Karimnagar

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This article is about the city. For its eponymous district, see Karimnagar district.
Karimnagar
కరీంనగర్
کریم نگر
City
Elgandal fort, Lower Manair Dam (LMD) Reservoir, Jubilee Kaman, Tower Circle
Elgandal fort, Lower Manair Dam (LMD) Reservoir, Jubilee Kaman, Tower Circle
Karimnagar is located in Telangana
Karimnagar
Karimnagar
Coordinates: 18°26′13″N 79°07′27″E / 18.43694°N 79.12417°E / 18.43694; 79.12417Coordinates: 18°26′13″N 79°07′27″E / 18.43694°N 79.12417°E / 18.43694; 79.12417
Country India
State Telangana
District Karimnagar
Mandal Karimnagar
Government
 • Body Karimnagar Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Sardar Ravindar Singh
 • MLA Gangula Kamalakar
 • MP B. Vinod Kumar (TRS)
Area[1]
 • Total 23.82 km2 (9.20 sq mi)
Area rank 4th (in Telangana)
Elevation 265 m (869 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 261,185
 • Rank 175th (India)
4th (Telangana)
 • Density 11,000/km2 (28,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 505 xxx
Telephone code 91-878-
Vehicle registration TS–02[3]
Sex ratio 1.014 /
HDI Increase 0.572
HDI Category medium
Literacy 84.93%

Karimnagar is a city in Karimnagar district of the Indian state of Telangana. It is a municipal corporation and the administrative headquarters of Karimnagar district.[4] It lies on the banks of Manair River, which is a tributary of the Godavari River. It is the fourth most populous and fourth largest city in terms of area in the state. It is also listed as one of the 100 cities for the Smart Cities Mission.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Satavahana dynasty[edit]

Kotilingala in Karimnagar district was the first capital of the Satavahana Kingdom (230 BCE–220 CE). Formerly known as Sabbinadu, inscriptions dating to the Kakatiya dynasty (1083–1323) by kings Prola II and Prataparudra found at Karimnagar and Srisailam provide evidence of the area's rich history.[5]

Vijayanagara Dynasty[edit]

Vijayanagara dynasty said to be originated/thrived in karimnagar district and later expanded to karnataka,then Hampi made capital. Famous poet Pampa visited Vemulavada temple as per temple inscriptions.

The history of the Karimnagar district began in the Old Stone Age around 1,48,000 BC. Archaeological excavations in Pedda Bonkur, Dhulikatta and Kotilingalu show that the area was once ruled by the Satvahanas, Mauryas and Asaf Jahis.[6]

Elgandal Fort[edit]

Main article: Elgandal Fort

Located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Karimnagar City, Elagandal, originally known as Veligundula, is a hillfort built during the Kakatiya era, which served as a stronghold for the warrior Musunuri Nayaks and Recharla padmanayaks.[clarification needed Who were these?] The Qutb Shahi dynasty occupied the fort in the 16th century and posted Quinamul Mulk as commander. Subsequently, it fell under the administrative control of the Mughal Empire. Amin Khan was appointed as Khiledar of Elagandal during the reign of Nizam of Hyderabad Nizam-ul-Mulk, Asaf Jah I (r. 1724–1748) followed by Muqarrab Khan. Mirza ibrahim dhamsa became Khiledar during the reign of Nawab Salabat Jung. Dhamsa rebuilt and strengthened the fort in 1754 during the Rule of Sikindar Jha (r.1803-1823). Bahadur Khan and Karimuddin served as Khiledars. Karimnagar was named after Karimuddin. While reorganising the districts, Mahbub Ali Khan, the Sixth Nizam, shifted the District Headquarters from Elagandal to Karimnagar in 1905.

Demographics[edit]

The total population of the city is 261,185. The literacy rate of Karimnagar Agglomeration is 84.93%, which is almost equal to the National Urban average of 85%. The literacy rate for males and females for Karimnagar stood at 91.06% and 78.69% respectively.[7]

Religions in Karimnagar[8][9]
Religion Percentage
Hindu
  
77.10.3%
Muslim
  
18.71%
Christian
  
3.2%
Others
  
0.9%

Climate[edit]

Scenery at Lower Manair Dam (LMD) Reservoir

Karimnagar experiences dry inland climatic conditions with hot summers and cool winters.[10] The city of Karimnagar gets most of its rainfall from the Southwest monsoon. The summer season is extremely hot, but temperatures decline with the onset of the monsoons, and the winter season is generally cool. The most popular tourist season is from November to February.

