Karl von Kügelgen
Johann Karl Ferdinand von Kügelgen (6 February 1772, in Bacharach am Rhein – 9 January 1832 [O.S. 28 December 1831], in Tallinn), also known as Carl Ferdinand von Kügelgen was a landscape and history painter, a Russian court and cabinet painter in St. Petersburg, a member of the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, and a member of the Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin.
His twin brother Gerhard von Kügelgen was active as a portrait and history painter in Dresden. In his school days in Bonn, during which he lived with his brother, he studied at the first Bonn University of Philosophy. Ludwig van Beethoven was among his classmates.
In 1790 he traveled to Frankfurt and Würzburg, where he later worked in the studios of Johann Christoph Fesel. In 1791 he and his brother received a scholarship to Rome from the Elector of Bonn Archduke Maximilian Franz of Austria. In 1796, he travelled to Vienna with the composer Andreas Romberg and his cousin, Bernhard Romberg, then later moved to Riga.
- Karl-Ernst Linz: Die Bacharacher Malerzwillinge Gerhard und Karl von Kügelgen.Verein für die Geschichte der Stadt Bacharach und der Viertäler e.V., Bacharach 1997, ISBN 3-928022-63-6 (in German)