Karl Knaths

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Karl Knaths
Karl Knaths, 1930.jpg
Karl Knaths, 1930
Born Otto Karl Knaths[1][2][3][4]
(1891-10-21)October 21, 1891
Eau Claire, Wisconsin
Died March 9, 1971(1971-03-09) (aged 79)[5][6]
Provincetown, Massachusetts
Nationality American
Other names Otto Knaths, Otto Karl Knaths, Otto George Knaths, Karl O. Knaths, Otto K. Knaths
Education School of the Art Institute of Chicago
Known for Modern art
Movement Cubism, Abstract art
Spouse(s) Helen Lena Weinrich Knaths (1876-1978)
Patron(s) Duncan Phillips[7][8]

Karl Knaths (October 21, 1891 – March 9, 1971) was an American artist whose personal approach to the Cubist aesthetic led him to create paintings which, while abstract, contained readily identifiable subjects. In addition to the Cubist painters, his work shows influence by Paul Cézanne, Wassily Kandinsky, Utagawa Kuniyoshi, Paul Klee, Stuart Davis, and Agnes Weinrich. It is nonetheless, in use of heavy line, rendering of depth, disciplined treatment of color, and architecture of planes, distinctly his own.[7][9][10][11]

Early life and work[edit]

Karl Knaths was born October 21, 1891, in Eau Claire, Wisconsin. His parents were Otto Julius Knaths and Maria Theresa Knaths.[12][13][14] Shortly after Knaths's birth the family moved to Portage, Wisconsin where he spent his childhood years.[1][12][15][16] When he was in his late teens his father died and he became apprenticed to his mother's brother, George Dietrich, in the baking trade.[1][17] Although he had begun making sketches, he had no art instruction and little time for self-instruction. While attending Portage High School he met the local author, Zona Gale. She encouraged his interest and, upon his graduation in 1910, both convinced his uncle to release him from apprenticeship and introduced him to Dudley Crafts Watson of the Milwaukee Art Institute. During the next year he studied art at the Institute. He obtained the job by which he supported himself when Gale introduced him to Laura Sherry, the director of the Wisconsin Players.[18] Despite his youth and inexperience, Sherry took him on as caretaker of the playhouse and one of its set designers.[19][20][21] In 1911, on advice from Gale and Craft, Knaths began studies at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago.[12][15] There, he mainly supported himself as janitor's assistant but when the 1913 Armory Show came to town he landed a job at the show as one of the guards.[22] The show was his first substantial exposure to European modernism and he later reported that the experience both confused and awed him. Uncomfortable with most of the work on display, he found much to like in the works of Cézanne, particularly the blocks of muted color out of which he built his compositions.[12][23][24]

In 1917 Knaths rejoined the Wisconsin Players as the group's scenery painter during a tour of East Coast theaters.[16] When the Players arrived in Provincetown, Massachusetts for a performance of Gale's Mr. Pitt Knaths recognized it as a place where he could successfully practice his vocation. After two years' military service Knaths spent a short time studying art in New York City and then, in 1919, moved to Provincetown, which became his principal residence for the rest of his life.[11][12][19][22][25][26][27] In the early twentieth century Provincetown was a prosperous fishing town which attracted artists and theater people from New York's Greenwich Village as summer residents. On or soon after his arrival he met two sisters, Helen and Agnes Weinrich[28] of the Provincetown Printers.[29] The sisters had grown up on a prosperous Iowa farm, daughters of German immigrant parents. When in their 20s they had accompanied their father on a trip to Germany where Helen studied music and Agnes painting. Their father dying, they received an inheritance which permitted them to live and travel on their own and they returned to Germany and France to study further. In 1914 the sisters began spending the warm months of the year in Provincetown and, through contact with European expatriates who settled there during World War I, Agnes learned to employ Modernist and particularly Cubist techniques in her work. After their first meeting Agnes helped Knaths to develop his personal style of painting and over time they developed a close and mutually beneficial working relationship.[12][28] In 1922 Knaths married Helen and moved into the house which the sisters had rented. He was then 30, Helen 45, and Agnes 46. Agnes remained a member of the Knaths's household the rest of her life.[28][30][31][32][33]

Knaths's earliest work has the strong lines, blocks of muted colors, and juxtaposition of rectangular and curvilinear forms which characterize his mature style. One of his early paintings, Horse Barns, Provincetown (1919, gouache, 7x8") contains three barn structures within a small grove of trees and bushes. It shows influence of Cézanne and is not notably Cubist. The coloration is low-key in green, purple, and ochre hues. The composition has sweeping rounded shapes beside heavily outlined rhombuses and other quadrilateral shapes. It has a painterly, nearly impressionist feel and, despite the subject matter, might as well be a still life as a landscape.[10][34][35]

Mature style[edit]

Knaths's mature style emerged in the early 1930s. It evolved, he said, as he "learned to move slowly from color relations, to line sequence, to better spacing, proportions, to a thematic play of shapes."[25] During the 1920s he had studied, and sometimes translated from German, theoretical publications of theorists and artists, including Carl Einstein, Wilhelm Ostwald, Piet Mondrian, Wassily Kandinsky, and Jay Hambidge. He later reported that he was particularly impressed by ideas presented by Gino Severini in Du cubisme au classicisme; esthétique du compas et du nombre (Paris, J. Povolozky & Cie, 1921).[8][11][25][35][36][37] While these books deal mainly with color, proportion, and Bauhaus design theory, Knaths was also interested in the relationship between music and painting and in this it is likely his wife, Helen, who was a conservatory-trained musician and whose piano playing he enjoyed almost daily, was an influence.

Knaths's interests in theories of color, proportion, and music bore fruit in a system that, while it was mathematically influenced and employed a formal method of color selection, retained the lyricism which marks most of his work. The methodology he followed rather enhanced than inhibited his freedom of expression. In his case, as with many poets and musicians, a voluntary submission to rules of form and design seems to have helped rather than hindered him in achieving his goals.[11][12][38][39] An art historian summarized this lyricism, writing that Knaths's approach to Cubism was romantic rather than academic or literal.[15] Another wrote that Knaths's paintings are personal expressions of both theory and feeling which arise from his love of nature, his close bond with his community, and a "poetic meditation on human life."[37] A third simply calls Knaths a poet of painting.[40] Knaths himself wrote on this subject: "Systems are only bricks and lumber — of themselves they cannot encompass the immeasurable spiritual qualities that go into a successful picture. The unlooked-for things that happen in the process of work are the important ones."[37] A detailed description of Knaths's application of theory to his practice of art is given in Four American Expressionists: Doris Caesar, Chaim Gross, Karl Knaths, Abraham Rattner, pp. 16–17 (New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, 1959) and also in "Karl Knaths To Teach at Art Gallery," Alice Graeme, The Washington Post, February 20, 1938, p. TT5.[41]

