Karel Kaplan (born 28 August 1928, Horní Jelení) is a Czech historian, who specialized in the World War II and post World War II periods in Czechoslovakia. Kaplan is regarded as one of the most noted historians of Czech communism from 1945 to 1968. He has written books about Czech political trials during the 1950s, the situation of Jews in Central Europe during World War II, the Communist takeover in Czechoslovakia.
During the Prague Spring in 1968, he worked in the Committee of rehabilitation. He accessed classified documents of the Czechoslovak Communist Party (KSČ). After the end of Prague Spring, Karel Kaplan fell into disgrace. He worked in a factory from 1972 to 1976, and in 1976 asked for political asylum in Munich. He started to publish his works there, and in 1990 went back to Czechoslovakia. He continues his academic research in Prague.
Some translated works
- Dans les Archives du Comité Central: Trente ans de secrets du bloc soviétique, 1978, ISBN 978-2-226-00711-7.
- The Short March: The Communist takeover in Czechoslovakia 1945-1948, 1987, ISBN 0-312-72209-5.
- Report on the Murder of the General Secretary, April 1990
- Zpráva o zavraždění generálního tajemníka, 1992 (in Czech)
- "28 osobností, kterým dal letos Václav Klaus vyznamenání" (in Czech). Hospodářské noviny. 2008-10-28. Retrieved 30 January 2010.