Karim Massimov

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Karim Massimov
Кәрім Мәсімов
Karim Masimov.jpg
State Secretary of Kazakhstan
Acting
In office
21 January 2014 – 2 April 2014
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Preceded byMarat Tazhin
Succeeded byAdilbek Zhaksybekov
Head of the Presidential Administration of Kazakhstan
In office
24 September 2012 – 2 April 2014
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Preceded byAslan Musin
Succeeded byNurlan Nigmatulin
13th Chairman of the National Security Committee
Assumed office
8 September 2016
PresidentKassym-Jomart Tokayev
Nursultan Nazarbayev
Preceded byVladimir Zhumakanov
7th Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
In office
2 April 2014 – 8 September 2016
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
First DeputyBakhytzhan Sagintayev
Preceded bySerik Akhmetov
Succeeded byBakhytzhan Sagintayev
In office
10 January 2007 – 24 September 2012
First DeputyUmirzak Shukeyev
(2009–2011)
Serik Akhmetov
(2012)
Krymbek Kusherbayev
(2012–2013)
Preceded byDaniyal Akhmetov
Succeeded bySerik Akhmetov
Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
In office
18 January 2006 – 10 January 2007
Prime MinisterDaniyal Akhmetov
In office
27 November 2001 – June 2003
Prime MinisterKassym-Jomart Tokayev
(2001–2002)
Imangali Tasmagambetov
(2002–2003)
Minister of Economy and Budget Planning
In office
20 April 2006 – 13 October 2006
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Prime MinisterDaniyal Akhmetov
Preceded byKairat Kelimbetov
Succeeded byAslan Musin
Minister of Transport and Communications
In office
7 August 2000 – 27 November 2001
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Prime MinisterDaniyal Akhmetov
Preceded bySerik Burkitbaev
Succeeded byAbilay Mirzahmetov
Personal details
Born (1965-06-15) 15 June 1965 (age 55)
Tselinograd (now Nur-Sultan), Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union
NationalityKazakh
Political partyNur Otan
Alma materPeoples' Friendship University

Karim Qajymqanuly Massimov (Kazakh: Kárim Qajymqanuly Másimov, [kæɾɪm qɑʑəmqɑˈnʊlə mæsɪmof]; born 15 June 1965)[1] is a Kazakh politician who served as a Prime Minister of Kazakhstan from 10 January 2007[2] to 24 September 2012 and again from 2 April 2014 to 8 September 2016.[3]

Massimov served as Deputy Prime Minister from 19 January 2006 to 9 January 2007[4] and as Minister of Economy and Budget Planning, Minister of Transport and Communications in 2001.[5] President Nursultan Äbishuly Nazarbayev nominated Massimov to succeed Daniyal Akhmetov as Prime Minister on 9 January 2007.[1] The Nur Otan party endorsed Massimov's candidacy and Parliament confirmed the nomination on 10 January.

On 24 September 2012, Massimov's Premiership ended when President Nazarbayev dismissed him as from the position,[6] appointing him chief of staff of the presidential office in order to readjust the power balance between various factions within the government.[7] Since September 2016, he has been the incumbent was the head of Kazakhstan's National Security Committee.[8]

Early life and career[edit]

Born in Tselinograd (now Nur-Sultan) in Kazakh SSR to the parents of Eleanor Azhibekova and Kazhimkan Massimov.[1] His father held various managerial positions such as being the director of the Burundai Production Association of Wall Materials, deputy chief of the Glavtopsnab under the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR, director of the Massimov Health Center LLP. In addition, he was president organizations of the National Agro-Industrial Chamber of Kazakhstan and the Kazakhstan Yoga Association.

Education[edit]

In 1982, Massimov graduated from the Republican Physics and Mathematics Boarding School in Alma-Ata.[9]

From 1985 to 1988, he studied at the People's Friendship University of Russia where he learned Arabic, then the Alma-Ata Institute of National Economy.[9]

From 1988 to 1989, Massimov studied Chinese at the Beijing Institute of Language, taught at Wuhan University School of Law from 1989 to 1991, and then the Columbia University in New York City. In 1998, he graduated from the graduate school of Kazakh State Academy of Management, and in 1999, Massimov earned a doctoral degree from the Moscow State University of Technologies and Management named after K.G. Razumovskiy.[9]

That same year, he defended his doctoral dissertation on the topic "Problems of the formation of industry of the Republic of Kazakhstan and ways to solve them (theory and practice)."

Business career[edit]

From 1992 to 1995, Massimov worked at Kazakhstan's commercial structures in China and Hong Kong. From 1995 to 1997 he was the chairman of the Board of the Almaty Trade and Financial Bank. While serving that post, Massimov became an acting chairman of the Board of Turanbank in 1996. From 1997 to 2000, he served as the chairman of the Board of the People's Savings Bank of Kazakhstan.[9]

Political career[edit]

In 1991, Massimov became the head of the Department of the Ministry of Labour.[9]

On 7 August 2000, he was appointed as the Minister of Transport and Communications.[10] On 27 November 2001, he became the Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan.[11] Massimov served the post until June 2003, he was appointed as an assistant to the President of Kazakhstan.

