Kariong, New South Wales
Central Coast, New South Wales
|Population||6,385 (2016 census)|
|Location||7 km (4 mi) WSW of Gosford|
|LGA(s)||Central Coast Council|
Kariong's first British settler was W.H. Parry in 1901. The Mt Penang Training School for Boys (later the Mount Penang Juvenile Justice Centre) was opened in 1911. Many of the boys came from the training ship Sobraon, which had been in Sydney Harbour before being condemned, as did former officer Basil Topple. The village of about fifteen families, mostly workers at the training school, was first called Kendall Heights, then Penang Mountain. The name Kariong was assigned in about 1947.
Kariong was once believed to mean meeting place in the local Aboriginal language. Other early residents were told the name meant "place of the cold winds", and the name is listed, albeit with a different spelling, in F.D. McCarthy's Australian Aboriginal place names book of 1946 with this meaning. However, records in the NSW Mitchell Library show that the name Kariong was a typographical error from old script reading 'Karrong'; the second 'r' was mistaken for an 'i'.
Kariong's boundaries include a considerable section of the Brisbane Water National Park to the south, and the Mount Penang Parklands, with its native gardens. Kariong is considered the entry point to the Central Coast as it borders the Pacific Motorway M1. A visitor information centre for the Central Coast is located just off the Central Coast Highway, near the entry to the Mount Penang Parklands.
According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 6,385 people in Kariong.
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.6% of the population.
- 77.7% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth was England 5.0% and New Zealand 2.3%.
- 86.0% of people spoke only English at home.
- The most common responses for religion were No Religion 30.6%, Catholic 21.2% and Anglican 20.3%.
Kariong Mountains High School opened in 2010 at Kariong.
The Gosford Glyphs, which are a group of approximately 300 pseudo-Egyptian hieroglyphs carved into two parallel sandstone, are located in the area. They were first reported in 1975 by Alan Dash, a local surveyor who had been visiting the area for seven years.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Kariong (NSW)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 September 2019. Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Coltheart, David (October–November 2003). "Debunking The Gosford Glyphs". Archaeological Diggins. 10 (5).