Karl Moor (Swiss banker)

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For those with similar name, see Karl Moor.


Karl Moor (11 December 1852 in Fribourg – 14 June 1932 in Berlin) was a Swiss communist, and a channel for German financing of the 19th-century European Bolshevik movement.

He was the illegitimate son of Swiss citizen Mary Moor, of Vordemwald, and the Swiss aristocrat Ernest de Stoeklin, of Fribourg. Moor studied at universities in both Switzerland and Germany. In the 1870s his passion for the ideas of socialism led him to take part in the work of the banned Social Democratic Party of Germany. In the spring of 1881 he was expelled from Bavaria and moved to Basel. There he became one of the eminent functionaries of Swiss social democracy. In 1889 he lived in Bern, where he edited the social-democratic newspaper Berner Tagwacht. During this period he provided assistance to many political exiles from Russia, as well as leaders of the Peoples' First Polish Socialist Party, "Proletariat," and the Bolsheviks-Lenintsev.

4 May 1917 Moor was a report in the MFA Germany, which reported that he had « «made probing a number of representatives of various groups of pacifist’s wing (in the Russians), the Socialists and they said that it would be very desirable that a systematic, intensive and effective campaigning in favor of peace would be maintained by someone of the well-known neutral comrades. After they were clear, and I would say, good willingness to accept financial support for it to work for peace, I said that for its part, would be happy to provide a substantial amount for such a noble, humane and international goals ».

He further suggested the following principles: 1. Personality of sponsor guarantees that money will come from an unsuspected source 2. Sponsor or mediator should be provided with the entry into Russia with the money, 3. In order to implement an immediate allocation of funds necessary to have them in the form of cash, and the most appropriate form here would be the Swiss currency.

As a result, in July 1917 of Moor was in Russia and supplied the Bolsheviks «loan» in the amount of 32,837 dollars, allegedly from the inheritance.

In 1922, Moor with great difficulty made a partial return «loan».

On 14 June 1932, Moor died in Berlin.

It was clarified that he was a German spy after World War I. His code name was "Bayer".

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Haas L. Carl Vital Moor. 1852—1932. Ein Leben für Marx und Lenin. Zürish, 1970.
  • Schurer H. Karl Moor — German Agent and Friend of Lenin // The Journal of Contemporary History. 1970. Vol. 5. 2.
  • Dmitri Volkogonov. Lenin: A New Biography, Free Press, 1994 ISBN 978-0-02-933435-5