Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria

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Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria
Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria.jpg
Born (1818-07-29)29 July 1818
Vienna, Austrian Empire
Died 20 November 1874(1874-11-20) (aged 56)
Židlochovice Castle, Austria-Hungary
Burial Imperial Crypt
Spouse Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria
Father Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen
Mother Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg

Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria-Teschen (Vienna, 29 July 1818 – Gross Seelowitz (Židlochovice Castle), 20 November 1874) was the second son of Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen (1771–1847) and Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg, and the maternal grandfather of King Alfonso XIII of Spain.

A son of the "hero of Aspern" he started a military career in Infantry Regiment 57 in Brno. Later he received command of a brigade in Italy and fought against the insurgents in Prague in 1848.
In 1859 he was a general in Moravia and Silesia and returned to Brno in 1860. He became a Lieutenant Field Marshal of the Austrian Army.

Marriage and children[edit]

In Vienna, on 18 April 1854, Karl Ferdinand married his first cousin, Elisabeth Franziska (1831–1903), archduchess of Austria, the widow of Ferdinand, archduke of Austria-Este and duke of Modena (1821–1849), and the daughter of Joseph, archduke of Austria and palatine of Hungary.

They had six children :

  1. Archduke Franz Joseph of Austria-Teschen (1855-1855)
  2. Archduke Friedrich of Austria, Duke of Teschen (1856–1936), Supreme Commander of the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I.
  3. Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria-Teschen (1858–1929), married King Alfonso XII of Spain
  4. Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria-Teschen (1860–1933), Admiral
  5. Archduke Eugen of Austria-Teschen (1863–1954), Fieldmarshal
  6. Archduchess Maria Eleonora of Austria-Teschen (1864-1864)