Karl Joseph Eberth

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Karl Joseph Eberth
Karl Joseph Eberth.jpg
Born (1835-09-21)September 21, 1835
Died December 2, 1926(1926-12-02) (aged 91)
Nationality German
Fields Bacteriology, Pathology
Alma mater University of Würzburg
Doctoral students Oswald Bumke
Known for Discovery of the typhoid bacillus

Karl Joseph Eberth (September 21, 1835 – December 2, 1926) was a German pathologist and bacteriologist who was a native of Würzburg.

In 1859 he earned his doctorate at the University of Würzburg, and became an assistant to anatomist Albert von Kölliker (1817–1905). In 1869 he became a full professor of pathological anatomy at the University of Zurich, and from 1881 until his retirement in 1911, he was a professor at the University of Halle.

In 1880 Eberth described a bacillus that he suspected was the cause of typhoid. In 1884 pathologist Georg Theodor August Gaffky (1850–1918) confirmed Eberth's findings, and the organism was given names such as "Eberthella typhi", "Eberth's bacillus" and "Gaffky-Eberth bacillus". Today the bacillus that causes typhoid fever goes by the scientific name of Salmonella typhi.[1][2]

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Parts of this article are based on a translation of an article from the German Wikipedia.

  1. ^ Physician and surgeon, Volume 14 by J. W. Keating
  2. ^ Journal of Nepal Health Research Council Vol.3 No.2 October 2005 Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern of Salmonella Species Isolated from Blood Culture
  3. ^ Mondofacto Dictionary (definition of eponym)
  4. ^ Mondofacto Dictionary (definition of eponym)