Karhu (sports brand)
|Ab Sportartiklar Oy |
|Industry||Sports equipment, textile|
|Parent||Karhu Holding B.V. |
Karhu is a Finnish sports equipment company, focused on running. Originally established as "Ab Sport Artiklar" in 1916, it renamed "Karhu" (meaning bear in Finnish) four years later. Karhu's line of products includes sneakers, t-shirts and jackets. In past years, Karhu also manufactured skis. In 2008, the company was sold to a group of investors that constituted "Karhu Holding B.V.".
The company was established in Helsinki, Finland, in 1916, as "AB Sportartiklar Oy". In 1920, the company renamed "Karhu", adopting a bear as its logo. In addition to the discuses and javelins that were Karhu's main products, the company also produced running shoes and track spikes.
The Karhu brand featured prominently at the 1920 Antwerp Olympic Games, where Finnish athletes took all three medals in javelin using Karhu javelins, and the "Flying Finns" took five gold medals on the track wearing Karhu spikes. Four years later, at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, Paavo Nurmi won five gold medals in track events "wearing a conspicuous pair of white Karhu running spikes".
In the 1930s Karhu's production expanded to include cross-country and ski jumping skis. During the Winter War and Continuation War, from 1939–1945, Karhu produced snow-camouflage suits, tents and skis for the Finnish military.
In 1952, Karhu sold the three stripes trademark it had been using to a then little known German brand called Adidas for the equivalent of 1,600 euros and two bottles of whiskey. In the 1960s Karhu began to use the M-logo, in replacement of the three stripes. The 'M' (that comes from "Mestari" which means "master" in Finnish) is still in use on Karhu shoes.
During successive years, Karhu's innovations included the first use of nylon and air cushioning in running shoes. The 1960s also saw the development of Karhu's line of pesäpallo (Finnish baseball) equipment. In 1966, the Karhu company changed its name to "Oy Urheilu Karhu Sport Ab". By 1968, Karhu launched the Trampas, a shoe that came in two versions, one for trainers and the another for casual wear. The shoe was a great success, being used by the Finnish Olympic team, being praised by Arthur Lydiard, who called them "the best training shoe in the world". A new name change came in 1972 to "Karhu-Titan", reflecting its strong ice hockey equipment brands Titan (sticks), Koho (protective and goaltender equipment) and Jofa (helmets).
By the 1980s the brand had started to struggle and sold off its outdoor shoe division to Merrell and its hockey division to The Hockey Company. However, a collaboration of research and design with the University of Jyväskylä led to the development of "Fulcrum technology". In 1982, Karhu launched the "Albatross" shoe model, one of the best-selling sneakers of that time. Two years later, the company launched the basketball shoe "Harlem Air" model.
In 1997, Karhu-Titan's name changed to Karhu Sporting Goods. In 2008, Karhu Sporting Goods sold the Karhu brand to Karhu Holding B.V., a Dutch holding company led by Huub Valkenburg and Jay Duke.
Karhu's main line of running shoes is based on their "Fulcrum Technology", which has been developed in cooperation with the University of Jyväskylä since the 1980s. The line includes several models for both men and women, intended to suit different types of pronation and training, off-road or trail running shoes and racing needs. In early 2000s, Karhu launched the M-Series, which earned popularity at the time, but was discontinued when Karhu was sold to foreign investors in 2008. In 2009, the Karhu Fulcrum Strong model of running shoe was awarded "Best Debut" by Runner's World magazine.
Karhu also released a line of casual shoes called Karhu Originals, a range of retro inspired footwear, which were nominated for "Sneaker of the Year 2005" at the Global Sports Style Awards in Munich in 2005.
Market share of Karhu skis were sold in Finland each year, but greatly reduced over past two decades by the fact the same factory also supplies Yoko and Järvinen branded skis and overall ski production in Kitee went down to about 1/10th due to national and global demand decline. The major export markets for Karhu skis were Sweden, Japan, Estonia and Germany. Production of Karhu skis was briefly leased and Sporten (Cz, Now Kästle Cz) made the Karhu skis between 2013 and 2015, but the license agreement was resigned with Kitee Ski oy (known until 2012 as Karhu Ski oy) in Kitee, now KSF Sport Oy, Finland.
- Hannu Teider (2006). Karhun aika 90-vuotis juhlakirja 1916-2006 (in Finnish). Karhu. ISBN 952-92-1206-2.
- Karhu history
- Finnish firm believes in natural power of Feet by Gary on Endurance.biz, May 28, 2020
- History Check: Over 100 Years of Karhu on Sneakers Mag
- Smit, Barbara (2007). Pitch Invasion, Adidas, Puma and the making of modern sport. Penguin. p. 44. ISBN 0-14-102368-6.
- Three stripes and Karhu
- EU COURT RULES THAT ADIDAS' ICONIC THREE STRIPES TRADEMARK IS INVALID BY HEATHER SNOWDEN on HighSnobiety
- Vehmanen, Jukka (18 December 2010). "Karhu kirmaisee juoksuun". Turun Sanomat (in Finnish). Turku, Finland. p. 12.
- Simon Chadwick, Dave Arthur (2007). International cases in the business of sport. Butterworth-Heinemann. p. 438. ISBN 0-7506-8543-3.
- "Industry Veterans Acquire Finnish Running Brand, KARHU". PRNewswire. 25 June 2008.
- "Karhu-merkki tallustaa ulkomaille". Taloussanomat. 25 June 2008.
- Karhu by Fausto Sottini on Venti5 Shop, 12 Apr 2020
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-07. Retrieved 2009-08-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Itkonen, Anja (18 December 2010). "Hiihtobuumi ja pitopohja vahvistavat suksiyhtiöitä". Turun Sanomat (in Finnish). Turku, Finland. p. 12.
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