Karlal

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The Karlal (Urdu کرڑال also known as Karral, or Kiraal) is a Hindko-speaking tribe in Hazara Division, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The Karlals mostly inhabit the highlands of the Nara tract and the Galiyat area of the Abbottabad District, parts of the Haripur District, and parts of the Bagh District of Azad Kashmir.[citation needed]

Etymology and origins[edit]

The Karlal oral tradition states that the tribe descends from a man named Karral Shah who had migrated to present-day Abbottabad district from the present-day border of southern Pakistan with Afghanistan.[1] [2]

After Pakistan independence[edit]

In 1957, Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi, a Karlal, became the first recipient of the highest civilian award of Pakistan, the Nishan-e-Imtiaz.[3] Most Karlals today are still living in their ancestral villages in the Galiyat and the Nara tract of the Abbottabad District. More recently, the Karlals, along with some other tribesmen of Hazara, have engaged in a political struggle to separate the Hazara Division from Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa in order to form a Hazara Province.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office of the Census Commissioner (1961). Part 2, Volume 12 of Population Census of Pakistan, 1961: District Census Report. c.HAZARA DISTRICT AT A GLANCE.
  2. ^ Gankovskiĭ, I. (1971). The Peoples of Pakistan: An Ethnic History
  3. ^ "Nishan-e-Imtiaz for PCCR members". Nation.com.pk. 2011-03-24. Retrieved 2017-08-02. 
  4. ^ "Movement for Hazara province to be launched in August: leader | Pakistan". thenews.com.pk. 2017-05-07. Retrieved 2017-08-02. 
  5. ^ "Haider Zaman reiterates pledge to work for Hazara province | Peshawar". thenews.com.pk. 2017-04-13. Retrieved 2017-08-02.