Karimnagar

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Karimnagar
కరీంనగర్
City
Teen Minar at Elgandal Fort
Teen Minar at Elgandal Fort
Nickname(s): "Town of Granites"
Karimnagar is located in Andhra Pradesh
Karimnagar
Karimnagar
Coordinates: 18°26′13″N 79°07′27″E / 18.43694°N 79.12417°E / 18.43694; 79.12417Coordinates: 18°26′13″N 79°07′27″E / 18.43694°N 79.12417°E / 18.43694; 79.12417
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Telangana
District Karimnagar
Named for Syed Kareemullah Shah Saheb Quadri
Government
 • Body Karimnagar Municipal Corporation
 • M.L.A Gangula Kamalakar
 • M.P Ponnam Prabhakar Goud
Area
 • Total 151.99 km2 (58.68 sq mi)
Elevation 265 m (869 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 299,660
 • Rank 12, Andhra Pradesh
 • Density 11,115/km2 (28,790/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 505001-505002
Telephone code 91-878-
Vehicle registration AP 15
Sex ratio 1.014 /
HDI Increase 0.572
HDI Category medium
Literacy 84.93%
Planning agency Karimnagar Municipal Corporation
Climate Tropical (Köppen)
Precipitation 995 millimetres (39.2 in)
Avg. annual temperature 31 °C (88 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 37 °C (99 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 22 °C (72 °F)

Karimnagar is a City and Municipal Corporation in the state of Andhra Pradesh, and Fourth most populous city in the Telangana region. Thy city is located on the banks of the Manair River, which is a tributary of the Godavari River.

The city is an Urban Agglomeration coming under category of Class I UAs/Towns and governed by Municipal Corporation of Karimnagar Urban Region. [1] It is the administrative headquarters of Karimnagar District. Karimnagar is situated 165 kilometres (103 mi) north of Hyderabad, the state capital.[2]

History[edit]

The city was named after Syed Karimuddin, who is thought to be its founder. Karimnagar was formerly known as 'Sabbinadu' and inscriptions of the Kakatiya king Prola II and Prataparudra found at Karimnagar and Srisailam suggest evidence of its rich history.[3]

The history of the Karimnagar district starts from the Old Stone Age i.e. from 1,48,000 BC. It is evident from the tools, culture and other materials found at different places in Karimnagar. The exhaustions at Pedda Bonkur, Dhollikatte and Kotilingalu are evidences for history.

From these evidences it is concluded that Karimnagar is ruled by Shathavahanas. After Shathavahanas Mourya Kings, Asafzalu Kings ruled over Karimnagar. The buildings, constructions made by these kings are today remarkable evidences of the history.[4]

Demographics[edit]

The city municipal limits has a population of 2,60,899 (2011 Census),while the population of Karimnagar UA/Metropolitan region is 299,660. The literacy rate of Karimnagar Agglomeration is 84.93% which is almost equals to National Urban average of 85 %. Literacy rate for male and female for Karimnagar stood at 91.06 % and 78.69 % respectively. Total literates in Karimnagar UA were 229,903 of which males were 124,236 and remaining 105,667 were females. [5]

Religions in Karimnagar
Religion Percentage
Hindu
  
93%
Muslim
  
6%
Christian
  
0.59%
Others
  
0.4%

Administration[edit]

The city of Karimnagar is run by the Karimnagar Municipal Corporation.[6] The Municipality of Karimnagar was incorporated in 2005. Karimnagar is run by the Karimnagar Municipal Corporation, consisting of elected representatives and a commissioner. The city is divided into wards, and each ward elects a corporator. A mayor is elected for the city from the elected corporators by indirect ballot. The commissioner (part of the IAS) is appointed by the state government. The city is represented at the state level in the Andhra Pradesh State Legislative Assembly by two MLAs, and at the federal level in the Lok Sabha by an MP.

Climate[edit]

Scenery at LMD Reservoir

Karimnagar experiences dry inland climatic conditions with hot summers and cool winters.[7] The city of Karimnagar gets most of its rainfall from the Southwest monsoon. The summer season is extremely hot, but temperatures decline with the onset of the monsoons, and the winter season is generally cool. The most popular tourist season is from November to February.