The summer season starts in March and can continue through early June. During this period temperatures range from a minimum of 27 °C to a maximum of 39 °C. The highest recorded temperature in the area is around 44 °C. Nights are much cooler, and the humidity is around 50%. October and November experiences increased rainfall from the Northeast monsoon. During this time, daytime temperatures average around 30 °C. The winter season starts in December and lasts through February. During this time, temperatures range from a minimum of 20 °C to a maximum of 35 °C.

Climate data for Karimnagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
33
(91)
37
(99)
40
(104)
42
(108)
37
(99)
33
(91)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
34.4
(94)
Average low °C (°F) 16
(61)
19
(66)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
22
(72)
18
(64)
15
(59)
22.2
(71.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.26)
8
(0.31)
43
(1.69)
17
(0.67)
41
(1.61)
162
(6.38)
204
(8.03)
126
(4.96)
133
(5.24)
75
(2.95)
48
(1.89)
18
(0.71)
907
(35.7)
Source: Sunmap

Civic administration[edit]

The city of Karimnagar is run by the Karimnagar Municipal Corporation.[11] The Municipality of Karimnagar was incorporated in 2005. Karimnagar is run by the Karimnagar Municipal Corporation, consisting of elected representatives and a commissioner. The city is divided into wards, and each ward elects a corporator. The Mayor and Deputy Mayor is elected for the city from the elected corporators by indirect ballot. The commissioner is appointed by the state government. The Mayor and are elected by the members among themselves. A Municipal Commissioner, who is from the Indian Administrative Service is appointed to head the administrative staff of the Municipal Corporation and implement the decisions of the Corporation and prepare its annual budget.

Healthcare

Apollo Reach Hospitals,Karimnagar

Karimnagar has evolved into a major health centre at the beginning of the 21st century because it is centrally located to all the talukas like Jagtial, Sircilla, Ramagundam, Kodimyal, Manthani, Huzurabad, Jammikunta, Husnabad, Choppadandi, Malyal and Gangadhara. Patients come from all over the district. Government Civil Hospital is the dominant medical institution.[12]

Economy[edit]

NTPC Ramagundam,Karimnagar.
Switchyard of NTPC Ltd., Ramagundam

As of 2006, there were 5,806 small-scale industries in the district. The bulk of the industries are based on agriculture, engineering, forest and mineral sectors and animal husbandry, employing about 42,619 people. These units mostly consist of rice mills, saw, oil, dhall and other grain mills, seed and other processing mills. Some important small-sector industries are engineering, manufacture of paper and tiles, stone dressing and crushing, cement and concrete pipes, and motor vehicle repair. The major industries in the district are NTPC Ramagundam, Singareni Collieries Company at Godavarikhani, and Nizam Sugar factory at Mutyampet.

There is nothing much like tourist places. It is just a mountain region having nothing for recreation. Though it is mostly used as a set and place for shooting Telugu movies.

Singareni Collieries are based in the Godavari valley coalfield, which is the only repository of coal in South India. It is spread over four districts of Telangana, namely Adilabad, Karimnagar, Khammam and Warangal.

Culture[edit]

Telugu is the major language spoken in Karimnagar; Urdu is also widely spoken. The typical attire includes the traditional Chira and Pancha, and also modern dress styles. Karimnagar Silver Filigree is one of the local silverware handicrafts.

Religious worships and Festivals

The spring festival of Bathukamma is typical in this region. Other major Hindu festivals celebrated in the region include Ugadi, Sri Ramanavami, Vinayaka Chavithi, Holi, Sri Krishna Janmashtami, Dasara, Deepavali, Sankranti, and Maha Sivaratri. Muslims in this area also celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Ramadan (ninth month of the Islamic calendar), Laylat al-Qadr (Shab-e-Qadr), Isra and Mi'raj (Shab-e-Meraj), Shab-e-barat (Mid-Sha'ban), Milad-un-Nabi (Mawlid) and Muharram (Day of Ashura). These are usually greeted with great pomp and ceremony. Christians in this area celebrate Christmas and Good Friday.

