Karimnagar

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Karimnagar
కరీంనగర్

کریم نگر
City
Elgandal Fort in Karimnagar
Elgandal Fort in Karimnagar
Karimnagar is located in Telangana
Karimnagar
Karimnagar
Karimnagar is located in India
Karimnagar
Karimnagar
Coordinates: 18°26′13″N 79°07′27″E / 18.43694°N 79.12417°E / 18.43694; 79.12417Coordinates: 18°26′13″N 79°07′27″E / 18.43694°N 79.12417°E / 18.43694; 79.12417
Country India
State Telangana
District Karimnagar
Government
 • Body Karimnagar Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Sardar Ravindar Singh
 • MLA Gangula Kamalakar
 • MP B. Vinod Kumar
Area[1]
 • Total 23.50 km2 (9.07 sq mi)
Elevation 275 m (902 ft)
Population (2011)[1][2]
 • Total 261,185
 • Density 11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 505 001
Telephone code 91-878-
ISO 3166 code IN-TG
Vehicle registration TS–02[3]
Sex ratio 981.4 /
Literacy 85.82
Website Karimnagar Municipal Corporation

Karimnagar is a Municipal Corporation and district head quarters of Karimnagar district of Telangana state.[4][5] It is situated on the banks of Manair River, which is a tributary of the Godavari River.It is the fourth largest and fastest growing urban settlement in the state, according to 2011 census. It has registered a population growth rate of 45.46% and 38.87% respectively over the past two decades between 1991 to 2011, which is highest growth rate among major cities of Telangana.[6] It serves as a major educational and health hub for the northern districts of Telangana.[7] It is a major business center and widely known for Granite and Agro-based industries.[8][9]

It has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.[10]

Etymology[edit]

During the Nizam era, the name Karimnagar was named for a village by an Elgandal Qiladar, Syed Karimuddin.[11]

History[edit]

Satavahana dynasty[edit]

Kotilingala in Karimnagar district was the first capital of the Satavahana Kingdom (230 BCE–220 CE). Formerly known as Sabbinadu, inscriptions dating to the Kakatiya dynasty (1083–1323) by kings Prola II and Prataparudra found at Karimnagar and Srisailam provide evidence of the area's rich history.[12]

The history of the Karimnagar district began in the Old Stone Age around 1,48,000 BC. Archaeological excavations in Pedda Bonkur, Dhulikatta and Kotilingalu show that the area was once ruled by the Satvahanas, Mauryas and Asaf Jahis.[13]

Modern era

It was previously part of Hyderabad State before 1 November 1956, Andhra Pradesh state till 2 June 2014 and became the part of newly formed state of Telangana by Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.

Demographics[edit]

Karimnagar has a population of 261,185 within its corporation limits, according to 2011 census, making it Fourth largest city in Telangana state.Karimnagar Urban Agglomeration comprising Municipal Corporation(2,61,185), its out growths (28,636) and a Census town (Rekurthi:7,626) together constitute a population of 297,447. City out growths include Bommakal (with a population of 9,031), Arepalle (6,987), Alugunur (6,164), Chinthakunta (3,437) and Sitharampur (3,017). Besides these outgrowths, there are many sub-urban areas on the outskirts, which are yet to be merged into corporation limits.It is the most densely populated city in Telangana, with a density of 11,114 persons per sq.km.

Karimnagar city has a literacy rate of 85.82%, which is highest urban literacy rate in Telangana state. Karimnagar urban agglomeration has a literacy rate of 84.93% which is almost equal to the National Urban average of 85%. The literacy rate for males and females for Karimnagar urban region stood at 91.06% and 78.69% respectively.[14][15]

Religions in Karimnagar[16][17]
Religion Percentage
Hindu
  
77.10%
Muslim
  
18.7%
Christian
  
3.2%
Others
  
1.0%

Climate[edit]

Dense Clouds over LMD Reservoir at Karimnagar

Karimnagar experiences dry inland climatic conditions with hot summers and cool winters.[18] The city of Karimnagar gets most of its rainfall from the Southwest monsoon. The summer season is extremely hot, but temperatures decline with the onset of the monsoons, and the winter season is generally cool. The most popular tourist season is from November to February.

The summer season starts in March and can continue through early June. During this period temperatures range from a minimum of 27 °C to a maximum of 39 °C. The highest recorded temperature in the area is around 44 °C. Nights are much cooler, and the humidity is around 50%. October and November experiences increased rainfall from the Northeast monsoon. During this time, daytime temperatures average around 30 °C. The winter season starts in December and lasts through February. During this time, temperatures range from a minimum of 20 °C to a maximum of 35 °C.

Climate data for Karimnagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
33
(91)
37
(99)
40
(104)
42
(108)
37
(99)
33
(91)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
34.4
(94)
Average low °C (°F) 16
(61)
19
(66)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
22
(72)
18
(64)
15
(59)
22.2
(71.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.26)
8
(0.31)
43
(1.69)
17
(0.67)
41
(1.61)
162
(6.38)
204
(8.03)
126
(4.96)
133
(5.24)
75
(2.95)
48
(1.89)
18
(0.71)
907
(35.7)
Source: Sunmap

Civic administration[edit]

Karimnagar Municipal Corporation is the civic body that administers the city. It was constituted as a third grade municipality in the year 1952, as a second grade in 1959, first grade in 1984, special grade grade in 1996, selection grade in 1999 and finally upgraded to corporation in 2005.[11]

Despite of city growing in leaps and bounds, the area of the civic body remaining unaltered. Eversince the municipality was upgraded into corporation in 2005, the merger of adjoining villages on the outskirts with the Corporation was being met with wide opposition from local village authorities. [19][20]

Healthcare[edit]

Apollo Reach Hospitals,Karimnagar

Karimnagar has evolved into a major health centre at the beginning of the 21st century because it is centrally located to all the talukas like Jagtial, Sircilla, Ramagundam, Kodimyal, Manthani, Huzurabad, Jammikunta, Husnabad, Choppadandi, Malyal and Gangadhara. Patients come from all over the surrounding districts. Government Civil Hospital is the dominant medical institution.[21]

Culture[edit]

Telugu is the major language spoken in Karimnagar; Urdu is also widely spoken. The typical attire includes the traditional Chira and Pancha, and also modern dress styles. Karimnagar Silver Filigree is one of the local silverware handicrafts.