The summer season starts in March and can continue through early June. During this period temperatures range from a minimum of 27 °C to a maximum of 39 °C. The highest recorded temperature in the area is around 44 °C. Nights are much cooler, and the humidity is around 50%. October and November experiences increased rainfall from the Northeast monsoon. During this time, daytime temperatures average around 30 °C. The winter season starts in December and lasts through February. During this time, temperatures range from a minimum of 20 °C to a maximum of 35 °C.

Climate data for Karimnagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
33
(91)
37
(99)
40
(104)
42
(108)
37
(99)
33
(91)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
34.4
(94)
Average low °C (°F) 16
(61)
19
(66)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
22
(72)
18
(64)
15
(59)
22.2
(71.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.26)
8
(0.31)
43
(1.69)
17
(0.67)
41
(1.61)
162
(6.38)
204
(8.03)
126
(4.96)
133
(5.24)
75
(2.95)
48
(1.89)
18
(0.71)
907
(35.7)
Source: Sunmap

Culture and cuisine[edit]

Culture[edit]

Telugu is the major language spoken in Karimnagar; Urdu is also widely spoken. The typical attire includes the traditional Chira and Pancha, and also modern dress styles.

Festivals[edit]

The spring festival of Bathukamma is typical in this region. Other major Hindu festivals celebrated in the region include Ugadi, Sri Ramanavami, Vinayaka Chavithi, Holi, Sri Krishna Janmashtami, Dasara, Deepavali, Sankranti, and Maha Sivaratri.

Muslims in this area also celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Ramadan (ninth month of the Islamic calendar), Laylat al-Qadr (Shab-e-Qadr), Isra and Mi'raj (Shab-e-Meraj), Shab-e-barat (Mid-Sha'ban), Milad-un-Nabi (Mawlid) and Muharram (Day of Ashura). These are usually greeted with great pomp and ceremony. Christians in this area celebrate Christmas and Good Friday.

Cuisine[edit]

Sakinalu is one of the many traditional snacks made in Karimnagar,[8] especially for the Sankranti festival. They are made of rice flour and sesame seeds, and fried in oil.

Sarvapindi is another traditional snack native to the Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh.[9]

Handicrafts[edit]

Karimnagar Silver Filigree is one of the local silverware handicrafts.

Transportation[edit]

The APSRTC Garuda,[10] connects Karimnagar with neighbouring cities.

Road[edit]

Karimnagar city is located 162 kilometres from Hyderabad, 70 kilometres from Warangal and 150 kilometres from Nizamabad. APSRTC (Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation), has a Zonal headquarters (covering Adilabad, Nizamabad, Warangal, Khammam, and Karimnagar Districts) in Karimnagar.[11] It has one of the busiest bus stations in India with over 2,500 buses passing by every day.

Karimnagar is not fully served by rail, so most of the commuters in the city use buses to travel to distant places. APSRTC operates buses from Karimnagar to several places like Hyderabad/Secunderabad (served by 300 buses every day including Volvo coaches), Adilabad, Nizamabad, Warangal, Khammam, Jagtail, Manchiryal, Bellampalli, Godavarikhani, Bhadrachalam, Nalgonda,Suryapet, Vijayawada, Vishakapatnam, Guntur, Piduguralla, Ongole, Kandukur, Kavali, Nellore, Puttaparthi, and Tirupathi, in Andhra Pradesh. More distant destinations include Mumbai, Bhiwandi, Shirdi, Chandrapur, Gadhchiroli, Gondia, Ramtek, and Ahiri in Maharashtra State, and Bangalore (served by Volvo Coach) in Karnataka State.

Rail[edit]

Goods train halts at Karimnagar railway station

Karimnagar City is located on the Peddapalli- Jagtial- Nizamabad line. It is connected by a single broad gauge railway line with the Main Line (North-South or New Delhi-Chennai) at Peddapalli (35 kilometres) to the northeast. Once the last phase of Armur-Nizamabad line is completed, which is expected by the end of 2014, Karimnagar will be directly connected to Nizamabad, Nanded, Shirdi, Aurangabad, Pune, Mumbai and various other cities in Maharashtra, Gujarat and beyond. Karimnagar Railway Station is served by Karimnagar-Tirupati, Bi-Weekly (Sunday & Thursday) Super Fast Express Train (#12762) and a daily passenger train (Jagityal-Karimnagar-Sirpur, Push Pull Passenger-Up/Down). Karimnagar Railway Station also generates good revenues to Indian Railways in terms of freight transport and it is one among very few stations in India which handles granite. The nearest major railway junction is Kazipet Junction, which has 147 trains passing through, including super-fast trains such as AP, Duronto and Rajadhani Expresses.

