Norman Tindale estimated the extent of their tribal lands at 5,500 square miles (14,000 km2), reaching from Mount Bygrave in northwestern New South Wales to Woodbum Lake in Queensland. They took in Tibooburra, at Yalpunga and Connulpie Downs, and included the Bulloo Lakes area. Their southwestern boundaries lay in the vicinity of Milparinka, while their eastern frontier ran along Therloo Downs.
Social organization and rites
- Tindale 1974, p. 195.
- Mathews, R. H. (1898). "Group divisions and initiation ceremonies of the Barkungee tribes". Journal of the Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales. 32: 241–255.
- Reid, James A. (1886). "Torrowotto" (PDF). In Curr, Edward Micklethwaite. The Australian race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over the continent. Volume 2. Melbourne: J. Ferres. pp. 178–181.
- Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Karenggapa (NSW)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University Press. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.