Karl Knaths, painting of 1964 entitled "Pumpkin"; 30" x 36"; oil on canvas

A painting from Knaths's mature period, Pumpkin, shows his integration of the abstract Cubist idiom with a representational tabletop still life. Strong calligraphic lines demarcate planes of both bright and muted colors and the composition can be viewed as both two- and three-dimensional: either blocks of color juxtaposed in rectangular and curvilinear shapes or a foreground still-life grouping — a table holding bottle, glass, pieces of fruit, and pumpkin — within an abstract enclosed space with what appear to be windows or panels on a rear wall. The background at left bears similarity to a wall in the artist's studio shown in a photo of 1961[42] and this suggests that the windows or panels at right might be paintings.[43]

Once he had established his mature style Knaths allowed himself freedom to range widely from its core elements. This is most obvious during his mid-1930s employment as artist in the WPA Federal Art Project[12] and the Section of Painting and Sculpture. His post office murals have the same social realist style as most of the others produced by New Deal artists. See for example his Frontier Mail in the post office at Rehoboth Beach, Delaware. It can also be seen, for example, in a painting of 1936 called Composition showing two men seated at a table with a coffee pot and mugs, a woman standing with broom in hand, and a cat lying on the floor of a sparsely-furnished room. Although having a Cubist surface quality, it could not be said to be an abstract painting. Frontier Mail[44] and Composition contrast strongly with a painting he made before either of them: Maritime,[45] a composition whose subjects are much more symbolically nautical than recognizably displayed.

Later life and work[edit]

In the early years of his marriage, Knaths, Helen, and Agnes lived on the sisters' legacy and what little money Knaths brought in through odd jobs and the occasional sale of a painting.[28][46] The winter months were cold and their house so drafty that, even though Knaths disliked city life, they spent much of that season in New York. In 1924 Helen and Agnes bought land on which Knaths constructed a house and studio using materials from nearby derelict buildings.[25][28][37] He recognized that he needed to establish connections with dealers and exhibitors if he wished to find buyers for his art and, together with Agnes, he used his time in New York as well as trips to Boston and Washington, D.C. to do just that. In 1921 he exhibited paintings at New York's Society of Independent Artists for the first of many occasions. Knaths showed two and Agnes Weinrich three paintings in this large non-juried show without prizes.[47] In 1926 Knaths's work appeared in another show, the Société Anonyme exhibition, held in Brooklyn,[8] and, that same year, the collector, Duncan Phillips bought his Geranium in Night Window of 1922. Of the purchase Phillips, who was not an impulsive buyer, noted: "This exceptionally promising canvas reveals a delightful sense of color relations and a developed knowledge of what happens to colors under a flickering play of light."[48] This proved to be the first of many purchases by Phillips and the beginning of a long and mutually rewarding friendship between the two men. During the next few years Phillips would write appreciative articles about Knaths's work and, in 1929, would devote a room in his Washington, D.C. gallery to their display. On opening the room he gave Knaths his first one-person show.[7] A year later Knaths was given a second solo exhibition, this one at the gallery of Charles Daniel in New York.[37][49]

That year Daniel became Knaths's first art dealer. In 1931 Knaths left Daniel for the Downtown Gallery[50] and soon after he moved, this time to the J.B. Neumann Gallery.[12][51] In 1945 he moved to the gallery of Paul Rosenberg & Co., [52] which then continued to show and sell his work during the remainder of his life.[37] Knaths, who liked the quiet life, did not travel extensively and never to Europe. He did not seek celebrity and, while he appreciated the income that came with recognition of his talent, he was not extravagant in his expenses or style of living.[12][25] He was neither outgoing nor reclusive, enjoying company and establishing close relationships within the community where he lived, but relishing a quite daily routine. Rising early, he would paint during the morning hours and, during the afternoon would study, listen to music, do chores, and wander his beloved Cape Cod environs.[25][37]

He was a gifted instructor but taught for brief periods at a time. Between 1938 and 1950 he gave lectures during the winter session of the Phillips Gallery Art School.[7][8][41][53][54] From 1943 to 1945 he taught art courses at Bennington College.[12] He also he lectured at Black Mountain College in 1944 at the Skowhegan School of Painting in 1948.[55] Among his pupils was Dorothy Fratt.[56]

Throughout his career Knaths drew inspiration from the natural environment in which he lived. The images he made of his everyday world include many still lifes and room interiors as well as outdoor paintings of local fishermen and clam diggers, wild and domesticated animals, and Cape Cod marine life. His choice of subjects was generally consistent while his treatment of them varied in degree of abstraction.

While young he was one of a relatively small number of American painters whose work was termed modernist and, as he matured, he grew to be one of the best known among them. By the early 1930s critics had begun to take note of Knaths and give his work more than a passing mention. In 1931 the critic for the New York Sun could say that his work had been known in the art world for quite a few years and was fairly widely collected. While abstract, his paintings possessed, this critic wrote, "a very individual kind of realism." "One feels in his work," he went on, "a love for the medium, rich textural quality, and a very unusual color harmony which varies with the subject."[57] By the late 1940s appreciative notices such as this one became reasonably common. Beginning about 1944 newspaper art critics more frequently would analyze and usually praise his work rather than simply listing it as appearing in a show. For example, in that year A. Z. Kruse wrote a piece about his work in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle[58] and in the late 1940s his work was featured in articles in Art News[59] and the New York Times.[60] In 1949 he was featured in an article by Elaine de Kooning, "Knaths Paints a Picture," in Art News.[61]

Knaths's inaugural show in 1947 at the Paul Rosenberg Gallery was seen by one critic to be one of the ten best exhibitions of the year.[62] In 1950 his painting Basket Bouquet won first prize in the Metropolitan Museum "American Painting Today" competition.[5][63] This prize cemented his reputation as one of America's leading modernists and also marked the beginning of what would become a gradual falling off of interest in his work.

