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Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann

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Louis Dobermann
Born(1834-01-02)2 January 1834
Died9 June 1894(1894-06-09) (aged 60)

Louis Dobermann (/ˈdbərmən/; German pronunciation: [ˈdoːbɐman]; 2 January 1834 – 9 June 1894) was the first breeder of the Dobermann. He started the creation of this dog breed in the town of Apolda, in the Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach around 1890, following the Franco-Prussian War.[1]

Dobermann served in the dangerous role of local tax collector, and ran the Apolda dog pound.[2] With access to dogs of many breeds, he aimed to create a breed that would be ideal for protecting him during his collections, which took him through many dangerous, bandit-infested areas.[3] He set out to breed a new type of dog that, in his opinion, would be the perfect combination of strength, loyalty, intelligence, and ferocity. Later, Otto Goeller and Philip Gruening continued to develop the breed to become the dog that is seen today.[4]

After Dobermann's death in 1894, the Germans named the breed Dobermann-pinscher in his honor, but a half century later dropped the "pinscher" on the grounds that this German word for terrier was no longer appropriate. The British did the same a few years later.


  1. ^ Janice Biniok. The Doberman Pinscher. Ed. TFH Publications Inc, 2009. ISBN 9780793842537. P. 7
  2. ^ Gerritsen, Resi; Haak, Ruud (2007-01-01). K9 Working Breeds: Characteristics and Capabilities. Dog Training Press. p. 177. ISBN 978-1-55059-317-4.
  3. ^ Duggan, Brian Patrick (2023-08-07). Horror Dogs: Man's Best Friend as Movie Monster. McFarland. p. 64. ISBN 978-1-4766-8587-8.
  4. ^ Singh, Rishi (2008-05-23). "Animal stories: Dobermans". The Himalayan Times. Retrieved 2023-11-26.