Air[edit]

There is an airport at Basant nagar Kesoram cement factory at Ramagundam which is about 50 km from Karimnagar City. It was used when the government of India was operating Vayudoot airlines, a subsidiary of Air India and Indian Airlines. After the closure of Vayudoot, it has not been in regular use. As of 2010, it is only used for landing of any VVIP's flights or for emergency landings. The nearest international airport is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, located 162 km away from Karimnagar. The Andhra Pradesh state government is planning to develop this airport as a part of developing a second airport in Telangana region.

Compass orientation[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Elgandal Fort[edit]

The Elgandal Fort is located on the banks of the Manair River amidst palm groves at a distance of 10 km from Karimnagar on the Kamareddy Road. The fort is significant because five important dynasties have ruled over it. The antiquities of the fort worth include the fortified structure on the hill, a Brindavan tank on the outside of the Eastern Gateway of the fort made by Zafar-ud-Doula in 1754 A.D., minarets that oscillate when shaken, and tombs of the Muslim saints, including:

  • Syed Shah Munawar Quadri Saheb
  • Doola Shah Saheb
  • Syed Maroof Saheb
  • Mohammed Khairuddin Saheb
  • Shah Talib Bismilla Saheb
  • And Vali Hyder Saheb.

There is also a Do Minar located outside of the fort near the high school.

Ujwala Park[edit]

Ujwala Park was inaugurated in the year 2001, and is a much-visited site by tourists in the city, favored for its atmosphere.

Deer Park in Karimnagar

Lower Manair Reservoir[edit]

The Lower Manair Reservoir was built between 1974 and 1985. The water in this reservoir surges during monsoon season.[12]

Rajeev Deer Park[edit]

Rajeev Deer Park is covers 30 acres near the Lower Manair Dam on the outskirts of Karimnagar city.

Famous pilgrimages[edit]

Vemulawada[edit]

Vemulawada (or Vemulavada) is a town 35 km from Karimnagar, in the Andhra Pradesh state, India. It is known for the Sri Raja Rajeshwara Swamy Temple complex, a site of pilgrimage for Hindu worshippers, particularly devotees of Shiva.

Dharmapuri[edit]

Dharmapuri attained religious importance for the shrine dedicated to Narasimha Swamy, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Particular sites include Siva with Dakshinamurthy, Vinayaka and Sapitha Mathrukas carved on a single slab of stone; and Mahishasuramardhani, the sixty pillared temple, Mahalakshmi temple, Akkapalle Rajanna, and over five hundred year old sri Sita Rama Swami temple.

Kondagattu[edit]

Kondagattu is a temple about 35 km from the district headquarters, dedicated to Lord Anjaneya Swamy. According to folklore, the temple was constructed by a cowherd in the 18th century. The present day temple was built in the 19th century by Krishna Rao Deshmukh. It is believed that if a woman offers puja for 40 days at this temple then she will be blessed with a child. It is about 30 km from Vemulavada. There is a Ghatroad from hilltop to base station.

Kaleshwaram[edit]

Kaleshwaram is the site of the famous Shiva temple called "Kaleswara muktheswara swamy". Significance of the Mukteshwara Swamy Temple is the unique presence of two Shiva Lingas found on a single pedestal—one is Lord Shiva and the other Lord Yama—collectively known as Kaleswara Mukteswara Swamy. This place is also called Dakshina Triveni Sangamam. Kaleshwaram village is in Mahadevpur mandal of Karimnagar district, 125 kilometres from the town of Karimnagar and 60 kilometres from Manthani. Kaleshwaram is located exactly at the merging point of the Godavari River and its tributary, the River Pranahita.

People[edit]

Economy[edit]

NTPC Ramagundam,Karimnagar.
Switchyard of NTPC Ltd.,Ramagundam.

