Karet Bivak Cemetery
Several graves in Karet Bivak
|Size||16.2 hectares (0.16 km2; 0.06 sq mi)|
|No. of graves||Approximately 48,000|
Karet Bivak is a cemetery in Jakarta, Indonesia. It is the second largest in the city.
Karet Bivak is located in Central Jakarta, Jakarta. It covers an area of 16.2 hectares (0.16 km2; 0.06 sq mi), making it the second-largest cemetery in Jakarta. In 2007 it contained approximately 48,000 graves. The graves of poor people are located in a special block at the back of the graveyard.
As of 2007[update], the cemetery is at full capacity. To deal with the lack of graveyard space, common throughout Jakarta, families have begun using a single plot for several family members, stacking them on top of each other. Another method proposed is reassigning the 18,000 graves that have been abandoned or have had their lease run out.
Maintenance is done by self-employed gravekeepers, who receive funds from the families of those interred. The gravekeepers generally do not attend to the graves of families who do not pay them.
In 2009 the government of Jakarta began the plakatisasi program to ensure the graves in Karet Bivak followed the rules for gravestones as outlined by a 2007 bylaw. By September 2009 the government had replaced 2,000 graves with plain gray tombstones and grassy mounds. The head of the Jakarta Parks and Cemetery Agency, Ery Basworo, noted that the program was also to improve water retention in the city and to eliminate the “spooky” perception of cemeteries. Although the government stated that families were notified, some families of those interred were not. The mass-produced new gravestones at times misspelled the names of the interred.
- Benyamin Sueb, actor and singer
- Bing Slamet, actor, comedian, singer, and songwriter
- Chairil Anwar, poet
- Chairul Saleh, politician
- Fatmawati, wife of Sukarno and National Hero of Indonesia
- HIM Damsyik, dancer and actor
- Hadi Thayeb, diplomat and co-founder of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Iwan Tirta, batik fashion designer
- Lies Noor, actress
- Prince Jayakarta, colonial prince of what is now Jakarta
- Mohammad Hoesni Thamrin, nationalist and National Hero of Indonesia
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- Maullana, Ika; Kamil, Ati (3 February 2012). "Gerimis Iringi Pemakaman HIM Damsyik" [Drizzle Accompanies the Burial of HIM Damsyik]. Kompas (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
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- Soebijoto, Hertanto (29 July 2011). "Peziarah Padati TPU Karet Bivak" [Karet Bivak Cemetery is Full of Pilgrims] (in Indonesian). Kompas. Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2011.
- "Top Batik Fashion Designer Iwan Tirta dies". Bali Post. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2011.