Karl Höfer

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Not to be confused with contemporary German painter Karl Hofer (1878-1955)

Karl Höfer (also Hoefer; 1862 in Pleß – 1939) was a German officer. During World War I he became known as the Held vom Kemmelberge[1] (hero of the Kemmel hill) for his actions at the Kemmelberg.

Retired, as "Generalleutnant a. D.", Höfer defended German Upper Silesia against Polish insurgents in the Silesian Uprisings in 1921. The Freikorps leaders had agreed[2][3] upon Höfer as commander; he led them to success in the Battle of Annaberg. In the international press, he was referred to as "General Hoefer" or "Teuton Commander Hoefer".[4]


  • Karl Hoefer: Oberschlesien in der Aufstandszeit, 1918-1921: Erinnerungen und Dokumente, published by E.S. Mittler & Sohn, 1938, 376 pages[5]
    • reviewed by H. F. P. Percival, International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1931-1939), Vol. 17, No. 6 (Nov. - Dec., 1938), pp. 853–854 (review consists of 2 pages)[6]


  1. ^ Andreas Dornheim: Röhms Mann fürs Ausland
  2. ^ Dornheim
  3. ^ The German Freikorps 1918-23, By Carlos Caballero Jurado, Ramiro Bujeiro
  4. ^ The New York Times June 27, 1921, Monday Page 1, 829 words [1]
  5. ^ Karl Hoefer (1938). "Oberschlesien+in+der+Aufstandszeit,+1918-1921"&lr= Oberschlesien in der Aufstandszeit, 1918-1921. E.S. Mittler & sohn. 
  6. ^ . JSTOR 3019448.  Missing or empty |title= (help)