The "American Painting Today" competition touched off a rebellion by the new generation of New York painters. Calling themselves The Irascibles, a group of abstract expressionists wrote a protest complaining that the jury was hostile to the "advanced art" which they produced.[64] The signatories were the most prominent members of what would come to be called the New York School, men such as Adolph Gottlieb, Robert Motherwell, Clyfford Still, Ad Reinhardt, Jackson Pollock, and Willem de Kooning.[65] The protest of the young painters can be seen in retrospect as a turning point in Knaths's career. During the 1950s, as abstract expressionism gained favor, his work gradually lost popularity. The transition cannot have been unexpected but there was an irony in the fact that when he was a young painter Knaths too rebelled against what he saw as the biases of traditionalist juries.[10][11][28] In time, when compared to the abstract expressionists, he began to seem conservative, a pathfinder rather than an innovator. One critic said Knaths did not then aim to break new ground but rather to "define the guiding limits within which modern painting must proceed in order to reach it."[62][66]

This is not to say that he stopped working. He continued to work, to show, to sell, and to accrue honors.[46] If he cared at all about his possible displacement by the new movement in the New York art world, he did not show it. In an interview he gave at the time he received the award he made no complaint about the protest but only suggested that the artists might have submitted their work to the jury and protested only if it were not accepted.[67] In another interview, given two years later, he said, mildly, that too many artists "aren't willing to work for the final harmony of relationships." He believed they worked too quickly and lacked a habit of critical reflection.[25] On their part the abstract expressionists seem not to have stereotyped Knaths's work as staid and conservative. Barnett Newman, one of the men who signed the 1950 protest letter, felt that it was like the work of Adolph Gottlieb and Mark Rothko in having an intensity of feeling and emotional impact. Of the three he wrote "These artists are doing what seems impossible, expressing feelings and thoughts with abstract forms and flat space."[68] There remained an excellent market for Knaths's paintings during the remainder of his life and, at his death, the works left in his estate commanded relatively high prices.[69][70]

Knaths died on March 9, 1971, in Cape Cod Hospital in Hyannis, Massachusetts, after a brief illness.[71] Before entering the hospital he was still living in the house he had built in Provincetown and his widow, Helen, continued to live there the remainder of her life.[5][12][72]

Personal information[edit]

Family[edit]

Knaths's father, Otto Julius, was born on October 10, 1846, in Wettin, Germany. An orphan, he attended the Latin School in Halle and emigrated to the United States from Leipzig in 1869. He earned his living as a baker.[15][73][74] He married a woman whose name is given as Maria Theresa Dietrich or Tressie Tredeck.[13] Her birth date is not known. She died in 1932.[75] She came from Wisconsin, and, at about the time they were married, she and Otto Julius moved to that state from Cincinnati, Ohio. The couple lived in Eau Claire, where, in 1891, Knaths was born. Soon after, they moved to Portage, Wisconsin, where, at about age 14, young Knaths began working for his uncle, George F. Dietrich, also a baker.[1][12] Otto Julius died in 1908.[76] Aged 17 at that time, Knaths was living with his uncle as well as apprenticed to him.[17] Knaths had a sister, Olga, who was born December 9, 1893, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and who died January 18, 1981, in Madison, Wisconsin. She married a man named Frank Dunn and they had a son, Francis.[77]

Knaths and his wife Helen had no children. Helen's birth name was Lena. She changed it to Helen after 1905 when she and Agnes returned from travels in Europe.[28] She was born in 1876 on a farm in Des Moines County in south east Iowa and died at age 102 in 1978 while living in Provincetown.

From the time of Knaths's marriage to Helen and their decision to live together with her sister Agnes, the three formed a bond that survived during the rest of their lives. Agnes was born in 1873 on the same farm as her sister.[28] Agnes was gregarious while Helen was quiet and apparently frail. It was Agnes who managed household for them while Helen stayed largely in the background. Knaths took over this role when Agnes died in 1946.[28] When Knaths died in 1971, Helen showed a vivacious personality that she had previously kept hidden.[12]

Physical appearance and personal traits[edit]

Knaths was raised in households where German was commonly spoken and himself spoke with a slight German accent.[22] A voracious reader, he liked to translate German writings on theories of music, colors, and painting and would ask friends to help him make the English plain.[12][37]

Photos of Knaths show him to have been a large man, tall and broad. When in 1910 he went to Milwaukee to study, he was, according to one description, "an angular, open-faced boy."[19] His World War I registration card says he had dark hair and blue eyes.[2] People who knew him wrote that he was tall and fit, strong and gentle.[6][12] Balding in middle life, he wore a beret most of the time. In an interview when he was 62 a reporter described him as "apple cheeked"[25] and another wrote that at age 72 he was "an impressively tall, broad, sturdy man ... with a smooth ruddy face and a steady smile."[46] He was industrious and regular in his work habits. Described as shy, sensitive, and somewhat retiring, he was also said to be modest and charming — a man whose bearing conveyed gravity and whose approach to life and art was passionate.[6][12][78] He read philosophy and classical literature as well as writings on art, music, and color theory and he loved to listen to classical music, particularly the works his wife would play on the piano.[6][12][35][37]

Surname[edit]

Knaths's surname is pronounced with a hard K. Throughout his career as a professional artist Knaths was known as Karl Knaths. His probable birth name was Otto Karl Knaths. He gave that name while attending high school[79] and when completing his World War II draft registration.[4] The name Otto K. Knaths appears in records for the 1930 and 1940 Census of the United States.[3][80] The records of the Massachusetts census of 1905 and the U.S. census of 1910, as well as a news article of 1917 give his name as Otto Knaths.[1][17][81] Two other names appear in official records. He gave his name as Otto George Knaths when registering for military service in the First World War.[2] and the Massachusetts Death Index lists him as Karl O. Knaths.[72] Since Otto by itself, Otto K., and Otto Karl appear most frequently on official records and since his father's given name was Otto, it is likely Otto Karl Knaths was his birth name. He was still part of the household of his uncle George Dietrich when he used the name Otto George, which might account for that outlying usage.

Awards and honors[edit]

This is a selective list of awards and honors from sources listed in notes.[5][8][63][82][83][84]

  • 1928 The Norman Wait Harris Prize, The Art Institute of Chicago
  • 1932 Gold Medal, Boston Tercentenary Art Exhibition
  • 1946 First Prize, Carnegie Institute International Exhibition
  • 1947 Paintings of the Year Award, Pepsi-Cola Company
  • 1948 Competitive Exhibition of Contemporary American Art, University of Illinois, Urbana
  • 1949 Featured in the "Artist Paints a Picture" series in Art News</>
  • 1950 Third Honorable Mention, Carnegie Institute International Exhibition
  • 1950 First Prize, Metropolitan Museum, "American Painting Today," Basket Bouquet
  • 1951 Honorary Degree of Doctor of Fine Arts, Board of Trustees, Chicago Art Institute
  • 1955 Election to membership to National Institute of Arts and Letters
  • 1955 Subject of a documentary film: Karl Knaths's Cape Cod, a Motion Picture
  • 1959 Election to membership to National Institute of Arts and Letters
  • 1961 Brandeis University Creative Arts Award for Painting
  • 1962 Andrew Carnegie prize, annual exhibition of The National Academy of Design
  • 1963 National Academy of Design, Altman Prize
  • 1964 Audubon Art Award
  • 1965 National Academy of Design, Altman Prize
  • 1968 Elected to National Academy of Design

Exhibitions[edit]

