||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2013)|
|Cardinal, Bishop of Mainz|
Cardinal Lehmann, 2014
|Province||Freiburg im Breisgau|
|Appointed||21 June 1983|
|Installed||2 October 1983|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of S. Leone I|
|Ordination||10 October 1963
by Julius August Döpfner
|Consecration||2 October 1983
by Hermann Volk
|Created Cardinal||21 February 2001|
16 May 1936 |
|Motto||state in fide|
|Coat of arms|
Karl Lehmann (born 16 May 1936) is a Cardinal of the Catholic Church, Bishop of Mainz and former Chairman of the Conference of the German Bishops (German: Deutsche Bischofskonferenz), the highest representative post of the Catholic Church in Germany.
He was educated at the Seminary of Freiburg from 1957-1964 and then studied in Rome at the Pontifical Gregorian University where he earned a doctorate in philosophy, summa cum laude in 1962, with a thesis titled "Vom Ursprung und Sinn der Seinsfrage im Denken Martin Heideggers". He also received a doctorate in theology, summa cum laude, in 1967, with a thesis titled "'Auferweckt am dritten Tag nach der Schrift' — Exegetische und fundamentaltheologische Studien zu 1 Kor 15,3b-5".
He was ordained to the priesthood on 10 October 1963 in Rome by Cardinal Julius Döpfner. He served as an assistant to Fr. Karl Rahner, S.J., Münich at the Institute of Christian Thought and Religious Philosophy, 1964-1967; 1967-1968. Instructor of dogmatics and history of dogma at the University of Munich in 1967. Obtained the Habilitationsstipendium of the German Research Council (DFG) in 1968. Professor of dogmatic theology, Mainz, 1968-1971; of dogmatic and ecumenical theology, Freiburg, 1971-1983. Member of the Ecumenical Working Group of Evangelical and Catholic Theologians in 1969; scientific leader, 1976; and chairman, 1988. Declined professorships in Munich in 1971; and in Tübingen in 1981. From 1971, co-editor of the international journal Communio. Member of the board of the Synod of the Dioceses of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1971-1975. Member of the International Theological Commission, 1974-1984. Prelate of honour of His Holiness, 26 March 1979.
Pope John Paul II raised him to the rank of cardinal at the consistory of 21 February 2001. He was one of the electors who participated in the papal conclaves of 2005 and 2013 that selected Pope Benedict XVI and Pope Francis.
The Cardinal is beyond the age at which a bishop is required to submit his resignation, but in the Diocese of Mainz the bishop is not appointed by the Pope, but selected by him from three names submitted by the Cathedral Chapter, which is composed of local clergy.
Coat of arms
Cardinal Lehmann's episcopal coat of arms incorporates various elements, such as the wheel from the arms of the Diocese of Mainz, the key from the Diocese of Worms, and an open book with the letters Alpha and Omega, a symbol of the message of Jesus Christ, as well as for the cardinal's personal enthusiasm for books).
His Latin motto, State in fide, "Stand firmly in the faith", is derived from 1 Corinthians 16:13.
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|Catholic Church titles|
|Chairman of the Conference of the German Bishops
|Bishop of Mainz