Religious worships and Festivals

The spring festival of Bathukamma is typical in this region. Other major Hindu festivals celebrated in the region include Ugadi, Sri Ramanavami, Vinayaka Chavithi, Holi, Sri Krishna Janmashtami, Dasara, Deepavali, Sankranti, and Maha Sivaratri. Muslims in this area also celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Ramadan (ninth month of the Islamic calendar), Laylat al-Qadr (Shab-e-Qadr), Isra and Mi'raj (Shab-e-Meraj), Shab-e-barat (Mid-Sha'ban), Milad-un-Nabi (Mawlid) and Muharram (Day of Ashura). These are usually greeted with great pomp and ceremony. Christians in this area celebrate Christmas and Good Friday.

Raja Rajeshwara Temple at Vemulawada,[22] Narasimha Temple at Dharmapuri, [23] Anjaneya Temple at Kondagattu,[24] Veerabhadra Temple at Kothakonda and Swayambhu Narasimha Swamy Temple at Nustulapur are some of the prominent and famous religious destinations.[25]

Cuisine

See also: Telugu cuisine

Sakinalu is one of the many traditional snacks made in Karimnagar, especially for the Sankranti festival. They are made of rice flour and sesame seeds, and fried in oil. Biryani is a common cuisine of the state. Sarvapindi is another traditional snack native to the Telangana state.

Notable personalities

There are many people who made their mark in different fields such as, Chennamaneni Vidyasagar Rao in politics, N. Kumarayya, G. Ram Reddy, Anabheri Prabhakar Rao, Dadasaheb Phalke Award recipient, Paidi Jairaj.sir P v narasimha rao ex: prime minister of India

Transport[edit]

A Train halts at the Railway Station in Karimnagar.

The city is connected to major cities and towns by means of road and railways. State highways that pass through the city are State highway 1 which is also known as Rajiv Rahadhari connects with the Hyderabad-Karimnagar-Ramagundam Hwy coal belt, State highway 7 and 10.[26] TSRTC operates buses to various destinations from Karimnagar bus station of the city.[27] Karimnagar railway station provides rail connectivity to the city, located on the Peddapalli-Nizamabad section of New Delhi–Chennai main line. It is under the jurisdiction of Secunderabad railway division of the South Central Railway zone.[28] There is a proposal to also construct a railway line from Manoharabad(near secunderabad) to Kotthapalli, which is 8 km away from Karimnagar city.

Education[edit]

Karimnagar is a major education centre in North-western Telangana and has produced many renowned intellectuals, politicians, poets and technologists over several decades. P.V. Narasimha Rao, former Indian Prime Minister, is among them. Another was Justice N. Kumarayya, who retired as Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh and worked for five years as a Judge of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal beginning in 1980. He had the unique distinction of being the first Osmanian ever to become a High Court Judge in 1955, and later Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh in 1969. Many software students, born and educated in Karimnagar, have migrated to major metropolitan areas in India and across the globe.

Universities

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Basic Information of Municipality". Karimnagar Municipal Corporatio. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  3. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook – Karimnagar" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 12,364. Retrieved 2 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "Karimnagar District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 50,110. Retrieved 2 October 2016. 
  6. ^ http://www.epw.in/journal/2014/37/reports-states-web-exclusives/skewed-urban-development-telangana.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ "Karimnagar replaces Hyderabad in Smart City plan". 17 June 2016 – via The Hindu. 
  11. ^ a b "About Karimnagar | Karimnagar Corporation". mckarimnagar.in. Retrieved 2 October 2016. 
  12. ^ "About Karimnagar District". 
  13. ^ "Tourism in Karimnagar". Tourism Karimnagar. Retrieved 2014-12-07. 
  14. ^ "Karimnagar Urban Region Demographics". 
  15. ^ "Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". 
  16. ^ "Karimnagar – Online Telangana News-Latest Telangana News-Telangana Updated News". thetelanganareporter.com. 
  17. ^ "Karimnagar City Population Census 2011 - Andhra Pradesh". census2011.co.in. 
  18. ^ Weather conditions/Climate in the city of Karimnagar. Mustseeindia.com.
  19. ^ [4]
  20. ^ [5]
  21. ^ Major hospitals in Karimnagar. Ekarimnagar.com.
  22. ^ vemulawada, Lord shiva. "temple". Vemulawada Temple. 
  23. ^ Temple, Sri Laxmi Narasimha Swamy. "Narasimha Swamy Temple". www.srilakshminarasimha.org/. 
  24. ^ TEMPLE, Sri Anjaneya Swamy. "JAI Hanuman". www.kondagattu.org/index1.htm. Temple Developers. 
  25. ^ "Welcome Sri Veerabadra Swamy Devasthanam, Kothakonda Temple.org, Bheemadevarapalli mandal in Karimnagar district.". kothakondatemple.org. 
  26. ^ Dyashankar, K.M. (20 June 2013). "For State Highway-1, double is trouble". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  27. ^ "Bus Stations". TSRTC. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  28. ^ "Evolution of Guntur Division" (PDF). South Central Railway. p. 3. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  29. ^ Satavahana University. Satavahana.ac.in.

External links[edit]