Karhade Brahmin

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Karada brahmins
Regions with significant populations
Primary populations in Maharashtra
Languages
Marathi and Konkani (Karhadi dialect)

Karhaḍe Brahmins are a sub-caste of Maharashtrian Brahmins.[1]

Origin[edit]

The Karhada Brahman take the name from the town of Karad in Satara district, the sacred junction of the Koina and Krishna.[citation needed] They migrated to the region between Malvan and Sangameshwar near the Konkan coast and made it their home land.The Karhade section, though it takes its name from Karad, a place in the Deccan region, is found chiefly in the Konkan coast.[2][need quotation to verify] Karhade Brahmins are generally thought to be a branch of the Deshastha Rigvedi's who immigrated from their home in Satara district to the southern part of Ratnagiri on the Konkan Coast, where they were principally settled.[citation needed]

Divisions[edit]

There are three divisions of Karhade Brahmins - Karhade(from Desh), Padye[3] and Bhatt Prabhu. Padyes hail from present day state of Goa.Karhades, who had mostly lived in the Desh area considered Padyes to be inferior. "Padhye" was a further division of "Padye" - and were Khots or farmers. Both these subcastes considered the Bhat-Prabhus to be outcastes, although the Bhat Prabhus were also Karhade Brahmins.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Most Karhade Brahmins live in Maharashtra and Karnataka though a significant population exists in the cities of Sagar[4] and Indore[5] in present day state of Madhya Pradesh.Ancestors of these people moved to these places during 18th century during the Maratha empire period.A southern branch of the Karhade Brahmins settled around the Kasargod region of the Malabar coast and they are called the "Karada Brahmins" and share their traditions with Kerala Brahmins and the Brahmins of South Karnataka.[6]

Culture[edit]

Traditionally, the Karhade Brahmins were a community of priests who offered religious services in Hindu temple and to other communities.[citation needed] They are followers of Smarta tradition, being essentially Rigvedi Brahmins who follow the Ashwalayana Sutra.[7]. Like their Deshastha counterparts, traditionally the karhade allowed cross-cousin marriages.[8]

Language[edit]

Marathi is the mother tongue of most of the Karhade Brahmins in Maharashtra.[9]

Diet[edit]

Karhade Brahmins generally follow a vegetarian diet.[10]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Patterson, Maureen L. P. (25 September 1954). "Caste and Political Leadership in Maharashtra: A Review and Current Appraisal" (PDF). The Economic Weekly: 1065. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  2. ^ Hirendra K. Rakshit (1975). Bio-anthropological Research in India: Proceedings of the Seminar in Physical Anthropology and Allied Disciplines. Anthropological Survey of India, Government of India. p. 68.
  3. ^ Borayin Larios (10 April 2017). Embodying the Vedas: Traditional Vedic Schools of Contemporary Maharashtra. De Gruyter. p. 91. ISBN 978-3-11-051732-3.
  4. ^ Roberts, John (1971). "The Movement of Elites in Western India under Early British Rule". The Historical Journal. 14 (2): 241–262. JSTOR 2637955.
  5. ^ Rodney W. Jones (1974). Urban Politics in India: Area, Power, and Policy in a Penetrated System. University of California Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-520-02545-5.
  6. ^ India's Communities, Volume 5. Oxford University Press. 1998. p. 1583. ISBN 9780195633542.
  7. ^ Karnataka State Gazetteer: Belgaum. Director of Print, Stationery and Publications at the Govt. Press. 1987. p. 199. The Karhades are the followers of Rigveda and belong to the Smartha sect
  8. ^ Karve, I., 1958. What is caste. Economic Weekly, 10(4), p.153.[1]
  9. ^ Vithal Raghavendra Mitragotri (1999). A socio-cultural history of Goa from the Bhojas to the Vijayanagara (PDF). Institute Menezes Braganza. p. 54.
  10. ^ India's Communities, Volume 5. Oxford University Press. 1998. p. 2079. ISBN 9780195633542.
  11. ^ Tucker, R., 1976. Hindu Traditionalism and Nationalist Ideologies in Nineteenth-Century Maharashtra. Modern Asian Studies, 10(3), pp.321-348.
  12. ^ Joyce Lebra (2008). Women Against the Raj: The Rani of Jhansi Regiment. p. 2. ISBN 9789812308092. Myth and history intertwine closely in the life if the Rani of Jhansi, known in childhood as Manu...She was born in the holy city of Varanasi to a Karhada brahmin , Moropant Tambe
  13. ^ Chapman 1986, p. 13.
  14. ^ Karve, D.D. (1963). The New Brahmans: Five Maharashtrian Families. Berkeley and Los Angeles: Univ of California Press. p. 5.
  15. ^ Natarajan, ed. by Nalini (1996). Handbook of twentieth century literatures of India (1. publ. ed.). Westport, Conn. [u.a.]: Greenwood Press. pp. 219, 221, 227. ISBN 9780313287787.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  16. ^ M. V. Kamath (1989). B.G. Kher, the Gentleman Premier. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. p. 5. Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant was a Karhade Brahmin whose ancestors went north from Karhatak.
  17. ^ Patterson, Maureen L. P. (1968). "Chitpavan Brahmin Family Histories: Sources for a Study of Social Structure and Social Change in Maharashtra". In Singer, Milton; Cohn, Bernard S. (eds.). Structure and Change in Indian society. Transaction Publishers. p. 533.
  18. ^ Sharma, Jyotirmaya (2007). Terrifying vision : M.S. Golwalkar, the RSS, and India. New Delhi: Penguin, Viking. p. x. ISBN 978-0670999507.

Bibliography[edit]