Elgandal Fort in Karimnagar
|• Body||Karimnagar Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Sardar Ravindar Singh|
|• MLA||Gangula Kamalakar|
|• MP||B. Vinod Kumar|
|• Total||23.50 km2 (9.07 sq mi)|
|Elevation||275 m (902 ft)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Telugu, Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-TG|
|Sex ratio||981.4 ♀/♂|
|Website||Karimnagar Municipal Corporation|
Karimnagar is a city in Karimnagar district of the Indian state of Telangana. It is the administrative seat of Karimnagar district and Karimnagar mandal in Karimnagar revenue division. It is situated on the banks of Manair River, which is a tributary of the Godavari River. The city is governed by municipal corporation and also the administrative seat of the Karimnagar district. It has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart cities under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.
Kotilingala in Karimnagar district was the first capital of the Satavahana Kingdom (230 BCE–220 CE). Formerly known as Sabbinadu, inscriptions dating to the Kakatiya dynasty (1083–1323) by kings Prola II and Prataparudra found at Karimnagar and Srisailam provide evidence of the area's rich history.
The history of the Karimnagar district began in the Old Stone Age around 1,48,000 BC. Archaeological excavations in Pedda Bonkur, Dhulikatta and Kotilingalu show that the area was once ruled by the Satvahanas, Mauryas and Asaf Jahis.
It was previously part of Hyderabad State before 1 November 1956, Andhra Pradesh state till 2 June 2014 and became the part of newly formed state of Telangana by Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.
Karimnagar has a population of 2,61,185 within its corporation limits according to 2011 census making it Fourth largest city in Telangana state.Karimnagar Urban Agglomeration comprising M corp. and Out growths(OG) constitutes a population of 2,89,821.City out growths include Bommakal(with a population of 9,031), Arepalle(6,987), Alugunur(6,164), Chinthakunta(3,437) and Sitharampur(3,017).Karimnagar urban region including Municipal Corporation(2,61,185), its out growths(28,636) and a Census town(Rekurthi:7,626) together constitute a population of 2,97,447.The literacy rate of Karimnagar city is 85.82%, whereas Karimnagar urban region has a literacy rate of 84.93 which is almost equal to the National Urban average of 85%. The literacy rate for males and females for Karimnagar urban region stood at 91.06% and 78.69% respectively.
Karimnagar experiences dry inland climatic conditions with hot summers and cool winters. The city of Karimnagar gets most of its rainfall from the Southwest monsoon. The summer season is extremely hot, but temperatures decline with the onset of the monsoons, and the winter season is generally cool. The most popular tourist season is from November to February.
The summer season starts in March and can continue through early June. During this period temperatures range from a minimum of 27 °C to a maximum of 39 °C. The highest recorded temperature in the area is around 44 °C. Nights are much cooler, and the humidity is around 50%. October and November experiences increased rainfall from the Northeast monsoon. During this time, daytime temperatures average around 30 °C. The winter season starts in December and lasts through February. During this time, temperatures range from a minimum of 20 °C to a maximum of 35 °C.
|Climate data for Karimnagar|
|Average high °C (°F)||31
|Average low °C (°F)||16
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||32
Karimnagar Municipal Corporation is the civic body that administers the city. It was constituted as a third grade municipality in the year 1952, as a second grade in 1959, first grade in 1984, special grade grade in 1996, selection grade in 1999 and finally upgraded to corporation in 2005.
Karimnagar has evolved into a major health centre at the beginning of the 21st century because it is centrally located to all the talukas like Jagtial, Sircilla, Ramagundam, Kodimyal, Manthani, Huzurabad, Jammikunta, Husnabad, Choppadandi, Malyal and Gangadhara. Patients come from all over the district. Government Civil Hospital is the dominant medical institution.
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Telugu is the major language spoken in Karimnagar; Urdu is also widely spoken. The typical attire includes the traditional Chira and Pancha, and also modern dress styles. Karimnagar Silver Filigree is one of the local silverware handicrafts.
Religious worships and Festivals
The spring festival of Bathukamma is typical in this region. Other major Hindu festivals celebrated in the region include Ugadi, Sri Ramanavami, Vinayaka Chavithi, Holi, Sri Krishna Janmashtami, Dasara, Deepavali, Sankranti, and Maha Sivaratri. Muslims in this area also celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Ramadan (ninth month of the Islamic calendar), Laylat al-Qadr (Shab-e-Qadr), Isra and Mi'raj (Shab-e-Meraj), Shab-e-barat (Mid-Sha'ban), Milad-un-Nabi (Mawlid) and Muharram (Day of Ashura). These are usually greeted with great pomp and ceremony. Christians in this area celebrate Christmas and Good Friday.
Raja Rajeshwara Temple at Vemulawada, Narasimha Temple at Dharmapuri,  Anjaneya Temple at Kondagattu, Veerabhadra Temple at Kothakonda and Swayambhu Narasimha Swamy Temple at Nustulapur are some of the prominent and famous religious destinations.
Sakinalu is one of the many traditional snacks made in Karimnagar, especially for the Sankranti festival. They are made of rice flour and sesame seeds, and fried in oil. Biryani is a common cuisine of the state. Sarvapindi is another traditional snack native to the Telangana state.
There are many people who made their mark in different fields such as, Chennamaneni Vidyasagar Rao in politics, N. Kumarayya, G. Ram Reddy, Anabheri Prabhakar Rao, Dadasaheb Phalke Award recipient, Paidi Jairaj.
The city is connected to major cities and towns by means of road and railways.State highways that pass through the city are State highway 1 which is also known as Rajiv Rahadhari connects with the Hyderabad-Karimnagar-Ramagundam Hwy coal belt, State highway 7 and 10. TSRTC operates buses to various destinations from Karimnagar bus station of the city. Karimnagar railway station provides rail connectivity to the city, located on the Peddapalli-Nizamabad section of New Delhi–Chennai main line. It is under the jurisdiction of Secunderabad railway division of the South Central Railway zone. There is a proposal to also construct a railway line from Manoharabad(near secunderabad) to Kotthapalli, which is 8 km away from Karimnagar city.
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Karimnagar is a major education centre in North-western Telangana and has produced many renowned intellectuals, politicians, poets and technologists over several decades. P.V. Narasimha Rao, former Indian Prime Minister, is among them. Another was Justice N. Kumarayya, who retired as Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh and worked for five years as a Judge of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal beginning in 1980. He had the unique distinction of being the first Osmanian ever to become a High Court Judge in 1955, and later Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh in 1969. Many software students, born and educated in Karimnagar, have migrated to major metropolitan areas in India and across the globe.
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- vemulawada, Lord shiva. "temple". Vemulawada Temple.
- Temple, Sri Laxmi Narasimha Swamy. "Narasimha Swamy Temple". www.srilakshminarasimha.org/.
- TEMPLE, Sri Anjaneya Swamy. "JAI Hanuman". www.kondagattu.org/index1.htm. Temple Developers.
- "Welcome Sri Veerabadra Swamy Devasthanam, Kothakonda Temple.org, Bheemadevarapalli mandal in Karimnagar district.". kothakondatemple.org.
- Dyashankar, K.M. (20 June 2013). "For State Highway-1, double is trouble". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "Bus Stations". TSRTC. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
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- Satavahana University. Satavahana.ac.in.
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