Massimov again became the Deputy PM on 18 January 2006, and was simultaneously as the Minister of Economy from 19 April to 13 October 2006.[12][13]

Foreign policy[edit]

China[edit]

Massimov is considered a China expert.[14] China has become an important strategic partner for Kazakhstan in recent years and the two countries are working closely together to develop Kazakhstan's energy resources. Massimov visited Beijing, China with Finance Minister Natalya Korzhova, Transport and Communications Minister Serik Akhmetov, and Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Baktykozha Izmukhambetov from 16 to 17 November 2006. Massimov co-chaired the third meeting of the China-Kazakhstan Cooperation Committee with Chinese Vice Premier Wu Yi. Several accords between agencies of the two governments were signed.[15] Massimov later met with Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao.[16] Meanwhile, Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev met with Liu Qi, secretary of the Beijing Party Committee, in Astana. Secretary Liu said was "very nice for me to visit your beautiful country at Otan's invitation. The goal of the visit is to deepen cooperation and mutual understanding between our countries."[17]

Iran[edit]

On 28 March 2002 in an article in Izvestia, Massimov announced that the Government of Kazakhstan planned to increase wheat exports to Iran from 100,000 to two million tons.[18]

Israel[edit]

Massimov with President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev on 5 July 2010
Massimov with Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ecuador Ricardo Patiño on 4 July 2014

Massimov and Israeli Vice Premier Shimon Peres announced from Jerusalem on 29 October 2006 that the state-owned National Innovation Fund of Kazakhstan would begin investing in the Peace Valley project and other projects in the Middle East. Massimov said, "I came to Israel with a clear message to the nation in Zion from the president, that Kazakhstan is a moderate Muslim state which is interested in being involved in the Middle East. Kazakhstan intends to found political and economic ties with Israel and its neighbors." Massimov mentioned the Dead Sea canal and expressed desire to create a free trade zone. Vice Premier Peres and Massimov agreed to establish an agriculture-school in each country. The NIF has given US$10 million to Israeli VC fund Vertex.[19]

Massimov also met with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, who praised Kazakhstan for showing a "beautiful face of Islam. Contemporary, ever-developing Kazakhstan is a perfect example of both economic development and interethnic accord that should be followed by more Muslim states."[20]

Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (2007–2012, 2012–2014)[edit]

Nomination for Prime Minister[edit]

President Nazarbayev nominated Massimov to succeed Daniyal Akhmetov as Prime Minister on 9 January 2007.[1] Akhmetov resigned on 8 January without explanation. Analysts attributed Akhmetov's political downfall to the President's criticism of his administrative oversight of the economy.[1][21] The Parliament voted overwhelmingly in favor of the nomination on 10 January with 37 out of 39 Senators and 66 of 77 Assemblymen from the Majilis voting for Massimov. Akhmetov became the Defense Minister, replacing Mukhtar Altynbayev.[22]

First term (2007–2012)[edit]

In an interview to Echo of Moscow radio on 12 December 2008, Massimov said about himself: "I myself am an Internet user, I myself am a blogger." A couple of months later, he opened his blog on the government's website, explaining the need to provide high-quality, interesting and useful information about the socio-economic situation in the country.[23] From that moment on, members of the government actively went online. Ministers' accounts appeared in many social networks, and virtual blogs have replaced real receptions.[24]

Massimov's government faced the worldwide Great Recession. On 4 February 2009, the National Bank of Kazakhstan devalued the Kazakhstani tenge by 22%. Massimov ordered to stabilize prices in Kazakhstan by instructing law enforcement agencies to ensure that the dollar exchange rate fluctuates within 150 tenge plus or minus 3%.[25]

Massimov was directly involved in the preparation for the 2011 Asian Winter Games, by ordering to make the facilities accessible to ordinary citizens "so that they could improve their sports skills."[24]

On 24 September 2012, Massimov announced his resignation from the post of the PM, which was accepted by President Nursultan Nazarbayev in which he explained "his work fell on the time of the strongest global financial and economic crisis, and our country came out with honor, this is a large part of the merit of the government and the prime minister. When a person is already tired and wants to change his position, and he explains this by the fact that a new man, I heeded this and released him."[26][27]

Second term (2014–2016)[edit]