As of 2006, there were 5,806 small-scale industries in the district. The bulk of the industries are based on agriculture, engineering, forest and mineral sectors and animal husbandry, employing about 42,619 people. These units mostly consist of rice mills, saw, oil, dhall and other grain mills, seed and other processing mills. Some important small-sector industries are engineering, manufacture of paper and tiles, stone dressing and crushing, cement and concrete pipes, and motor vehicle repair. The major industries in the district are National Thermal Power Corporation at Ramagundam, Singareni Collories at Godavarihani, and Nizam Sugar factory at Mutyampet.

National Thermal Power Corporation[edit]

NTPC Ramagundam, a part of National Thermal Power Corporation, is a 2600 MW power station situated at Ramagundam in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is the largest power station in South India. It is the first ISO 14001 certified "super thermal power station" in India.[13]

This Navaratna Public sector undertaking has completed 25 years of service. During this period, the Corporation grew to be a front runner in the Indian Power Sector and is ranked as the 6th largest Power Generator in the world, with an installed capacity of 19,435 MW.

Singareni Collories Company Limited[edit]

The Company's accredited function is to explore and exploit the coal deposits in the Godavari valley coalfield, which is the only repository of coal in South India. Mining activities of SCCL are presently spread over four districts of Andhra Pradesh: Adilabad, Karimnagar, Khammam and Warangal.[14]

Kesoram Cement Factory[edit]

Kesoram Cement is one of the Birla group of companies. It was incorporated in 1967. The plant is one of the biggest in south India and can produce cement with a capacity of 2500 metric tones per day.[15] The technical objectives of the company are to develop indigenous technology and integrate foreign technology wherever necessary.

Granite industry[edit]

Karimnagar district is known for its popular Tan Brown and Maple Red varieties of granite. The granite from Karimnagar district in general and Odyaram village in particular was used extensively by China during the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.

Since then, China has been using granite from Karimnagar district. It has become a popular brand worldwide, and all the Asian countries, including Japan, have started using the granite for various projects. Several countries began using the granite because of its low cost and superior quality.

In Karimnagar district, there are over 600 stone quarries spread over several mandals such as Karimnagar, Manakondur, Mallial, Kesavapatnam. However, the popular quarries, which have a sway in the global market, number around 20. Every month about 10,000 to 12,000 cubic meters of granite stones are exported to China and other countries. Each cubic metre of granite costs between Rs. 12,000 and Rs. 15,000.

The granite stone business in the district turns over Rs. 5 billion every year. It has also become a good source of income for the railways, which have constructed special platforms for transportation of granite from Karimnagar, Gangadhara and Uppal railway stations in the district to Kakinada and Chennai ports for export to China. In China, it is polished and then marketed to Japan and other Asian countries. This industry is a significant employer in the region, including many crane operators at the railway stations.[16]

Education[edit]

Karimnagar is a major education centre in North-western Andhra Pradesh. Karimnagar has produced many renowned intellectuals, politicians, poets and technologists over several decades. P.V. Narasimha Rao, former Indian Prime Minister, is among them. Another was Justice N. Kumarayya, who retired as Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh and worked for five years as a Judge of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal beginning in 1980. He had the unique distinction of being the first Osmanian ever to become a Judge of High Court in 1955, and later as Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh in 1969. Many software students, born and educated in Karimnagar, have migrated to major metropolitan areas in India and across the globe.

Universities[edit]

  • JNTUH College of Engineering Jagtial, located at Nachupally(V)(Kondagattu), Kodimyal(M), Karimnagar Dist. jntuh cej
  • JNTUH College of Engineering Manthani, located at Pannuru, Mulkapalli(V), Kamanpur(M), Manthani Assembly Constituency, i.e., near Centenary Colony, Karimnagar Dist. jntuh cem
  • Satavahana University,Karimnagar[17]
  • National Academy of Construction (NAC) has established its one regional centre at Jagtial in Karimnagar district.[18]

Government degree and PG colleges[edit]

  • Satavahana PG College, LMD, Karimnagar
  • SRR Govt Degree College, Karimnagar (Accredited by NAAC B++ Grade)
  • Govt Degree & PG College for Women, Kashmeergadda, Karimnagar (Accredited by NAAC B+ Grade)

Private Degree and PG colleges[edit]

Medical, pharmacy and nursing colleges[edit]

  • Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar
  • Chalmeda Ananda Rao Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar
  • CVM College of Pharmacy, Velichala, Kothapally (via), Karimnagar[19]
  • Pratima Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Nagunoor, Karimnagar
  • Prathima College of Nursing, Karimnagar
  • S.R.R College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Valbhapoor (V), Elkaturti (M), Karimnagar (Affiliated with Sathavahana University, Karimnagar since 2010)
  • Sai Institute of Health Sciences (BPT & MLT), Karimnagar
  • Santosh College of Nursing, Karimnagar
  • Sivani School of Nursing, Karimnagar
  • Sree Balaji College of Pharmacy, Choppadandi(V), Choppadandi(M), Karimnagar
  • Sree Chaitanya Institute of pharmaceutical sciences
  • SRM Institute of Medical Sciences and Technology, Karimnagar
  • Trinity College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Karimnagar
  • Vaageswari Ayurvedic College, Ramakrishna colony(V), Thimmapur(M), Karimnagar
  • Vageshwari College of Pharmacy, Ramakrishna colony(V), Thimmapur(M), Karimnagar
  • Vaageswari Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences,Ramakrishna colony(V), Thimmapur(M), Karimnagar

Engineering colleges[edit]

  • JNTUH College of Engineering Jagtial,Nachupally(Kondagattu),Kodimyal,Karimnagar Dist.jntuh cej
  • JNTUH College of Engineering Manthani jntuh cem
  • (JITS-I) Jyothishmathi Institute of Technology and Science, Karimnagar
  • (JITS-II) Jyothishmathi Institute of Technological and Sciences, Karimnagar
  • Kamala Institute of Technology and Science, Singapoor, Karimnagar
  • Sree Chaithanya College of Engineering(I) and Technology, Karimnagar
  • Sree Chaithanya College of Engineering(II) and Technology, Karimnagar
  • (VITS-I)Vivekananda Institute of Technology & Science, Karimnagar[20]
  • (VITS-SET)Vivekananda Institute of Technology & Science (VITS – School of Engineering & Technology), Karimnagar
  • (VITS-WEC)VITS Women's Engineering College, Bommakal, Karimnagar
  • Vaageswari College of Engineering, Karimnagar
  • Vaageswari Engineering College, Karimnagar
  • Vaageswari Institute of management sciences, Karimnagar
  • Vaageswari Institute of computer sciences, Karimnagar[21]
  • Mother Theresa College of Engineering and Technology, Peddapalli, Karimnagar
  • Nigama Engineering College, Karimnagar
  • Sahaja Engineering College, Karimnagar
  • Trinity Engineering College, Karimnagar
  • Sindhura college of engineering and technology, NTPC Ramagundam, Karimnagar

Print media[edit]

Athletics[edit]

The city has hosted several national and international level sporting events in the following venues:

  • B.R. Ambedkar Stadium
  • Indoor Stadium
  • Swimming Pool
  • Regional Sports School
  • Water Sports Academy
  • Police Parade Ground
  • SRR college ground

Healthcare[edit]

Apollo Reach Hospitals,Karimnagar

Karimnagar has evolved into a major health centre at the beginning of the 21st century because it is centrally located to all the talukas like Jagtial, Sircilla, Ramagundam, Kodimyal, Manthani, Huzurabad, Jammikunta, Husnabad, Choppadandi, Malyal and Gangadhara. Patients come from all over the district. Government Civil Hospital is the dominant medical institution.

The major hospitals in the Karimnagar are:[22]

  • Apollo Reach Hospital, Subash Nagar, Near Railway Station
  • Bhargavi Hospital, Near Raja Talkies, Sainagar, Karimnagar
  • Sri Chandra Hospital, Doctors Street, Civil Hospital Road, KNR
  • Sai Srinivasa Hospital, Doctors Street, Civil Hospital Road, KNR
  • Sivarama Hospital
  • Aryan Care and Cure Hospital, Near Raja Delux Theator
  • Suraksha Hospital
  • Sahara Hospitals
  • Nature Cure Health Centers, Bommakal
  • Rekurthy Eye Hospital
  • Chalmeda Anand Rao Hospital
  • Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Government Hospital
  • Surya Nursing

References[edit]

External links[edit]