|Birth name||Karen J. Cariker|
|Born||July 19, 1937|
Bonham, Texas, United States
|Died||March 19, 1993 (aged 55)|
Hurley, New York, United States
|Genres||Country blues, jazz|
|Occupation(s)||Vocalist, guitarist, banjoist|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, banjo|
Karen J. Dalton (born Jean Karen Cariker; July 19, 1937 – March 19, 1993) was an American folk blues singer, guitarist, and banjo player. She was associated with the early 1960s Greenwich Village folk music scene, particularly with Fred Neil, the Holy Modal Rounders, and Bob Dylan. Although she did not enjoy much commercial success during her lifetime, her music has gained significant recognition since her death. Artists like Nick Cave, Devendra Banhart, and Joanna Newsom have noted her as an influence.
Life and career
Dalton was born Jean Karen Cariker in Bonham, Texas, but was raised in Enid, Oklahoma. She also lived in Stillwater, Oklahoma and Lawrence, Kansas. Her heritage was half Cherokee and half Irish. With two divorces behind her at the age of 21, Dalton left Oklahoma and arrived in Greenwich Village, New York City in the early 1960s. She brought her twelve string guitar, long-neck banjo, and at least one of her two children with her. According to her daughter Abralyn Baird, at that point Dalton had lost two of her bottom teeth breaking up a fight between two of her boyfriends.
Greenwich Village scene
Dalton quickly became entrenched in the Greenwich Village folk musical scene of the 1960s. She played alongside big names of the time, including Bob Dylan (who occasionally backed her up on harmonica), Fred Neil, Richard Tucker, and Tim Hardin. She covered many of their songs in her own performances. Dylan later wrote that "Karen had a voice like Billie Holiday and played guitar like Jimmy Reed.” She was among the first to sing Hardin's "Reason to Believe". She later married Tucker, with whom she sometimes played as a duo, and in a trio with Hardin.
While Dalton was a regular at famous folk venue Café Wha? and performed at benefit concerts for civil rights groups, she was a reluctant performer and refused to perform her own songs. Combined with her use of alcohol and heroin, recording her music and touring was particularly hard.
Dalton moved to Colorado with husband Richard Tucker and daughter Abralyn (Abbe) and lived there for a while in the 1960s, in a small mining cabin in Summerville. Eventually she moved back to New York via Los Angeles, and then to Woodstock, New York.
It's So Hard to Tell Who's Going to Love You the Best (album)
Dalton was "not interested in playing the music industry's games in an era when musicians had little other choice," as bass player and producer Harvey Brooks noted. She often responded in anger when producers attempted to change her music while recording.
At first, producer Nik Venet was unsuccessful in recording her first album, It's So Hard to Tell Who's Going to Love You the Best (Capitol, 1969). It wasn't until he invited Fred Neil to a session that they were able to come away with recordings. Even then, Venet and Neil were only successful by tricking Dalton into thinking the tape wasn't rolling. Dalton cut most of the tracks with one take, and all in one night. The record features songs from Neil, Hardin, Jelly Roll Morton, and Eddie Floyd & Booker T. Jones. It was re-released by Koch Records on CD in 1996.
In My Own Time (album)
Dalton's second album, In My Own Time (1971), was recorded at Bearsville Studios (which was set up by Bob Dylan's manager, Albert Grossman) and originally released by Woodstock Festival promoter Michael Lang's label, Just Sunshine Records. The album was produced and arranged by Harvey Brooks, who played bass on it. Piano player Richard Bell guested on the album. Its liner notes were written by Fred Neil and its cover photos were taken by Elliott Landy. Dalton brought her two teenage children, her dog, and her horse from Oklahoma to feel more at ease with recording.
Re-releases and tributes
It's So Hard to Tell Who's Going to Love You the Best was re-released on Koch Records in 1997, in collaboration with New York-based radio DJ and Karen Dalton fan Nicholas Hill, and with liner notes by Peter Stampfel. In 1999 the French label Megaphone music did a European re-release of the same album, which included a bonus DVD featuring rare performance footage of Dalton and a French TV feature on Karen Dalton from 1970. In My Own Time was re-released on CD and LP on November 7, 2006 by Light in the Attic Records.
Two recordings from 1962 and 1963, previously owned by Karen's friend Joe Loop who ran the little club "The Attic" in Boulder in the early 60's, were released on Megaphone in 2007 and 2008 as live album Cotton Eyed Joe and the home-recorded album Green Rocky Road.
The compilation tribute album, Remembering Mountains: Unheard Songs by Karen Dalton, was released in 2015 by folk label Tompkins Square. In similar fashion to Wilco and Billy Bragg’s adaptions of Woody Guthrie songs in Mermaid Avenue, the album features adaptations of Dalton's work by artists including Patty Griffin, Lucinda Williams, Josephine Foster, Sharon Van Etten, and Julia Holter. The songs feature lyrics and poems Dalton wrote before her death, which were in the care of her friend, folk guitarist Peter Walker.
