Karl-Heinrich Brenner

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Karl Heinrich Brenner
KarlBrenner.jpg
Born 1 May 1895
Mannheim, Grand Duchy of Baden, German Empire
Died February 14, 1954(1954-02-14) (aged 58)
Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, West Germany
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch War Ensign of Germany 1903-1918.svg Imperial German Army
Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Waffen SS
Years of service 1914–20
1939–45
Rank SS-Gruppenführer Collar Rank.svg Gruppenführer and Generalleutnant of the Polizei
Service number NSDAP #3,460,685
SS #307,786
Unit Police Regiment Warsaw
SS Artillery Regiment Totenkopf
SS Polezei Artillery Regiment
6th SS Gebirgs Division Nord
Battles/wars

World War I


World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Karl Heinrich Jakob Brenner (1 May 1895 – 14 February 1954) was a Gruppenführer and Generalleutnant of Polizei during World War II and was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross to recognize extreme battlefield bravery and successful military leadership by Nazi Germany during World War II.

Career[edit]

Bord in 1895, Brenner volunteered to join the army in 1914. In January 1919 he joined the Baden Volunteer Battalion Ost serving there till April 1920. Brenner participated in the Kapp Putsch, the attempt to overthrow the Weimar Republic and was discharged from the army in 1920. Following his discharge, he served in the police. In May 1933 he joined the NSDAP (party number 3.460.685). In 1935 he moved to the National Police School in Berlin and became an aide to the deputy commander of the Prussian State Police. He joined the SS on the 11 September 1938 (SS number 307.786). He then participated in the Anschluss of Austria and the occupation of the Sudetenland in 1938. In August 1939, he was given command of the Police Sports School at Spandau in Berlin.

During World War II his first assignment was from October 1939 the command of the police regiment Warsaw until March 1940 when he was transferred to the SS Division Totenkopf and given temporary command of an artillery regiment. Afterwards, Brenner was posted to command the Waffen SS Northwest and became the inspector of the police at Salzburg. In December 1942, he was given command over one of the four Kampfgruppes (battle groups), in the occupation of the French port of Toulon. In February 1943 he returned to Berlin as commander of the Central office of Ordnungspolizei and then commander of the Ordnungspolizei in Salzburg, as the Chief of anti-partisan operations under Higher SS and Police Leader Alpenland.

Brenner next assumed command of the Curt von Gottberg Kampfgruppe in July 1944 and Chief of the Bandenkampfverbände (literally: "combatting-bandits formations"), substituting for Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski between July and September 1944 on anti partisan operations. He then replaced Gustav Lombard as commander of the SS Division Nord in September 1944, It was while in command of the 6th SS Gebirgs Division that he was awarded the Knight's Cross in December 1944.

The Division was under command of the XVIII Mountain Corps and under attack by the advancing Soviet forces in the Karelia sector. They were ordered to breakthrough at Kuusamo, Kiestinki and simultaneously to prevent reinforcements moving up. On 19 September 1944, the Division attacked a Regiment held in reserve that consisted of two mountain artillery battalions and Headquarters. The successful defence secured the front line along the Finnish, Russian border. After pulling out of Finland the division was transferred to Denmark and later to Germany, where they surrendered to US forces in Bavaria on 2 April 1945. Brenner died 1954.

Awards[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
SS-Brigadeführer Gustav Lombard
Commander of 6th SS Mountain Division Nord
September 1944 – March 1945
Succeeded by
SS-Standartenführer Franz Schreiber

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 243.
  2. ^ a b c d e Thomas & Wegmann 1993, p. 47.
  3. ^ Thomas & Wegmann 1993, p. 48.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Mitcham, Samuel W (2007). Retreat to the Reich : the German defeat in France, 1944. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3384-7. 
  • Mitcham, Samuel W (2007). The German Defeat in the East, 1944–45. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3371-7. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz; Wegmann, Günter (1993). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Teil VI: Die Gebirgstruppe Band 1: A–K [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the German Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Part VI: The Mountain Troops Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2430-3.