Karl Heilbronner

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Karl Heilbronner (1869–1914)

Karl Heilbronner (21 November 1869 Nürnberg – 8 September 1914 Utrecht) was a German psychiatrist. He specialized in research of apraxia, depression and obsessive behavior disorders.[1]

He studied medicine at the University of Munich as a pupil of Hubert von Grashey, obtaining his doctorate in 1894. He later worked as an assistant to Carl Wernicke at Breslau (1894–98), followed by service as a senior physician under Eduard Hitzig at the University of Halle. In 1903 he succeeded Theodor Ziehen as a full professor of psychiatry at the University of Utrecht.[1][2]

Associated eponym[edit]

  • "Heilbronner's sign": (Heilbronner thigh) - In cases of organic paralysis, a flattening and broadening of the thigh when the patient lies supine on a hard surface.[3][4]

Selected works[edit]

  • Über Krankheitsdauer und Todesursachen bei der progressiven Paralyse, 1894 – On duration of illness and causes of death in progressive paralysis.
  • Aphasie und Geisteskrankheit, 1896 – Aphasia and insanity.
  • Über Asymbolie, 1897 – On asymbolia.
  • Über Gewöhnung auf normalen und pathologischen Gebiete, 1912 – On habituation in normal and pathological areas.[5]


  1. ^ a b Catalogus Professorum Halensis biography
  2. ^ Deutschsprachige Neurologen und Psychiater: Ein biographisch ..., Volume 1 by Alma Kreuter
  3. ^ Medical Dictionary Heilbronner, Karl
  4. ^ Google Books Physical Signs in Medicine and Surgery
  5. ^ Google Books published works