On 2 April 2014, Massimov was reappointed again as the PM after replacing Serik Akhmetov. The possible reason was due to the economic troubles under Akhmetov in the country which faced lower GDP growth and devaluation of the tenge by 20% in February 2014 with Massimov having a better experience in running the government for such issues.[28] After the annexation of Crimea by the Russia in March 2014 which resulted in international sanctions against Kazakhstan's main trading partner, Russia. Exports between two countries shrank by 24.6%.[29] In October 2014, the world faced an oil glut which the prices of oil per barrel fell to 4-year low of 82.93$.[30] On 20 August 2015, the tenge lost 20% of its value due to the country's transition to a freely floating exchange rate of the currency.[31] In response to the crisis, Massimov believed that without the intervention from the government, the economy would experience a default with its growth being restored along with an increase in credit and investment activity, creation of new jobs as well as the reduction of inflation. By the end of 2015, the tenge was seen as the most depreciated currency in Europe and the CIS countries with the currency being depreciated by 85.2%.[24][32]

In the upcoming Expo 2017 event, Massimov visited facilities under construction and controlled the preparation process. During his tenure, a corruption scandal broke out in June 2015 over the company which the officials were accused of embezzling 10 billion ₸.[33] Court hearings lasted several months which resulted in the ex-head of the national company Talgat Ermegiyaev was sentenced to 14 years in June 2016 after being found guilty of embezzling 5.9 billion ₸.[34]

Massimov served as the chairman of the Bid Organizing Committee of Kazakhstan, which presented Almaty as a city for the 2022 Winter Olympics. In his address to the International Olympic Committee, he assured the IOC by saying “we are a great opportunity to prove that developing countries can successfully host the Winter Games. We are a great opportunity to give Olympic and Paralympic athletes the true Winter Games experience they deserve and will life. We are a brilliant opportunity to demonstrate the true long-term strength of the Olympic legacy in a region that has never hosted the Games."[35] Despite Massimov's statements, Beijing instead in July 2015 was chosen to hold the Olympics, receiving 44 votes against 40 for Kazakhstan.[36]

In September 2015, the Massimov's government allowed the prices for the most popular grade of fuel in Kazakhstan, the AI-92, to float freely. From 108 ₸ per liter the price at some gas stations jumped almost to 150 ₸.[37] The price eventually leveled off at around 128 ₸ per liter of fuel.[38] In August 2016, the Government again deregulated of the fuel and lubricants market and struck diesel fuel from the list of products which maximum prices are set. As a result, the price of diesel fuel almost equaled to AI-92 by rising from 99 ₸ to 110-115 ₸.[39]

He served that post until he was succeeded by Bakhytzhan Sagintayev.[40][3]

Post-Premiership[edit]

After being relieved from his post as the PM, Massimov, while serving as the Head of the Presidential Administration, was also the Acting State Secretary of Kazakhstan from 21 January 2014 to 2 April 2014.[41]

On 8 September 2016, he became the chairman of National Security Committee.[8]

Personal life[edit]

Karim Massimov is ethnically Kazakh and is a born citizen of Kazakhstan.[42] He is fluent in Kazakh, Russian, Chinese, English and Arabic.[22] At the same time, he is thought to be well connected within the Kremlin.[43]

Massimov is married and has three kids. His hobbies are books, Muay Thai, skiing, rock climbing[44] and golf.

Martial arts[edit]

Massimov was the President of Federation of Amateur Muaythai of Asia (FAMA) in 2010. The FAMA and the Continental Federation of International Federation of Muaythai Amateurs (IFMA) in Asia is the first Continental Federation since 1991, supporting the work and efforts of the IFMA.[45] He then was nominated and went on to assume the position of Vice President of the IFMA, President of Muaythai federation in Kazakhstan and Vice-President of World Muaythai Council (WMC).[46]