This is a selective list of exhibitions and gallery shows. Knaths exhibited continuously from 1927 onward. Sources are listed in notes.[8][16][37][62][82][85][86][87][88][89][90][91][92][93][94][95][96][97][98][99][100][101][102][103]

  • 1922 Provincetown Art Association
  • 1924 Daniel Gallery, New York
  • 1925 Provincetown Art Association (exhibitor and juror)
  • 1926 Phillips Memorial Gallery, Washington D.C., Eleven American Painters (the Phillips Memorial Gallery is predecessor of the Phillips Collection)
  • 1927 New Chenil Galleries, London
  • 1927 Provincetown Art Association Modernist exhibition
  • 1927 Phillips Memorial Gallery
  • 1927 Gallery of Living Art, New York University, Washington Square, New York
  • 1928 Art Institute of Chicago
  • 1928 Provincetown Art Association Modern Exhibition (exhibitor and jurist)
  • 1929 Gallery of Living Art
  • 1930 Provincetown Art Association Modernist exhibition (assists in hanging)
  • 1930 Museum of Modern Art, New York, Thirty-Seven American Artists Exhibited for the First Time
  • 1930 Daniel Gallery, Paintings and watercolors by Karl Knaths
  • 1930 GRD Gallery, New York, Provincetown Group Show organized by Agnes Weinrich
  • 1931 Art Students League, New York
  • 1932 Museum of Modern Art, Murals by Forty-Nine American Painters and Photographers
  • 1932 Art Institute of Chicago, 45th Annual American Exhibition
  • 1932 Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D.C., Corcoran Biennial
  • 1933 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, New England Society of Contemporary Painters
  • 1933 Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia, Flowers in Art: An Exhibition
  • 1934 Eighth Street Galleries, New York, Summer Work of Contemporary Artists
  • 1934 Provincetown Art Association
  • 1936 Whitney Museum, New York, Whitney Biennial
  • 1940 Traveling Exhibition by the Museum of Modern Art and WPA
  • 1941 Whitney Museum, New York, Annual Show of Contemporary Art
  • 1942 Art Institute of Chicago, Paintings by Karl Knaths
  • 1943 Riverside Museum, New York, American Abstract Painters Exhibition
  • 1945 Paul Rosenberg Gallery, New York, Solo Show
  • 1945 Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Painting in the United States, 1945
  • 1946 Nierendorf Gallery, New York, Art to Aid the Hungry, an exhibition with auction of works with proceeds to go to the Friends Subcommittee on Food Parcels to Europe
  • 1946 Carnegie Institute, Painting in the United States, 1946
  • 1947 Paul Rosenberg Gallery, Recent Paintings by Karl Knaths
  • 1948 Paine's Gallery, Boston, Boston Society of Independent Artists
  • 1951 Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts, Columbus, Ohio, Recent Paintings
  • 1952 Phillips Memorial Gallery, Washington, D.C., One-person Show
  • 1959 Whitney Museum of Art, Retrospective exhibition, Four American Expressionists
  • 1962 Rosenberg Gallery, Retrospective Show
  • 1965 Phillips Collection, Retrospective
  • 1971 Phillips Collection, Memorial exhibition
  • 1972 Rosenberg Gallery, Memorial retrospective
  • 1973 - 1974 "Karl Knaths, Five Decades of Painting," memorial retrospective, International Exhibitions Foundation. Exhibition traveled to five museums.
  • 1981 Museum of Modern Art, An American Choice: The Muriel Kallis Steinberg Newman Collection
  • 1982 Phillips Collection, Appreciations: Karl Knaths
  • 1982 Everson Museum of Art, Woodstock, NY, Karl Knaths, 1891-1871: works on paper 1919-1930
  • 1982 Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, NY, Karl Knaths: Ornaments of Glory
  • 1988 Provincetown Art Association and Museum
  • 2005 David Findlay Jr. Fine Art, New York, American Masters & Modernists: Karl Knaths
  • 2007 David Findlay Jr. Fine Art, Cross Currents: Milton Avery, Karl Knaths, Herman Maril
  • 2008 Fondation Cartier pour l'art contemporain, Paris, Azur

Collections[edit]

Knaths's works are held in many American museums. The holdings of the Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C., are both the most extensive and best representative. In that collection there are, in all, thirty-five oils, four watercolors, four woodcuts, three collages, and one lithograph.[8] Other museum holdings include the following.[15][104][105]

  • Albright Knox Gallery, Buffalo, New York
  • Art Institute of Chicago
  • Brooklyn Museum
  • Canton Museum of Art, Canton, Ohio
  • Cape Cod Museum of Art, Dennis, Massachusetts
  • Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, New Hampshire
  • Danforth Museum of Art, Framingham, Massachusetts
  • Davis Museum, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Massachusetts
  • Detroit Institute of Arts
  • Ford Foundation and Rockefeller Institute, New York
  • Harn Museum of Art, University of Florida, Miami, Florida
  • Heckscher Museum, Huntington, New York
  • Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana
  • Huntington Library, Art Collection, and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, California
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  • Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Utica, New York
  • Museum of Art, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • Museum of Modern Art, New York
  • National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
  • Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Philadelphia Museum of Art
  • Provincetown Art Association and Museum
  • Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.
  • Spencer Museum of Art, Lawrence, Kansas
  • Stanford University, Stanford, California
  • Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut
  • Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

Online image galleries[edit]

Here are some sources of digital images of Knaths's work.

  • Phillips Collection
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
  • Canton Museum of Art, Ohio
  • Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, New Hampshire
  • Harvard University Art Museums
  • Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indiana
  • Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington D.C.
  • The Huntington Library, San Marino, California
  • University of Iowa Museum of Art, Iowa City
  • WikiArt, Visual Art Encyclopedia

Exhibition catalogs[edit]

This is a selective list of exhibition catalogs found on WorldCat.

