|Nickname(s)||Lion of Brzeziny|
22 January 1850|
Neuglobsow, Stechlin, Brandenburg
|Died||28 May 1936
Neuglobsow, Stechlin, Germany
|Allegiance|| German Empire (to 1918)
Weimar Republic (to 1933)
|Years of service||1867–1918|
|Rank||General der Infanterie|
|Awards||Pour le Mérite with Oakleaves|
|Relations||Walter Lehweß-Litzmann (grandson)|
World War I
He is best known for his victory at the Battle of Łódź (1914); he earned the nickname "the Lion of Brzeziny" there. On 29 November 1914 he was awarded the "Pour le Mérite" for military bravery and Oak Leaves (signifying a second award) on 18 August 1915.
Litzmann became a member of Nazi Party in 1929 having previously become a member of SA; he was elected to the Reichstag in 1932 but declined to serve on grounds that he had responsibilities to the Prussian State Parliament (where he was its most senior member [also known as Father of the House or Alterspräsident]).
After the 1939 Nazi invasion of Poland, the towns of Łódź and Brzeziny were renamed in honour of Karl Litzmann. On 11 April 1940 Łódź was officially retitled Litzmannstadt, while Brzeziny later became Löwenstadt (lion city). After World War II the towns reverted to their Polish names.
Karl Litzmann was an Honorary Citizen of Neuruppin. The honorary citizenship was withdrawn in 2007.
He was the father of Karl-Siegmund Litzmann and grandfather to Walter Lehweß-Litzmann.
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|Commander, XXXX Reserve Corps
24 December 1914 - 6 August 1918
Generalleutnant Paul Grünert
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