Karl Ignaz Weigl (6 February 1881 – 11 August 1949) was an Austrian composer. He was born in Vienna, being the son of a bank official who was also a keen amateur musician. Alexander Zemlinsky took him as a private pupil in 1896. Weigl went to school at the Franz-Joseph-Gymnasium and graduated from there in 1899. After that, he continued his studies at the Vienna Music Academy, where he became a composition pupil of Robert Fuchs, and also enrolled at the University of Vienna, studying musicology under Guido Adler, having Anton Webern as a classmate. His only opera, Der Rattenfänger von Hameln, premiered in Vienna in 1932.
When the Nazis occupied Austria, in 1938, Weigl emigrated to the United States of America, together with his second wife, musician and composer Vally Weigl (née Pick), and his son. There, he obtained a number of increasingly important teaching posts: at the Hartt School of Music, at Brooklyn College, at the Boston Conservatory and, from 1948 on, at the Philadelphia Academy of Music. He died in New York after a prolonged battle with bone marrow cancer.
Weigl wrote many compositions including symphonies, chamber music pieces including string quartets, and songs for solo piano.
- Hensel, Daniel (Ed.): Anleitung zum General-Bass (1805), einschließlich der Biographie: Karl Weigl: Emanuel Aloys Förster (1913), Stuttgart ibidem 2012, ISBN 978-3-8382-0378-2 (German)
- Works by or about Karl Weigl at Internet Archive
- Torres, Claude. "Karl and Vally Weigl Works and Discography".
- String Quartet No.3, Op.4 Sound-bites and discussion
- Free scores by Karl Weigl at the International Music Score Library Project
- The Karl Weigl Papers at Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
- Article on Weigl's Fifth Symphony (Accessed 17 May 2011)
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