  • Cross section, number one of a series of specially invited American paintings & water colors : Phillips Collection. Washington, Phillips Memorial Gallery [1942]
  • Karl Knaths : Buchholz Gallery, New York, 13. April - 2. May 1942. Buchholz Gallery (New York, N.Y.); New York : Buchholz Gallery, 1942.
  • Walter Kuhn [and] Karl Knaths : [exhibition] February 27-March 27, 1944. Phillips Collection.; Washington, D.C. : Phillips Memorial Gallery, 1944.
  • Annual exhibition of contemporary American painting; 1947. Whitney Museum of American Art. New York : Whitney Museum of American Art
  • Recent paintings by Karl Knaths : December 8, 1947 to January 3, 1948 : Rosenberg Galleries. New York : Rosenberg Galleries, 1948.
  • Paintings by Lee Gatch; Karl Knaths; Ben Shahn; Santa Barbara Museum of Art. Santa Barbara : Museum of Art, [1952]
  • Four American Expressionists: Doris Caesar, Chaim Gross, Karl Knaths [and] Abraham Rattner, 1959 : Whitney Museum of American Art, 1959
  • Karl Knaths, George Mueller : paintings by the 1961 Creative Arts Awards Winners. Brandeis University. Goldfarb Library. Publisher: [Waltham, Mass.] : Brandeis University, [1961]
  • Retrospective loan exhibition of paintings, 1942-1962, by Karl Knaths : December 4, 1962 to January 5, 1963 by E M Benson; Paul Rosenberg & Co. New York, N.Y. : P. Rosenberg, [1962?]
  • Exhibition of recent paintings by Karl Knaths : October 12 to November 7, 1964. Paul Rosenberg & Co.New York : Paul Rosenberg & Co., [1964]
  • Exhibition of recent paintings by Karl Knaths : February 3 to February 29, 1964. Paul Rosenberg & Co. New York : Paul Rosenberg & Co., 1967
  • Exhibition of recent paintings by Karl Knaths : November 1 to December 4, 1965. Paul Rosenberg & Co. New York : Paul Rosenberg & Co., [1965]
  • Retrospective exhibition of paintings by Karl Knaths, April 3 - May 13, 1965, The Phillips Collection. Washington, D.C., 1965.
  • Exhibition of recent paintings by Karl Knaths : October 16 to November 11, 1967. Paul Rosenberg & Co. New York : Paul Rosenberg & Co., 1967.
  • Exhibition of recent paintings by Karl Knaths : January 16 to February 11, 1967. Paul Rosenberg & Co. New York, N.Y. : Paul Rosenberg & Co., [1967]
  • Exhibition of recent paintings by Karl Knaths. New York, P. Rosenberg [1969?]
  • Exhibition of paintings 1950-1960 by Karl Knaths : November 17 to December 20, 1969, Paul Rosenberg & Co. New York : Paul Rosenberg & Co., 1969.
  • Ornament & glory : theme and theory in the work of Karl Knaths : [exhibition] October 9-November 12, 1982, Edith C. Blum Art Institute, Milton and Sally Avery Center for the Arts, the Bard College Center, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York. Annandale-on-Hudson, N.Y. : Bard College, 1982.
  • Karl Knaths, 1891-1971 : works on paper, 1919-1930 by Jean Young; Jim Young; Everson Museum of Art. Syracuse, N.Y. : Everson Museum of Art ; Woodstock, N.Y. Exhibition catalogs
  • Memorial exhibition : paintings from 1922 to 1971 on loan from museums and private collections. Paul Rosenberg & Co. (New York, N.Y.) New York : Paul Rosenberg & Co., 1972.
  • Karl Knaths, five decades of painting; a loan exhibition by Isabel Patterson Eaton; International Exhibitions Foundation.; William Hayes Ackland Memorial Art Center.[Washington, International Exhibitions Foundation, 1973]
  • Karl Knaths, "Aspects I." Paul Rosenberg & Co. New York : Paul Rosenberg & Co., 1974
  • Karl Knaths, "Aspects II." Paul Rosenberg & Co.[New York : Paul Rosenberg & Co., 1975]
  • Cross currents : Milton Avery, Karl Knaths, Herman Maril : Saturday, January 6-Saturday, January 27, [2007], David Findlay Jr. Fine Art. New York, NY : David Findlay Jr. Fine Art, [2007]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Person Details for Otto Knaths in household of George Dietrich, 'Wisconsin, State Census, 1905' — FamilySearch.org". Otto Knaths in household of George Dietrich, Portage city, ward 3, Columbia, Wisconsin; citing p. 517, line 23, State Historical Society, Madison; FHL microfilm 1020443. familysearch.org. 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  2. ^ a b c "Person Details for Otto George Knaths, 'United States World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918' — FamilySearch.org". Otto George Knaths, 1917-1918; citing Columbia County, Wisconsin, United States, NARA microfilm publication M1509, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d); FHL microfilm 1674591. familysearch.org. 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  3. ^ a b "Person Details for Otto K Knaths, 'United States Census, 1940' — FamilySearch.org". Otto K Knaths, Provincetown Town, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 1-39, sheet 1A, family 8, NARA digital publication of T627, roll 1566. familysearch.org. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  4. ^ a b "Person Details for Otto Karl Knaths, 'United States World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942' — FamilySearch.org". National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. Retrieved 2014-05-24 – via familysearch.org. 
  5. ^ a b c d "KNATHS, WEINRICH, WITTE, PECKHAM, EWINGER, DUTTON, VOLLMER, PRUGH, SCHRAMM". Haw-Eye. Burlington, Iowa. 1971-03-10. Retrieved 2014-05-21. This obituary is contained in an entry by "deb" dated 2008-03-02 on the message board of IAGenWeb, which is part of the USGenWeb Project. Other sources give different dates (01 and 08 March). This obituary is closest in time to the event and therefore deemed authoritative. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Karl Knaths, Painter, Dies at 80". New York Times. 1971-03-12. p. 40. 
  7. ^ a b c d "KARL KNATHS (1891–1971) The Knaths Unit". phillipscollection.org. Retrieved 2014-05-24. Adapted from Eye, LBW/LGP 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Karl Knaths (1891-1971) Biography". American Art @ The Phillips Collection. Retrieved 2014-05-24. Adapted from Eye, LBW 
  9. ^ "Play of Planes by Karl Knaths / American Art". painting, ca. 1930-1945, oil on canvas, 28 1/8 x 41 7/8 in. (71.4 x 106.4 cm.) Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  10. ^ a b c "The Tides of Provincetown: Pivotal Years in America's Oldest Continuous Art Colony (1899-2011) / Object labels from the exhibition". Net Mender, a painting by 7Karl Knaths, 1957, Oil on canvas, private Collection, image courtesy of ACME Fine Art and Design. Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc. 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-24. In Net Mender his unusual combination of angular calligraphy, subtle color, and sensitive brushwork is evident. The net mender is alone on a wharf as he draws in his net, with the ocean and a sailboat behind him. The work represents Knaths's Cubist view that plays with the geometry of the wharf, figure, net, and sailboat in a dematerialization that hints at a spiritual experience through the tensions of shapes and colors. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Ann Lee Morgan Former Visiting Assistant Professor University of Illinois at Chicago (27 June 2007). The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists. Oxford University Press. pp. 263–264. ISBN 978-0-19-802955-7. His poetic, semi-abstract landscapes and still lifes feature compositional structures drawn from cubism, along with brushy, suggestive drawing and painterly adapted European modernism to American subjects and feelings, while also nourishing a faith in nature's spiritual values. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Charles Edward Eaton (2001). The Man from Buena Vista: Selected Nonfiction, 1944-2000. Associated University Presses. pp. 108–32. ISBN 978-0-8453-4878-9. 
  13. ^ a b "Person Details for Otto Julius Knaths in entry for Olga Annie Knaths, 09 Dec 1893, 'Wisconsin, Births and Christenings, 1826-1926' — FamilySearch.org". Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  14. ^ "Otto Julius Knaths in entry for Olga Annie Knaths, 09 Dec 1893; citing Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, reference ; FHL microfilm 1012893.". "Wisconsin, Births and Christenings, 1826-1926," index, FamilySearch. Retrieved 2014-05-26. Note that the birth record for Knaths's sister, Olga, shows his mother's name as Tressie Tredeck. 
  15. ^ a b c d e Lawin, Tom (1967-03-24). "Meet Romantic Cubist Karl Knaths, Eau Claire's Gift to the World of Art". The Daily Telegram. Eau Claire, Wisconsin. Published in newspapers.com 
  16. ^ a b c "Portage: A Sesquicentennial History - Artists" (PDF). 2007. Retrieved 2014-05-25. 
