also Siloni)
It is a picnic spot on the bank of a river, surrounded by hills and greenery.[citation needed]
Silbheta
It is a picnic spot located at a distance of 37 km from Diphu. The place surrounded by rain forests. Nature built a stone bridge (dyke) with a waterfall is the main attraction of this place.
Recreation Park

Recreation park is also another place of attraction for the tourists. [1]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The Kangthi waterfall, situated in Kangthi Village, approximate 12 kilometers away from Dengaon in Karbi Anglong district of Assam in India.

In 1952, Karbi Anglong district became home to the Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 6 km2 (2.3 sq mi).[10] Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is another wildlife sanctuary of Karbi Anglong covering 37 km2.

For any visitor to Karbi Anglong, a must read book is A Naturalist in Karbi Anglong by Assam's well-known naturalist Dr. Anwaruddin Choudhury. He narrated his travels and wildlife observations in different parts of Karbi Anglong during his tenure in the district as a civil servant. The book is profusely illustrated with drawings and photos.[11][12]

The landscape of Bluewater lake "Koka" at Charchim village in Karbi Anglong district of Assam.

More than 75% of the district is forested. The main vegetation is Tropical semi-evergreen with patches of Moist Deciduous and wet Evergreen forests in certain areas. The district boasts the largest population of hoolock gibbons in Assam.

The district has a Wildlife sanctuary.

Education[edit]

Karbi Anglong is home to a variety of educational institutions.

Universities[edit]

Colleges[edit]

  • HARLONGBI VELONGBI,DEITHOR
  • Deopani College, Santipur.
  • Diphu Government College, Diphu.
  • Diphu Law College, Diphu.
  • Don Bosco Junior College, Diphu.
  • Eastern Karbi Anglong College, Sarihajan.
  • Green valley Junior College, Bokajan
  • JS Academy, Bakalia
  • Junior College, Howraghat.
  • Pranab Jubilee College, Bokajan
  • Rukasen College, Bakaliaghat.
  • Thong Nokbe College, Dokmoka.
  • Vidya Sagar Junior College, Bokajan
  • Singkiri College, Diphu
  • Renu Terangpi Memorial College, Diphu

Technical institutes[edit]

Schools[edit]

  • Don Bosco High School, Rongbong Ghat.
  • St. Joseph High School, Dolamara.
  • Assumption English School, Chokihola
  • Hemphu Lokhimon English High School, Khatkhati, Bokajan.
  • All Saint English High School, Bakalia
  • Aturkimi Academy, Diphu.
  • Badan Memorial Higher Secondary School, Diphu
  • Bakalia English High School, Bakalia
  • Bakaliaghat Higher Secondary School, Bakalia
  • Bokajan Higher Secondary School, Bokajan.
  • Calvery Home Academy, Diphu.
  • Daffodil English High School, Bakalia
  • D.A.V. Higher Secondary School, Diphu.
  • Diphu Govt. Boys Higher Secondary School, Diphu.
  • Diphu Govt. Girls High School, Diphu.
  • Don Bosco Higher Secondary School, Diphu.
  • Don Bosco School, Satgaon.
  • Erudite academy, Diphu.
  • Howraghat Higher Secondary School, Howraghat.
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Diphu.
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Dongkamukam.
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Bokajan.
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Diphu.
  • Kidzee, Diphu.
  • Krist Jyoti School, Dokmoka.
  • Little Star English School, Sarihajan.
  • St. Thomas High School, Hidipi.
  • Mount Calvary English High School, Diphu.
  • Presbyterian Mission High School, Diphu.
  • Rengbonghom Higher Secondary School, Diphu.
  • St.Peter 's English High School, Silonijan.
  • Vidya Sagar High School, Bokajan.
  • Vivekananda H.S School, Bokajan.
  • Covenant High School, Diphu
  • Dengkimo English High School, Center
  • Don Bosco High School, Hamren
  • Don Bosco Higher Secondary School, Sojong, Donka
  • Jirsong English High School, Hamren
  • Presbyterian English High School, Hamren
  • St. Mary's High School, Diphu
  • Nirmal Niketan English High School, Kauripahar

Media[edit]

Newspaper[edit]

The Hills Times, an English daily is the main newspaper published from Karbi anglong.[citation needed] The Arleng Daily, a Karbi daily, is the newspaper that heralded a new beginning for Karbi newspaper.[citation needed] Thekar, a Karbi daily, is the first RNI Registered Karbi newspaper.[citation needed] Since then, there are several dailies in Karbi language. In the year of 2005-06, a Hindi newspaper Jana Prahari was launched from Baguliaghat, a small town in Karbi Anglong. 'Hill Observer' is an English Daily Newspaper published from Diphu.

Television[edit]

  • Doordarshan TV relay centre, Diphu
  • KAT NEWS (Cable Channel), Diphu

Radio[edit]

Notable towns[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  2. ^ "Assam get new districts"
  3. ^ "West Karbi Anglong district inaugurated" Archived 2016-04-03 at the Wayback Machine, The Assam Tribune, February 11, 2016
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  5. ^ a b http://www.assamtribune.com/scripts/detailsnew.asp?id=apr0215/at054
  6. ^ a b "List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Revenue & Election District wise break - up" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  7. ^ "List of Assembly Constituencies showing their Parliamentary Constituencies wise break - up" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Assam website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  9. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Aiton: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  10. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Assam". Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
  11. ^ Choudhury, A.U. (1993). A Naturalist in Karbi Anglong. Gibbon Books, Guwahati, India.88pp+maps.
  12. ^ Choudhury, A.U. (2009). A Naturalist in Karbi Anglong. Revised 2nd edn. Gibbon Books, Guwahati, India.152pp.

External links[edit]