Karesuando

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Karesuando
Karesuando Church in August 2005
Karesuando Church in August 2005
Karesuando is located in Norrbotten
Karesuando
Karesuando
Karesuando is located in Sweden
Karesuando
Karesuando
Coordinates: 68°26′28″N 022°28′44″E / 68.44111°N 22.47889°E / 68.44111; 22.47889Coordinates: 68°26′28″N 022°28′44″E / 68.44111°N 22.47889°E / 68.44111; 22.47889
Country Sweden
Province Lapland
County Norrbotten County
Municipality Kiruna Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total 0.93 km2 (0.36 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2010)[2]
 • Total 300
 • Density 324/km2 (840/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)

Karesuando (Finnish: Kaaresuvanto or Karesuvanto, Sami: Karesuanto, Gárasavvon or Karasavvon) is the northernmost locality in Sweden. It is situated in Kiruna Municipality, Norrbotten County, Sweden, with 303 inhabitants in 2010[1] and 350 in 2011.[2]

It is a church village, located alongside the Muonio River on the border with Finland.

The Finnish village of Karesuvanto (population about 140) is located on the Finnish side of the river. According to Finnish tradition, they are one and the same village (with a combined population of about 470), but are usually considered to be separate villages since there is a national border between them (although both are called Karesuvanto in Finnish).

The village's buildings were built in 1670, when Måns Mårtensson Karesuando, called "Hyvä Maunu Martinpoika" in Finnish and "Good Maunu, Son of Martin" in English, bought land from Sami Henrik Nilsson Nikkas. The Lutheran vicar and botanist Lars Levi Laestadius served in Karesuando from 1826 to 1849. It was here that he founded the revivalist movement known to this day as Laestadianism.

The area is traditionally Finnish speaking, and the border was drawn for political reasons in 1809, not because of any cultural or any other border existing at that time. School and church influences have since resulted in cultural and linguistic differences.

Karesuando is located along the European route E45, and is the northern terminus of Swedish national road 99.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Karesuando, 1961-1990
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.2
(45)
6.2
(43.2)
10.5
(50.9)
15.5
(59.9)
27.2
(81)
32.2
(90)
32.5
(90.5)
29.1
(84.4)
24.0
(75.2)
16.0
(60.8)
9.0
(48.2)
6.5
(43.7)
32.5
(90.5)
Average high °C (°F) −11.2
(11.8)
−9.7
(14.5)
−4.8
(23.4)
0.8
(33.4)
7.4
(45.3)
14.7
(58.5)
17.3
(63.1)
14.6
(58.3)
8.8
(47.8)
1.5
(34.7)
−5.3
(22.5)
−9.0
(15.8)
2.1
(35.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.0
(3.2)
−14.6
(5.7)
−10.0
(14)
−3.7
(25.3)
3.4
(38.1)
10.3
(50.5)
12.8
(55)
10.4
(50.7)
5.0
(41)
−1.6
(29.1)
−9.1
(15.6)
−14.0
(6.8)
−2.3
(27.9)
Average low °C (°F) −21.2
(−6.2)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−15.6
(3.9)
−8.7
(16.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
6.2
(43.2)
8.4
(47.1)
6.3
(43.3)
1.4
(34.5)
−4.8
(23.4)
−13.3
(8.1)
−18.9
(−2)
−6.7
(19.9)
Record low °C (°F) −49.0
(−56.2)
−48.1
(−54.6)
−42.8
(−45)
−36.5
(−33.7)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−4.0
(24.8)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.6
(23.7)
−12.0
(10.4)
−28.6
(−19.5)
−38.0
(−36.4)
−42.0
(−43.6)
−49.0
(−56.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.91)
19
(0.75)
23
(0.91)
23
(0.91)
28
(1.1)
42
(1.65)
75
(2.95)
63
(2.48)
45
(1.77)
44
(1.73)
34
(1.34)
24
(0.94)
443
(17.44)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 5 62 139 183 232 266 243 159 110 67 18 0 1,484
Source: [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Befolkningstabell" (in Swedish). Karesuando. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "NOAA.gov". 

External links[edit]