Karl Mauss

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Karl Mauss
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2006-0822-500, Gotenhafen, Generalleutnant Karl Mauss.jpg
Born (1898-05-17)17 May 1898
Ploen, German Empire
Died 9 February 1959(1959-02-09) (aged 60)
Hamburg, West Germany
Allegiance  German Empire
 Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
Years of service 1914–22, 1934–45
Rank General der Panzertruppe
Unit 10th Panzer Division
Commands held 7th Panzer Division
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds
Other work Dentist

Karl Mauss (17 May 1898 – 9 February 1959) was German general during World War II. He commanded the 7th Panzer Division and was one of only 27 German military men to receive the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds.

Career[edit]

Mauss volunteered for service in World War I in 1914 at the age of sixteen.[1] He joined Lauenburger Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 9 of Ratzeburg, serving on the Western Front. In 1915, the youngest man in the division, he was awarded the Iron Cross, 2nd class as the best scout in the region during the Battle of the Somme.[2] The following year, shortly after the transfer of his division to the Eastern Front, he received the Iron Cross, 1st class. Following World War I Mauss joined the paramilitary groups Freikorps Oberland and Marinebrigade Ehrhardt and fought against the Silesian Uprisings. Beginning in 1922, he studied dentistry at the University of Hamburg, attaining his doctorate in 1929 and opening a private dental practice. He re-enlisted in 1934, and reached the rank of major in April 1938.

At the start of the war, Mauss served with the 20th Motorized Infantry Division, with which he participated in the 1939 Invasion of Poland. In May 1940 his 10th Panzer Division took part in the Battle of France together with Heinz Guderian's XIX Army Corps. In the second phase of the campaign, Mauss participated in the battles against the French 7th Army.

Mauss took part in Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941. In November 1941, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. In 1942 Mauss was promoted to colonel; he was awarded the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross in November, 1943. In January 1944 he took command of the 7th Panzer Division. On 23 October 1944 he received the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. In February 1945 he was seriously injured and had a leg amputated. He was promoted to lieutenant general in April, and received the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords, and Diamonds on 15 April 1945.

After the war Mauss worked as a dentist in his own practice. He died in 1959 following a lengthy illness.

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Fraschka 1994, p. 325.
  2. ^ Fraschka 1994, p. 326.
  3. ^ a b Thomas 1998, p. 64.
  4. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 299.
  5. ^ a b c d Scherzer 2007, p. 531.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fraschka, Günther (1994). Knights of the Reich. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military/Aviation History. ISBN 978-0-88740-580-8. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Stockert, Peter (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 4 [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 4] (in German). Bad Friedrichshall, Germany: Friedrichshaller Rundblick. ISBN 978-3-932915-03-1. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Oberst Wolfgang Gläsemer
Commander of 7th Panzer Division
30 January 1944 – 2 May 1944
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Gerhard Schmidhuber
Preceded by
Generalmajor Gerhard Schmidhuber
Commander of 7th Panzer Division
9 September 1944 – 31 October 1944
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Hellmuth Mäder
Preceded by
Generalmajor Hellmuth Mäder
Commander of 7th Panzer Division
30 November 1944 – 5 January 1945
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Max Lemke
Preceded by
Generalmajor Max Lemke
Commander of 7th Panzer Division
23 January 1945 – 23 March 1945
Succeeded by
Oberst Hans Christern