Karl George Lebrecht, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen

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Portrait of Karl George Lebrecht

Karl George Lebrecht of Anhalt-Köthen (Köthen, 15 August 1730 – Semlin, 17 October 1789), was a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen.

He was the second (but eldest surviving) son of Augustus Louis, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen, by his second wife Christine Johanna Emilie, daughter of Erdmann II, Count of Promnitz-Pless.


As a young prince, Karl George Lebrecht served briefly in the Danish army (1750–51) and, from November 1751, in the Prussian army.

In 1755, he inherited Anhalt-Köthen after the death of his father.

Karl George Lebrecht was created a knight of the Order of the Black Eagle in 1780 and in 1787 was elevated to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall.

During the Turkish Wars of the 1780s he contracted a fever and died in Semlin (now Zemun) near Belgrade.

Marriage and issue[edit]

In Glücksburg on 26 July 1763 Karl George Lebrecht married Louise Charlotte (b. Glücksburg, 5 March 1749 - d. Köthen, 30 March 1812), daughter of Frederick (1701-1766), Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, and by birth a princess of Denmark as descendant in the male line of King Christian III. They had six children:

  1. Karoline Louise (b. Köthen, 8 January 1767 - d. Köthen, 8 February 1768).
  2. Augustus Christian Frederick, Prince and from 1806 first Duke of Anhalt-Köthen (b. Köthen, 18 November 1769 - d. Schloss Geuz, 5 May 1812).
  3. Karl William (b. Köthen, 5 January 1771 - killed in action at Avesnes, 8 November 1793).
  4. Louise Friederike (b. Köthen, 30 August 1772 - d. Köthen, 28 December 1775).
  5. Louis (b. Köthen, 25 September 1778 - d. Köthen, 16 September 1802).
  6. Fredericka Wilhelmine (b. Köthen, 7 September 1780 - d. Köthen, 21 July 1781).
Preceded by
Augustus Louis
Prince of Anhalt-Köthen
Succeeded by
Augustus Christian Frederick