In 2012, Massimov was unanimously re-elected for another four-year term to head the Asian federation, which is recognised by the Olympic Council of Asia.[47] He showed his support for the sport in an interview in which he stated that the sport "brings together athletes from across the world to train and compete with honour and in the spirit of cultural exchange and understanding."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Kazakhstan moves to name new PM United Press International
  2. ^ "Kazakhstan appoints new PM". Television New Zealand. Reuters. 10 January 2007. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  3. ^ a b Diplomat, Catherine Putz, The. "To Tweet or Not to Tweet: How Did Kazakhstan's PM Lose His Job?". The Diplomat. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  4. ^ Kazakhstan CIA The World Factbook
  5. ^ Kazakh delegation in Uzbekistan to discuss transport, telecommunications UzbekWorld
  6. ^ "Kazakh PM Demoted After Social-Media Blitz". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  7. ^ Gordeyeva, Mariya. "Kazakh PM Karim Masimov resigns: presidential press service". Reuters. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  8. ^ a b Gizitdinov, Nariman (8 September 2016). "Kazakh Premier Shifted to Security Chief as Economy Falters". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Масимов Карим Кажимканович ▷ биография, фото, должность". kapital.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  10. ^ "Указ Президента Республики Казахстан, 8 августа 2000 года". www.neweurasia.info (in Russian). Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  11. ^ Первый Президент Республики Казахстан Нурсултан Назарбаев. Хроника деятельности. 2001 год (PDF) (in Russian). Astana: Деловой Мир Астана. 2009. pp. 138, 303. ISBN 978-601-7259-15-0.
  12. ^ Жихорь, Юлиана (20 January 2016). "НП.kz События". www.np.kz. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  13. ^ "Указом Главы государства Масимов Карим Кажимканович назначен Заместителем Премьер-Министра Республики Казахстан - Министром экономики и бюджетного планирования с освобождением от ранее занимаемой должности. — Официальный сайт Президента Республики Казахстан". Akorda.kz (in Russian). 19 April 2006. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  14. ^ "Background on Karim Massimov". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  15. ^ China-Kazakh Cooperation Committee Meets Kazakhstan Today
  16. ^ Astana, Beijing Sign Partnership Agreement RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
  17. ^ China, Kazakhstan strengthen ties Kazinform
  18. ^ Kazakhstan to increase wheat exports to Iran
  19. ^ Kazakhstan oil fund to invest millions in Israel Globes
  20. ^ Kazakhs seek stronger ties with Israel Archived 11 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine Jerusalem Post
  21. ^ Oil-rich Kazakhstan's prime minister resigns USA Today
  22. ^ a b Kazakh Parliament approves new Prime Minister RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
  23. ^ Карим, Масимов. "Карим Масимов — Интервью — Эхо Москвы, 12.12.2008". Эхо Москвы (in Russian). Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  24. ^ a b c Анастасия, Разина (8 September 2016). "Чем запомнился Карим Масимов на посту премьер-министра". informburo.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  25. ^ tengrinews.kz (4 February 2009). "Казахстан вводит жесткий контроль за ценами и курсом тенге". Tengrinews.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  26. ^ Торебаева, Мадия (25 September 2012). "Рокировка в правительстве Казахстана: почему ушел Масимов". dw.com (in Russian). Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  27. ^ Gorst, Isabel (24 September 2012). "Kazakhstan's musical chairs". www.ft.com. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  28. ^ Voloshin, George (9 April 2014). "Kazakhstan's New Prime Minister to Fix Economic Problems". Jamestown. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  29. ^ Lillis, Joanna (24 September 2014). "Kazakhstan: Is Sanctions-Hit Kremlin Dragging Astana Down? | Eurasianet". eurasianet.org. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  30. ^ Lillis, Joanna (27 October 2014). "Kazakhstan: Can Astana Survive an Oil Price Slump? | Eurasianet". eurasianet.org. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  31. ^ Gordeyeva, Mariya; Solovyov, Dmitry (20 August 2015). "Kazakhstan floats tenge, currency tumbles". Reuters. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  32. ^ "Kazakhstan: Tenge devaluation and economy. Devaluation in Kazakhstan: facts, history, forecasts and consequences - Economy 2021". Public welfare. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  33. ^ Sorbello, Paolo (30 June 2015). "EXPO in Kazakhstan Becomes Corruption Show". thediplomat.com. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  34. ^ "Former Kazakh sports minister sentenced to 14 years in prison for corruption". www.intellinews.com. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  35. ^ "Beijing to host 2022 Winter Olympics, becomes 1st city to host winter and summer games". Sports Illustrated. Wire S. I. 31 July 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  36. ^ "Beijing wins election to host 2022 Winter Olympics". USA TODAY. 31 July 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  37. ^ Кулмаганбетова, Диана (4 September 2015). "Цены на бензин марки АИ-92 в Казахстане прогнозируют в пределах 140-150 тенге". informburo.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  38. ^ TODAY.KZ (6 June 2018). "За последние 10 лет бензин в Казахстане подорожал на 95 процентов". Today.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  39. ^ "В Казахстане резко подорожало дизтопливо". kapital.kz (in Russian). 8 August 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  40. ^ "Kazakhstan: Massimov Returns as Prime Minister". Stratfor. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  41. ^ "Усть-Каменогорск Врио госсекретаря Казахстана назначен Карим Масимов". yk.kz (in Russian). 21 January 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  42. ^ Who Will Run Post-Nazarbayev Kazakhstan? Diplomat
  43. ^ Kazakhstan: Massimov May Signal New Reform Priorities
  44. ^ Kazakhstan's Prime Minister Karim Massimov discovers mountain climbing
  45. ^ http://www.ifmamuaythai.org/support-for-ifma/personalities/he-karim-massimov/
  46. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  47. ^ http://www.ifmamuaythai.org/tag/karim-massimov/

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Daniyal Akhmetov
Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
2007–2012
Succeeded by
Serik Akhmetov
Preceded by
Serik Akhmetov
Prime Minister of Kazakhstan
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Bakhytzhan Sagintayev