  17. ^ a b c "Person Details for Otto Knaths in household of George F Dietrich, 'United States Census, 1910' — FamilySearch.org". Otto Knaths in household of George F Dietrich, Portage Ward 3, Columbia, Wisconsin, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 28, sheet 1B, family 25, NARA microfilm publication T624, FHL microfilm 1375718. familysearch.org. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  18. ^ "WHO IS LAURA SHERRY?". The New York Times. New York: NYTC. 1917-10-28. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  19. ^ a b c Watson, Dudley Crafts (1942). "Karl Knaths As I Knew Him, in Paintings by Karl Knaths - The Art Institute of Chicago - 1942" (PDF). Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved 2014-06-03. 
  20. ^ "University to Offer Exhibit of Famed Painter's Art Works". The Daily Telegram. Eau Claire, Wisconsin. 1966-04-29. p. 25. Retrieved 2014-05-26. Knaths was graduated from high school in Portage, Wisconsin, in 1910. Discovered by Zona Gale, who introduced him to Dudley Crafts Watson of the Milwaukee Art Institute, the young man was encouraged to study at the Chicago Art Institute. 
  21. ^ Merrill, Peter C. (Spring 1993). "Elsa Ulbricht: A Career in Art". Milwaukee History. 16 (1): 22–28. ISSN 0163-7622. Through the Players, Ulbricht become associated with Zona Gale, the local color writer from Portage, Karl Knaths, an Eau Claire artist who moved on to the Provincetown Players, and Dudley Crafts Watson. 
  22. ^ a b c Tarrant, Irving S. (1942). [Exhibition Catalog] Paintings by Karl Knaths: The Art Institute of Chicago, January 22 to February 23, 1942. 
  23. ^ "Karl Knaths - Geranium in Night Window". 2014-03-27. Retrieved 2014-05-23. In 1926, when he acquired his first painting by Karl Knaths, Duncan Phillips regarded Knaths as a member of an esteemed group of modern artists in America whose individuality was not masked by adherence to abstraction. With the purchase of Geranium in Night Window (1922) in 1926, Phillips initiated patronage that would last until his death in 1966. He bought, traded, borrowed, and exhibited over the years, until he assembled the largest and most representative collection of works by Knaths.... Knaths was first introduced to European modernism when he was a guard for the Chicago venue of the 1913 Armory Show. By his own admission, he was confused by the exhibition's "radical" art, but was immediately awed by Cézanne. 
  24. ^ Steve Shipp (1996). American Art Colonies, 1850-1930: A Historical Guide to America's Original Art Colonies and Their Artists. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 87–8. ISBN 978-0-313-29619-2. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h Benson, Gertrude (1952-04-30). "Karl Knaths Hails Order in Art Works" (PDF). Philadelphia Inquirer. p. 24. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  26. ^ "Laura Sherry and the Wisconsin Players: Little Theatre in the Badger State". Acceity (weblog). 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  27. ^ Constance D'Arcy Mackay (1917). The Little Theatre in the United States. Henry Holt. pp. 143–46–. 
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i Noun, Louise R. (Autumn 1995 – Winter 1996). "Agnes Weinrich". Woman's Art Journal. 16 (2): 10–15. JSTOR 1358569. 
  29. ^ "Provincetown Printers/A Woodcut Tradition". Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved February 2, 2017. 
  30. ^ "Summary of the Helen Weinrich Knaths photograph album, 1879-1976 | Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution". Retrieved 2014-05-22. Helen Weinrich Knaths ... was born 1877 as Lena (Lee) Weinrich on a farm in Des Moines County, Iowa. Her sister, Agnes Weinrich, studied painting at the Art Institute of Chicago, in Paris during 1913, and beginning in 1914, in Provincetown, where she and Helen met Karl Knaths. Karl and Helen were married in 1922, and continued to live, with Agnes, in Provincetown during the summer, and in New York during the winter. Agnes died April 17, 1946, Karl Knaths died in 1971, and Helen died at age 102 in 1979. 
  31. ^ "Agnes Weinrich". Retrieved 2014-05-22. Agnes Weinrich (1873 - 1946) worked as a painter and woodblock printer in New York City and Provincetown. She came from a prosperous Iowa farm family, ... studied art in Berlin from 1900-03, in Paris with Andre Lhote, and later at the Art Institute of Chicago, the Art Students League, and in Provincetown with Charles Hawthorne. She led a group of young artists in Provincetown who experimented with Cubism.... Following her sister Helen's marriage in 1922 to artist Karl Knaths, Agnes became a major influence on his work and introduced him into the New York art scene. The three of them lived together for the rest of Weinrich's life. 
  32. ^ "Provincetown Artist Registry ~ Agnes Weinrich (1873-1946)". provincetownartistregistry.com. Retrieved 2014-05-22. Weinrich was Knaths’ acknowledged teacher when it came to modern art. She had traveled and studied in France and Germany - a contrast to stay-at-home Knaths. 
  33. ^ "Gallery Ehva: Contemporary and Early Provincetown Art: Agnes Weinrich (1873-1946)". Retrieved 2014-05-23. Weinrich was Knaths’ acknowledged teacher when it came to modern art. She had traveled and studied in France and Germany - a contrast to stay-at-home Knaths. 
  34. ^ "Horse Barns, Provincetown, 1919 - Karl Knaths - Artist - Conner Rosenkranz". Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  35. ^ a b c Stout, Myron S. (1984). "Oral history interview with Myron S. Stout, 1984 Mar. 26-Oct. 3 - Oral Histories | Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution". ize: Sound recording: 3 sound cassettes. Transcript: 39 p. An interview of Myron S. Stout conducted 1984 Mar. 26-1984 Oct. 3, by Robert F. Brown, for the Archives of American Art. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  36. ^ "KARL KNATHS - Biography". Spanier Modern, a division of Spanierman Gallery. 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Goodrich, Lloyd; Howe, John Ireland (1959). [Exhibition catalog:] Four American Expressionists: Doris Caesar, Chaim Gross, Karl Knaths [and] Abraham Rattner. Whitney Museum of American Art by Praeger. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  38. ^ "Karl Knaths - Maritime, 1931". phillipscollection.org. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  39. ^ "Karl Knaths - Frightened Deer in Moonlight". American Art, Phillips Collection. Retrieved 2014-05-24. Adapted from Eye, LBW/LGP 
  40. ^ Tarrant, Irving S. (1942). [Exhibition Catalog] Paintings by Karl Knaths: The Art Institute of Chicago, January 22 to February 23, 1942. The writer is Irving S. Tarrant. He wrote: "Karl Knaths is a poet of painting. The poetry is not as much in what he says as the way he says it. In his art the lyricism is due to apparently simple but really very subtle relations which are more of less unconsciously achieved by one of the finest sensibilities of our period for painterly felicities." 
  41. ^ a b Graeme, Alice (1938-02-20). "Karl Knaths To Teach at Art Gallery". Washington Post. p. TT5. 
  42. ^ "Karl Knaths, Provincetown studio. Photo by Arnold Newman, for the article written by Robert Hatch, "At The Tip Of Cape Cod" July, 1961 issue of Horizon, a hardbound magazine.". Provincetown Artist Registry. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  43. ^ "Karl Knaths, Provincetown studio. Photo by Arnold Newman, for the article written by Robert Hatch, "At The Tip Of Cape Cod" July, 1961 issue of Horizon, a hardbound magazine.". Provincetown Artist Registry. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  44. ^ "Jimmy Emerson, DVM; Rehoboth Beach Delaware Post Office Mural; New Deal mural entitled "Frontier Mail" painted by Karl Knaths in 1940.". flickr.com. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  45. ^ "Maritime - Karl Knaths". wikiart.org. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  46. ^ a b c Canaday, John (1962-12-17). "Art: A Karl Knaths Retrospective: At 72, the Artist Is Still Learning". New York Times. p. 5. 
  47. ^ Society of Independent Artists (1921). 1921 Catalogue OF THE Fifth Annual Exhibition OF The Society of Independent Artists; No Jury No Prizes. Society of Independent Artists. Retrieved 2014-05-27. 
  48. ^ "Karl Knaths - Geranium in Night Window". American Art — The Phillips Collection. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  49. ^ "Daniel, Charles, 1878-1971 | Archives Directory for the History of Collecting". The Frick Collection. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  50. ^ "Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.) | Archives Directory for the History of Collecting". The Frick Collection. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  51. ^ "Neumann, J. B. (Jsrael Ber) | Archives Directory for the History of Collecting". The Frick Collection. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  52. ^ "Paul Rosenberg & Co. | Archives Directory for the History of Collecting". The Frick Collection. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  53. ^ "History of Duncan Phillips Gifts | American University Museum, Washington DC". american.edu. Retrieved 2014-06-03. 