Dalton's bluesy, world-weary voice is often compared to jazz singer Billie Holiday, though Dalton loathed the comparison and said Bessie Smith was a greater influence. Dalton sang blues, folk, country, pop, Motown—making over each song in her own style. She played the twelve string guitar and a long-neck banjo.
Known as "the folk singer's answer to Billie Holiday" and "Sweet Mother K.D.", Dalton is said to be the subject of the song "Katie's Been Gone" (composed by Richard Manuel and Robbie Robertson) on the album The Basement Tapes by The Band and Bob Dylan, who wrote of Dalton that "My favorite singer...was Karen Dalton. Karen had a voice like Billie Holiday and played guitar like Jimmy Reed... I sang with her a couple of times." Fred Neil once remarked, "She sure can sing the shit out of the blues."
Modern artists Adele, Nick Cave, Devendra Banhart, and Joanna Newsom have all noted her as an influence. So does country singer Lacy J. Dalton, who knew Dalton in Greenwich Village and adopted her surname as a tribute.
Commercial failure of her album In My Own Time and her estrangement from her children contributed to further substance abuse later in Dalton's life.
Friend Lacy J. Dalton helped send her to rehab in Texas in the early 1990s; a stay which only lasted a couple of days before she demanded to be taken back home to Woodstock again. She died there in March 1993 from an AIDS-related illness, aged 55. According to her friend Peter Walker, she had been living with the disease for over 8 years.
A documentary, Karen Dalton: In My Own Time, from filmmakers Richard Peete and Robert Yapkowitz, made its world premiere at Doc NYC in November 2020. Sheri Linden in The Hollywood Reporter writes, "As it introduces a one-of-a-kind artist to the uninitiated and celebrates her for aficionados, above all it listens — and invites us to do the same."
- Cotton Eyed Joe (2007) (recorded live in 1962)
- Green Rocky Road (2008) Recorded at home circa 1962-63, released by Delmore Recording Society; contains unreleased recordings.
- 1966 (2012). Released by Delmore Recording Society; contains previously unreleased recordings.
- Remembering Mountains: Unheard Songs by Karen Dalton (2015), released by Tompkins Square.
- "Ordinary Songs Become Memorable Events". NPR.org. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Freyne, Patrick (June 6, 2018). "Nick Cave at the Abbey: A funny, strange and beautiful evening". The Irish Times.
- Farrar, Justin (November 21, 2007). "Devendra Banhart loves Karen Dalton — Now You Can Too". SF Weekly.
- Frank, Alex (January 15, 2015). "_Inherent Vice'_s Joanna Newsom Shares Her Favorite Songs from the Seventies". Vogue.
- Barton, Laura (March 23, 2007). "The best singer you've never heard of". The Guardian. Retrieved May 6, 2021.
- "For Karen Dalton, a long way home". Associated Press. July 12, 2015.
- Rose, Joel (July 12, 2008). "Karen Dalton: A Reluctant Voice, Rediscovered". NPR.
- Aron, Nina Renata (November 8, 2017). "With a scorched-earth voice and a tragic downfall, Karen Dalton's music reflected her life". Timeline.
- Walker, Peter (2012). KAREN DALTON: Songs, Poems, and Writings: Songs, Poems, and Writings. Woodstock, NY: Ark Press. ISBN 978-1-939374-00-4.
- "In Her Own Time". www.austinchronicle.com. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
- Way, Mish (January 4, 2013). "Karen Dalton: The Most Tragically Beautiful Folk Singer You've Probably Never Heard Of". Vice.
- Thompson, Stephen (June 18, 2008). "Karen Dalton: Blues from Beyond the Grave". NPR.
- Roberts, Randall (May 25, 2015). "Review: Folk singer Karen Dalton gets remarkable tribute in 'Remembering Mountains' album". Los Angeles Times.
- Dylan, Bob (2004). Chronicles: Volume One. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-2815-4. (Page 12.)
- Clayton, Richard (January 27, 2012). "Play, lady, play". Financial Times. ISSN 0307-1766. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
- "'In My Own Time: A Portrait of Karen Dalton': Film Review | DOC NYC 2020 | Hollywood Reporter". www.hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved November 22, 2020.
- "Remembering Mountains : Unheard Songs By Karen Dalton – Out Now «". Tompkinssquare.com. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
- Allmusic entry
- Illustrated Karen Dalton discography
- Light In The Attic Records "In My Own Time" CD
- Delmore Recordings "Cotton Eyed Joe: The Loop Tapes/Live In Boulder 1962" CD & DVD and "Green Rocky Road" CD"
- "Sweet Mother KD," 2016 BBC Seriously... documentary about Dalton
- Karen Dalton : Jeunesse d'une femme libre, de Greenwich Village à Woodstock A comic book about the youth of Karen Dalton written by journalist Cédric Rassat and Ana Rousse (Ed. Sarbacane, 2017, 150 pages)
- A Bright Light : Karen and the process, a documentary by Emmanuelle Antille (Production Intermezzo Films, 2018)