Karl Bogislaus Reichert

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Karl Bogislaus Reichert

Karl Bogislaus Reichert (December 20, 1811 – December 21, 1883) was a German anatomist.

Reichert was born in Rastenburg (Kętrzyn), East Prussia. He studied etiology and histology in Königsberg. He was a student of Friedrich Schlemm and Johannes Peter Müller at the Friedrich-Wilhelm-Institute and at the Charité in Berlin, receiving his doctorate in 1836. Reichert taught at the universities of Dorpat (since 1843), Breslau (since 1853), and Berlin (since 1858), where he died.

Reichert is remembered for his work in embryology, his pioneer research in cell theory, and his anatomical studies of the brain and inner ear. With Ernst Gaupp, he was co-architect of the Reichert–Gaupp theory concerning the origin of mammalian ossicles of the ear. His name is lent to the eponymous "Reichert's cartilage", described as cartilage in the mesenchyme of the second branchial arch in the embryo from which develop the temporal styloid processes, the stylohyoid ligaments, and the lesser cornu of the hyoid bone.

Literary works[edit]

  • De embryonum arcubus sic dictis branchialibus. Berlin, 1836.
  • Ueber die Visceralbogen der Wirbelthiere im Allgemeinen und deren Metamorphosen bei den Vögeln und Säugethieren. Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin: 120-222, 1837 – On the visceral arch of vertebrates in general and its metamorphosis in birds and mammals.
  • Das Entwicklungsleben im Wirbelthierreiche. 1840, Berlin – Development of life in vertebrates.
  • Beiträge zur Kenntniss des Zustandes der heutigen Entwicklungsgeschichte. 1843, Berlin – Contributions to the knowledge on the state of present-day developmental history.
  • Der Bau des menschlichen Gehirns. 1859-1861, Leipzig – Construction of the human brain.

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