  54. ^ The Phillips Gallery Art School and Studio House, 1937-1938, Washington. Phillips Gallery. 1937. 
  55. ^ "Biography, Karl Knaths". phillipscollection.org. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  56. ^ Jules Heller; Nancy G. Heller (19 December 2013). North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-63882-5. 
  57. ^ "Of Interest in the Art World". New York Sun. 1931-10-24. 
  58. ^ "At the Art Galleries — New Art Circle". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 1944-05-14. 
  59. ^ Hess, Thomas B. (December 1947). "Spotlight on: Knaths". Art News. 26 (10): 37. 
  60. ^ "Three Modernists". New York Times. 1947-12-14. p. 10. 
  61. ^ de Kooning, Elaine (November 1949). "Knaths Paints a Picture". Art News. 47 (7). 
  62. ^ a b c Gary Tinterow; Lisa Mintz Messinger; Nan Rosenthal (1 January 2007). Abstract Expressionism and Other Modern Works: The Muriel Kallis Steinberg Newman Collection in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum of Art. pp. 69–71. ISBN 978-1-58839-274-9. 
  63. ^ a b Hale, Robert Beverly (1951). "A Report on American Painting Today: 1950". The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. 9 (6): 162. doi:10.2307/3257446. ISSN 0026-1521. 
  64. ^ Painters Jimmy Ernst; Adolph Gottlieb; Robert Motherwell; William Baziotes; Hans Hofmann; Barnett Newman; Clyfford Still; Richard Pousette-Dart; Theodore Stamos; Ad Reinhardt; Jackson Pollock; Mark Rothko; Bradley Walker Tomlin; Willem de Kooning; Hedda Sterne; James Brooks; Weldon Kees; Fritz Bultman; sculptors Herbert Ferber; David Smith; Ibram Lassaw; Mary Callery; Day Schnabel; Seymour Lipton; Peter Grippe; Theodore Roszak; David Hare; Louise Bourgeois. "Open letter to Roland L. Redmond, President of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, May 20th, 1950". Hedda Sterne papers, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, letter : 1 p. typescript, 28 x 22 cm. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  65. ^ Terence Diggory (2009). Encyclopedia of the New York School Poets. Infobase Publishing. p. 240". ISBN 978-1-4381-1905-2. Entry for Thomas B. Hess (1920-1978) art critic. 
  66. ^ Richard, Paul (1974-06-02). "Karl Knaths: Five Decades". Washington Post. p. E6. 
  67. ^ "Lilacs Inspire Prize Work". Provincetown Advocate. 1950-02-21. p. 3. 
  68. ^ Barnett Newman (1992). "On Modern Art: Inquiry and Confirmation" (1944) in: Barnett Newman: Selected Writings and Interviews. University of California Press. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-520-07817-8. 
  69. ^ "LIGHTMAN v. COMMISSIONER | Leagle.com". Bernard Lightman and Barbara Lightman, et al.1 v. Commissioner. United States Tax Court. Filed June 27, 1985. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  70. ^ "Art auction result for artist Karl Knaths.". findartinfo.com. Retrieved 2014-05-29. 
  71. ^ "Noted Abstract Painter Dead". Greeley Daily Tribune. March 12, 1871. p. 18. Retrieved June 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  72. ^ a b "Person Details for Karl O Knaths, 'Massachusetts, Death Index, 1970-2003' — FamilySearch.org". Massachusetts, Death Index, 1970-2003, Barnstable, Massachusetts, death certificate number 012290, Department of Health Services, Boston. familysearch.org. 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  73. ^ "Franckesche Stiftungen zu Halle (Saale) / Datenbank zu den Einzelhandschriften in den historischen Archivabteilungen - Suchergebnis". Franckesche Stiftungen zu Halle (Saale). 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  74. ^ "Person Details for Otto Knaths, 'United States Germans to America Index, 1850-1897'". Germans to America Passenger Data file, 1850-1897, ARC identifier 1746067; Ship Bremen, departed from Bremen, arrived in New York, New York, New York, United States, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., familysearch.org. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  75. ^ "Personals". Provincetown Advocate. Provincetown, Massachusetts. 1932-03-03. p. 4. Carl Knaths, Provincetown artist, was abruptly called away last week to attend the funeral of his mother, Mrs. C. Knaths, of New York, which was held Wednesday, February 24. Mrs. Knaths has been a summer visitor to Provincetown in the past. She underwent an operation at the hospital and never recovered from it, passing on at the hospital February 23. Because of his loss, Mr. Knaths cancelled his lecture which he was planning to deliver at Phillips Memorial Gallery, Washington, D.C., on Wednesday. 
  76. ^ "Person Details for Otto Knaths, 'Wisconsin, Deaths and Burials, 1835-1968' — FamilySearch.org". Cemetery, Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, reference 344, familysearch.org. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  77. ^ "Person Details for Olga Annie Knaths, 'Wisconsin, Births and Christenings, 1826-1926'". familysearch.org. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 
  78. ^ Crotty, Frank (1958-09-25). "Karl Knaths One of Most Famous Artists in This Country Today". Provincetown Advocate. Provincetown, Massachusetts. p. 7. [H]e is a shy and sensitive person. 
  79. ^ "OTTO KARL KNATHS (PHS 1910)" (PDF). Hall of Fame Inductees. Greater Portage Youth Education Foundation. 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  80. ^ "Person Details for Otto K Knaths, 'United States Census, 1930' — FamilySearch.org". Otto K Knaths, Provincetown, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 0015, sheet 1A, family 1, NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 883. familysearch.org. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  81. ^ "Wisconsin Players Arrive". New York Herald. 1917-10-18. The settings have been designed by Daniel Lafarge, son of John Lafarge, American painter, and by Otto Knaths. 
  82. ^ a b "Karl Knaths on artnet". artnet.com. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  83. ^ "Karl Knaths's Cape Cod, a Motion Picture". College Art Journal. 15 (2): 182. Winter 1955. 
  84. ^ "$21,250 IN PRIZES AWARDED FOR ART: 'Paintings of Year' Presented by Pepsi Cola Company". New York Times. 1947-10-01. p. 32. 
  85. ^ Rainey, Ada (1926-01-31). "In the Realm of Art and Books". Washington Post. 
  86. ^ "Contrasting Art Tendencies". New York Sun and Globe. 1924-02-21. 
  87. ^ "In the Realm of Art and Music". Washington Post. 1925-06-28. 
  88. ^ "Living Art Gallery to be Opened Dec. 13". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 1927-12-04. 
  89. ^ "The Forty-First American Exhibition". Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago. December 1928. p. 117. Karl Knaths's angular, colorful "Barnyard" won the Norman Wait Harris Silver Medal with five hundred dollars. 
  90. ^ "EVENTS IN THE REALM OF ART; HERE AND ELSEWHERE". New York Times. 1928-07-17. p. 137. 
  91. ^ "ARTISTS TO SHOW WORK.: Museum of Modern Art to Exhibit Their Creations for First Time". New York Times. 1930-11-25. p. 34. 
  92. ^ "Calendar of Current Exhibitions in New York". Parnassus. 2 (2). College Art Association. February 1930. p. 44. Daniel Galleries, 600 Madison Ave. -- Paintings and watercolors by Karl Knaths, February 17 to March 8; 
  93. ^ "Attractions at Other Galleries". New York Sun. 1931-01-10. 
  94. ^ "Flowers in Art: An Exhibition". Bulletin of the Pennsylvania Museum. March 1933. p. 61. 
  95. ^ "Art Calendar". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 1934-10-14. 
  96. ^ Jewell, Edward Alden (1936-02-23). "BIENNIAL: The Whitney Show Of Water-Colors". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. p. X9. 
  97. ^ "Four American Traveling Exhibitions". The Bulletin of the Museum of Modern Art. 7 (1): 4. 1940. doi:10.2307/4057959. ISSN 1938-6761. 
  98. ^ "Paintings by Karl Knaths". Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago. February 1942. p. 31. 
  99. ^ Jewell, Edward Alden (1943-03-17). "ABSTRACT ARTISTS GIVE ANNUAL SHOW". New York Times. p. 14. 
  100. ^ "Art to Aid the Hungry". New York Times. 1946-03-26. p. 21. 
  101. ^ Partner, Leslie Judd (1952-04-13). "Knaths Easily Survives a Show". Washington Post. p. L5. 
  102. ^ "William and Lucy L'Engle | D. Wigmore Fine Art". dwigmore.com. 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-31. 
  103. ^ "unknown". Provincetown Advocate. 1932–1965. p. passim. 
  104. ^ "Karl Knaths". Westbrook Galleries. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  105. ^ "Museums With Paintings By Karl Knaths". us.museumangel.com. Retrieved 2014-05-30. 