Raja Rajeshwara Temple at Vemulawada,[13] Narasimha Temple at Dharmapuri, [14] Anjaneya Temple at Kondagattu,[15] Veerabhadra Temple at Kothakonda and Swayambhu Narasimha Swamy Temple at Nustulapur are some of the prominent and famous religious destinations.[16]

Cuisine

See also: Telugu cuisine

Sakinalu is one of the many traditional snacks made in Karimnagar, especially for the Sankranti festival. They are made of rice flour and sesame seeds, and fried in oil. Biryani is a common cuisine of the state. Sarvapindi is another traditional snack native to the Telangana state.

Transport[edit]

A Hyderabad Volvo bus
Goods train halts at Karimnagar railway station

The city is connected to major cities and towns by means of road and railways. National and state highways that pass through the city are National Highway 565, State highway 1 which is also known as Rajiv Rahadhari connects with the Ramagundam coal belt, State highway 7 and 10.[17] TSRTC operates buses to various destinations from Karimnagar bus station of the city.[18] Karimnagar railway station provides rail connectivity to the city, located on the Peddapalli-Nizamabad section of New Delhi–Chennai main line. It is under the jurisdiction of Secunderabad railway division of the South Central Railway zone.[19]

Notable People[edit]

Education[edit]

Karimnagar is a major education centre in North-western Telangana and has produced many renowned intellectuals, politicians, poets and technologists over several decades. P.V. Narasimha Rao, former Indian Prime Minister, is among them. Another was Justice N. Kumarayya, who retired as Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh and worked for five years as a Judge of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal beginning in 1980. He had the unique distinction of being the first Osmanian ever to become a High Court Judge in 1955, and later Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh in 1969. Many software students, born and educated in Karimnagar, have migrated to major metropolitan areas in India and across the globe.

Universities

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Andhra Pradesh Municipal Development Project" (PDF). Municipal Development Project. Government of Andhra Pradesh. p. 24. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Basic Information of Municipality". Karimnagar Municipal Corporatio. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook - Karimnagar" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 12–13,46. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "About Karimnagar Dist.". 
  6. ^ "Tourism in Karimnagar". Tourism Karimnagar. Retrieved 2014-12-07. 
  7. ^ "Karimnagar Urban Region Demographics". 
  8. ^ "Karimnagar – Online Telangana News-Latest Telangana News-Telangana Updated News". thetelanganareporter.com. 
  9. ^ "Karimnagar City Population Census 2011 - Andhra Pradesh". census2011.co.in. 
  10. ^ Weather conditions/Climate in the city of Karimnagar. Mustseeindia.com.
  11. ^ "Karimnagar Municipalities". Retrieved 7 December 2013. 
  12. ^ Major hospitals in Karimnagar. Ekarimnagar.com.
  13. ^ vemulawada, Lord shiva. "temple". Vemulawada Temple. 
  14. ^ Temple, Sri Laxmi Narasimha Swamy. "Narasimha Swamy Temple". www.srilakshminarasimha.org/. 
  15. ^ TEMPLE, Sri Anjaneya Swamy. "JAI Hanuman". www.kondagattu.org/index1.htm. Temple Developers. 
  16. ^ "Welcome Sri Veerabadra Swamy Devasthanam, Kothakonda Temple.org, Bheemadevarapalli mandal in Karimnagar district.". kothakondatemple.org. 
  17. ^ Dyashankar, K.M. (20 June 2013). "For State Highway-1, double is trouble". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  18. ^ "Bus Stations". TSRTC. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  19. ^ "Evolution of Guntur Division" (PDF). South Central Railway. p. 3. Retrieved 30 November 2015. 
  20. ^ Satavahana University. Satavahana.ac.in.
  21. ^ National Academy of Construction,Karimnagar region centre Archived 25 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.