Karl-Wilhelm von Schlieben

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Karl-Wilhelm von Schlieben
Cherbourgcapture.jpg
Schlieben and Walter Hennecke at the surrender of Cherbourg
Born (1894-10-30)30 October 1894
Died 18 June 1964(1964-06-18) (aged 69)
Allegiance  German Empire
 Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Army
Rank Generalleutnant
Commands held 208. Infanterie-Division; 18. Panzer Division; 709. Infanterie-Division
Battles/wars World War II

Karl-Wilhelm von Schlieben (30 October 1894 – 18 June 1964) was a German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II.

Schlieben joined the Prussian Army in August 1914 and served during World War I. He served as a regimental commander with the 1st Panzer Division during the Battle of France in 1940. He then served as a Brigade Commander with the 4th Panzer Division on the Eastern Front, from June 1942. The division was destroyed by February 1943 during the Battle of Stalingrad. Schlieben then commanded the 208th Infantry Division remaining on the Eastern Front.

British propaganda showing the general captured in 1944.

In April 1943, he took command of the 18th Panzer Division which was deployed on the Eastern Front and was disbanded after the Battle of Kursk. In December 1943, he was assigned the command of the 709th Static Infantry Division based in Normandy, France.

At Trent Park

The unit was used for occupation duties in France. The division was on the Normandy coast when the invasion took place, and thus fought in the early days of the Battle of Normandy, quickly becoming trapped in the Cotentin. As U.S. forces sealed off the Peninsula, the remnants of the Division fell back on Cherbourg.

On 23 June 1944, Schlieben was appointed Commandant of Cherbourg, which the German high Command had designated as a ‘fortress’. Three days later von Schlieben and over 800 other troops surrendered to Major General Manton S. Eddy the Commander of the U.S. 9th Infantry Division. He was held at Trent Park before he was transferred to Island Farm on 9 August 1945. He was released on 7 October 1947. Schlieben died on 18 June 1964 in Gießen.

Sources[edit]

  • Gordon A.Harrison, Cross Channel Attack
  • Jorge Rosado & Chris Bishop, German Wehrmacht Panzer Divisions
  • John Keegan, Six Armies in Normandy
  • De Wervelwind 3(22) June–July 1944 - Dutch war time propaganda newspaper
Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Karl Freiherr von Thüngen
Commander of 18. Panzer-Division
1 April 1943 – 1 December 1943
Succeeded by
renamed 18. Artillerie-Division