Further reading[edit]

Knaths wrote a manuscript he called "Ornament & Glory" in which he described his theories of color, proportion, and composition. Much of it is included in the book Ornament & Glory: Theme and Theory in the Work of Karl Knaths, ed. by Linda Weintraub, Annandale-on-Hudson, Bard College, 1982 (published to accompany the exhibition, "Karl Knaths: Ornaments of Glory").

Other useful works include:

  • "Art: A Karl Knaths Retrospective," by John Canaday, New York Times, December 17, 1962
  • Four American expressionists: Doris Caesar, Chaim Gross, Karl Knaths [and] Abraham Rattner, by Lloyd Goodrich, John I H Baur, New York, Published for the Whitney Museum of American Art by Praeger [1959]
  • "Karl Knaths, Five Decades of Painting," in The Man from Buena Vista: Selected Nonfiction, 1944-2000, by Charles Edward Eaton, New York : Cornwall Books, 2001
  • "Karl Knaths Hails Order in Art Works," by Gertrude Benson, Philadelphia Inquirer, April 30, 1952
  • "Knaths Paints a Picture," by Elaine de Kooning, Art News, v. 47, n. 7, pt. 1, November 1949
  • "Meet Romantic Cubist Karl Knaths, Eau Claire's Gift to the World of Art," by Tom Lawin, The Daily Telegram, Eau Claire, March 24, 1967
  • "Spotlight on: Knaths," by Thomas B. Hess, Art News, v. 46, n. 10, December 1947
  • "Three Modernists," by Howard Devree, New York Times, December 14, 1947